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Degrees of Difficulty: How Women's Gymnastics Rose to Prominence and Fell from Grace

Georgia Cervin

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780252043772
eISBN:
9780252052675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043772.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book chronicles the history of Women’s Artistic Gymnastics against the backdrop of the Cold War. Accepted into the Olympic program in 1952 because it was considered uniquely appropriate for ... More


Tennis: A History from American Amateurs to Global Professionals

Greg Ruth

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780252043895
eISBN:
9780252052798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043895.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This book reassess how tennis evolved from a cloistered amateur game to a more inclusive and thoroughly professionalized global sport. Tennis began in Britain in 1873. The game grew quickly along the ... More


The Minority Voice: Hubert Butler and Southern Irish Protestantism, 1900-1991

Robert Tobin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641567
eISBN:
9780191738418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641567.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

‘How do such people, with brilliant members and dull ones, fare when they pass from being a dominant minority to being a powerless one?’ So asked the Kilkenny man‐of‐letters Hubert Butler (1900‐91) ... More


History, Heritage, and Scholarship, 1930–72

Robert Tobin

in The Minority Voice: Hubert Butler and Southern Irish Protestantism, 1900-1991

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641567
eISBN:
9780191738418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641567.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter unpacks Butler's commitment to cultural continuity amidst political change, emphasizing his insistence on the value of the Anglo‐Irish legacy to independent Ireland's development. It ... More


Amateurism and the Victorians

Richard Holt

in Sport and the British: A Modern History

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192852298
eISBN:
9780191670541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852298.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the history of sports amateurism in Victorian Britain. The middle and upper classes devoted a large amount of time to sport, and even the business elite often seemed to be more ... More


With His ‘Mind-Guided Camera’: J. M. Synge, J. J. Clarke, and the Visual Politics of Edwardian Street Photography

Justin Carville

in Synge and Edwardian Ireland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609888
eISBN:
9780191731778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609888.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines John Millington Synge’s use of photography in late Victorian and Edwardian Ireland. Drawing on the writings of Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin, the chapter discusses Synge’s ... More


The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Matthew P Llewellyn and John Gleaves

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040351
eISBN:
9780252098772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

For decades, amateurism defined the ideals undergirding the Olympic movement. No more. Today's Games present athletes who enjoy open corporate sponsorship and unabashedly compete for lucrative ... More


From Amateurism to Professionalism

Georgia Cervin

in Degrees of Difficulty: How Women's Gymnastics Rose to Prominence and Fell from Grace

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780252043772
eISBN:
9780252052675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043772.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

Chapter 2 argues that Olympic economic policy was a place of challenge in Cold War gymnastics, rather than cooperation, with opposing views extending from fans and media to differences between the ... More


Professionals and Amateurs: Bloomsbury, Blast, and The Caliph’s Design

Nathan O'Donnell

in Wyndham Lewis's Cultural Criticism and the Infrastructures of Patronage

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781789621662
eISBN:
9781800341845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621662.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter takes, as its point of departure, the historical detail of the famous 1913 split between Lewis and the Omega Workshops, used here as a lens for considering the professionalisation of the ... More


‘Public Money is Private Money’: Paying for the Arts in the 1930s

Nathan O'Donnell

in Wyndham Lewis's Cultural Criticism and the Infrastructures of Patronage

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781789621662
eISBN:
9781800341845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789621662.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers developments in Lewis’s criticism of the 1930s, in particular his writing on patronage and the economic status of the artist, during an era of reduced opportunities for artists ... More


Loving the past

Thomas A. Prendergast and Stephanie Trigg

in Affective medievalism: Love, abjection and discontent

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526126863
eISBN:
9781526142009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126863.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Despite dramatic changes in the dynamics between medieval studies and medievalism, the medieval is still seen as the originary moment of medievalism, which is still regarded in turn as a screen for ... More


Gasping Lungs

Vanessa Heggie

in Higher and Colder: A History of Extreme Physiology and Exploration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226650883
eISBN:
9780226650913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650913.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at the history of altitude physiology from the mid nineteenth to the late twentieth century, using it as a case study for the conflict between laboratory models and so-called "real ... More


Thorkel Farserk Goes for a Swim: Climate Change, the Medieval Optimum, and the Perils of Amateurism

Bruce Holsinger

in The Middle Ages in the Modern World: Twenty-first century perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780197266144
eISBN:
9780191860027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266144.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the role of amateurism in shaping scholarly, popular, and political representations of the Medieval Optimum, a centuries-long warming era prior to the early modern period. ... More


Sport

Douglas Kerr

in Conan Doyle: Writing, Profession, and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674947
eISBN:
9780191756986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674947.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter starts with Conan Doyle's enthusiastic participation in all kinds of sports, most particularly boxing and cricket. Sports – increasingly popular, organized, and codified – played an ... More


Coda: The Pressure to Commit: Professionalism, Periodization, Affect

Melissa E. Sanchez

in Queer Faith: Reading Promiscuity and Race in the Secular Love Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479871872
eISBN:
9781479834044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479871872.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Queer Faith concludes by examining some implications of Pauline theology for recent debates about periodization, affect, and reading. The coda observes that the figure of the scholar whose work is ... More


The Ascent of the Expert: Professionals and the NGO Career

Matthew Hilton, James Mckay, Nicholas Crowson, and Jean‐François Mouhot

in The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199691876
eISBN:
9780191745126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691876.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter maps how professionalization has transformed the voluntary organizations of the Victorian and Edwardian eras into modern NGOs: massive non-profit enterprises with CEOs, marketing ... More


The Piano Touches Me

François Noudelmann

in The Philosopher's Touch: Sartre, Nietzsche, and Barthes at the Piano

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153942
eISBN:
9780231527200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153942.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines how Roland Barthes affirmed the radical difference between playing and discussing music yet wrote about his own piano playing. Barthes played the piano daily; he was also a ... More


“So New Sincerity”: New Century, New Media

Ellen Rutten

in Sincerity After Communism: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300213980
eISBN:
9780300224832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300213980.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the relationship between sincerity and digitization and how sincerity relates to such central concepts in the sincerity-and-media debate as amateurism, imperfection, and craft. ... More


Introduction

Matthew P. Llewellyn and John Gleaves

in The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040351
eISBN:
9780252098772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to present a richly contextualized global history of the role of Olympic amateurism, from Coubertin's Olympic revival in 1894 through ... More


The Anatomy of Olympic Amateurism

Matthew P. Llewellyn and John Gleaves

in The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040351
eISBN:
9780252098772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040351.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter traces the origins and development of amateurism, from the plans to revive the Olympic Games of classical Greek antiquity in 1894 through its global diffusion. Though often misattributed ... More


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