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Effects of visual deprivation

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the effects of early deprivation of sight in one or both eyes. The discussions cover the effects of dark rearing; monocular deprivation; the critical period; amblyopia; and ... More


Development and pathology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of the visual system and the development of binocular vision. It then covers stereoanomalies, brain damage and stereopsis, the effects of dark ... More


Effects of visual deprivation

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0241
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Visual deprivation in early life disrupts the development of the visual system, especially binocular vision. The chapter starts with a review of the effects of rearing animals in darkness and the ... More


Introduction

Nicoletta Berardi, Matteo Caleo, Lucia Galli-Resta, and Tommaso Pizzorusso

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Lamberto Maffei has been a scientific explorer of new trails in uncharted territories. In his early work, Lamberto explored the functions of the mammalian visual system. He moved on to an ... More


Sensitivity to Movement of Configurations of Achromatic and Chromatic Points in Amblyopic Patients

M. L. F. De Mattiello, M. Maneiro, and S. Buglione

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Amblyopia has been attributed to a shift in sensitivity of the visual system toward low spatial-frequency filter mechanisms. This chapter analyzes the capacity to recognize moving signals and how ... More


Visual masking in selected subject populations

Bruno G. Breitmeyer and Haluk ÖĞmen

in Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Masking has been used for several decades as an experimental technique to investigate the temporal properties of visual information-processing in specific populations of human observers. Among these ... More


Occlusion therapy for childhood amblyopia: current concepts in treatment evaluation

Merrick J. Moseley and Alistair R. Fielder

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter, as its title suggests, is concerned primarily with practical issues surrounding amblyopia therapy. Imprecise or inappropriate measurement techniques have limited understandings of ... More


Visual development following treatment of a unilateral infantile cataract

Ronald G. Boothe

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

An understanding of the ways in which vision develops following treatment of an infantile cataract is of considerable interest to a broad spectrum of basic scientists and clinicians. Devising ... More


Visual development in children with congenital cataract

A. Sjöströtm, M. Abrahamssom, E. Byhr, and j. Sjöstrand

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Visual−deprivation experiments on cats and monkeys have showed that complete unilateral eye occlusion of these animals until twelve weeks of age can produce a permanent amblyopia and a decrease in ... More


Improving Abnormal Spatial Vision in Adults with Amblyopia

Uri Polat

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter deals with the visual processing of adults with amblyopia. Plasticity is deemed to exist in the process and can be used to improve the vision of such patients. Through perceptual ... More


New Perspectives in the Treatment of Amblyopia

Levi Dennis M.

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter presents new perspectives in amblyopia treatment. It provides evidence for plasticity in the adult nervous system. It illustrates that substantial neural plasticity exists in the visual ... More


Failures Of Dynamic Coordination in Disease States and Their Implications For Normal Brain Function

Steven M. Silverstein

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

A number of non-independent factors, such as neurotransmitter and receptor excesses and reductions, a reduced ability to generate oscillations and synchrony, and changes in gene expression due to ... More


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