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The bishops outside the Assembly and the new political order, 1789–1790

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

The bishops, like their clergy, were generally ready in the late summer of 1789 to welcome the work of their representatives. They clung to the hope that the future would bring unlimited social and ... More


Acknowledgment of Harm

Emily M. Calhoun

in Losing Twice: Harms of Indifference in the Supreme Court

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195399745
eISBN:
9780199894444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399745.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses why justices making a tragic choice have an obligation to acknowledge properly their choice and its harmful consequences for constitutional losers. It offers some ideas about ... More


Harm and Regret in Abortion Disputes

Emily M. Calhoun

in Losing Twice: Harms of Indifference in the Supreme Court

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195399745
eISBN:
9780199894444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399745.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

When people discuss what Supreme Court justices should do when asked to resolve passionately contested rights disputes, the topic of abortion inevitably surfaces. This chapter explores failures to ... More


Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Fixing Language is a book about ways in which language (and other representational devices) can be defective and improved. In all parts of philosophy there are philosophers who criticize the concepts ... More


Shifting Concepts: The Philosophy and Psychology of Conceptual Variability

Teresa Marques and Åsa Wikforss (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198803331
eISBN:
9780191841521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803331.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Concepts stand at the centre of human cognition. We use concepts in categorizing objects and events in the world, in reasoning and action, and in social interaction. It is therefore not surprising ... More


Catastrophe: Plowing Up the Ground of Reason

Linda Ross Meyer

in Law and Catastrophe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756839
eISBN:
9780804768344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756839.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter explores how modern law strives to gain dominion over catastrophe; how it attempts to subdue, domesticate, and colonize it. Specifically, it shows how law works to master catastrophe ... More


Workers in Motion

Douglas Mao

in Inventions of Nemesis: Utopia, Indignation, and Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691199252
eISBN:
9780691211640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691199252.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter traces how the where of work and workers appears as a problem and a value in utopian writing, arguing that we misunderstand the justice utopia strives for if we think of it as a right ... More


Bondsman or Rebel: Disability Rhetoric and the Challenge of Revolutionary Emancipation

Stefanie Hunt-Kennedy

in Between Fitness and Death: Disability and Slavery in the Caribbean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780252043192
eISBN:
9780252052071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043192.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the relationships between disability, amelioration, and abolition from the 1770s to the slave trade’s legal end in 1807. It reveals that both opponents and supporters of slavery ... More


Tracing the Sociopolitical Reality of Race

Sally Haslanger

in What Is Race?: Four Philosophical Views

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190610173
eISBN:
9780190610210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190610173.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The concept of race has a troublesome history. It has been used to divide societies and subordinate groups in unjust ways. It has also been a source of pride and strength for the subordinate (as well ... More


Assessing Health-Care System Performance against the Four Core Aims of Health-Care Policy

Gunnar Almgren

in Health Care as a Right of Citizenship: The Continuing Evolution of Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231170130
eISBN:
9780231543316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170130.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Previous chapters have provided the historical context and the justification for a set of four core aims of health care policy in light of the requisites of citizenship in a democratic society, and ... More


From Feudalism to Association

Marilyn Fischer

in Jane Addams's Evolutionary Theorizing: Constructing "Democracy and Social Ethics"

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226631325
eISBN:
9780226631462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226631462.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter examines three essays Addams later revised as chapters in Democracy and Social Ethics titled “Household Adjustment,” “Industrial Amelioration,” and “Filial Relations.” In these essays ... More


Introduction: A Guided Tour of Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Herman Cappelen and David Plunkett

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this Introduction, we aim to introduce the reader to the basic topic of this book. As part of this, we explain why we are using two different expressions (‘conceptual engineering’ and ‘conceptual ... More


Descriptive vs. Ameliorative Projects: The Role of Normative Considerations

E. Díaz León

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Feminist philosophers have famously argued that contextual factors play a role in the justification and assessment of scientific theories. A similar question might arise regarding inquiries in ... More


Conclusion: Making Things Better

Erin McKenna

in Pets, People, and Pragmatism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251148
eISBN:
9780823252886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251148.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Pragmatism understands other beings as they are and examines their natural and developmental histories. It calls on us to use our critical capacities to examine past and current experimentation with ... More


Philosophy as the Study of Defective Concepts

Kevin Scharp

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

From familiar concepts like tall and table to exotic ones like gravity and genocide, they guide our lives and are the basis for how we represent the world. However, there is good reason to think that ... More


Linguistic Intervention and Transformative Communicative Disruptions

Rachel Katharine Sterken

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What words we use, and what meanings they have, is important. We shouldn’t use slurs; we should use ‘rape’ to include spousal rape (for centuries we didn’t); we should have a word which picks out the ... More


Humanity and Interest

Paul Cheney

in Cul de Sac: Patrimony, Capitalism, and Slavery in French Saint-Domingue

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226079356
eISBN:
9780226411774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226411774.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Planters and administrators in the French and British empires were aware of the ravages of the slave system of labor and attempted, toward the mid-eighteenth century, to improve the profitability and ... More


Hunger at the Nexus of Rights and Development

Michelle Jurkovich

in Feeding the Hungry: Advocacy and Blame in the Global Fight against Hunger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501751165
eISBN:
9781501751189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501751165.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains why there is no anti-hunger norm and why some rights may struggle to generate norms. It considers what constitutes a human right and how issues that sit at the nexus of ... More


Defying Religion and Deifying Nationhood: Conscious Ideological Secularization of Hebrew Terms

Ghil'ad Zuckermann

in Revivalistics: From the Genesis of Israeli to Language Reclamation in Australia and Beyond

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780199812776
eISBN:
9780190097042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199812776.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the widespread phenomenon of semantic secularization. An example of an ideologically-neutral semantic secularization is visible in the transition of the meaning for the English ... More


Transformative Change in Community Mental Health: A Community Psychology Framework

Geoffrey Nelson, Bret Kloos, and José Ornelas

in Community Psychology and Community Mental Health: Towards Transformative Change

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199362424
eISBN:
9780199362448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362424.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This first chapter provides an introduction to the book. The chapter begins with a rationale for why transformative change is needed in community mental health (CMH) and why community psychology is ... More


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