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General Introduction

Stephen G. Post

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This introductory chapter begins by defining the term altruism. Altruism, for the purposes of this volume, refers to a fundamental orientation of the agent that is primarily ‘other-regarding’, in ... More


Altruism

Stephen Stich, John M. Doris, and Erica Roedder

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on an issue that has vexed philosophers since Plato: is genuinely altruistic behavior possible, or is all human behavior ultimately selfish? It begins in Section 2 with a brief ... More


A Short Natural History of Altruism and Healing

Christopher Boehm

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter explores the deep evolutionary roots of altruism and healing. It discusses medical practices among apes, as well as their medical helping behaviours. It then moves to a focus on the role ... More


Altruism, Well-Being, and Mental Health in Late Life

Elizabeth Midlarsky and Eva Kahana

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter begins with the background of and a theory on altruism. It then focuses on research on older helpers, emphasizing work on Holocaust heroes, who are at the time of writing this book quite ... More


Altruism and Subjective Well-Being: Conceptual Model and Empirical Support

Carolyn Schwartz

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Although the benefits of giving support have long been acknowledged among spiritual and religious texts as a key to living well, the predominant focus in psychological research on social support has ... More


Altruism, Religion, and Health: Exploring the Ways in Which Helping Others Benefits Support Providers

Neal Krause

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter suggests that, for those so inclined, a religious community in which altruism is prescribed might be useful. It discusses the ways in which formal places of worship provide opportunities ... More


Explicating Altruism

Kristen Renwick Monroe

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Empathy, altruism, and agape are not the same phenomenon. Altruism in the laboratory may differ in significant ways from altruism in what we often call the real world. Altruistic behavior does not ... More


Health and the Ecology of Altruism

David Sloan Wilson and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter tests an ecological and evolutionary hypothesis of the fitness of altruists, using the Sloan Study of Youth and Social Development, which includes information on a large sample of ... More


Altruism and Health: Is There a Link During Adolescence?

Peter L. Benson, E. Gil Clary, and Peter C. Scales

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The links between prosocial action and health in adolescence have not been a central area of inquiry in the social sciences. Nevertheless, there is a growing body of literature that provides some ... More


Altruism and Health in HIV

Gail Ironson

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter presents research on altruism and health in the context of people living with AIDS. It begins with a review of the literature on AIDS patients who volunteer to help others with the ... More


What Do Children and Chimpanzees Reveal About Human Altruism?

Felix Warneken

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0073
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews studies on altruistic behavior. Young children engage in helping behaviors and so do chimpanzees. These findings challenge the idea that human altruistic behaviors are due to ... More


Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Stephen G. Post, Lynn G. Underwood, Jeffrey P. Schloss, and William B. Hurlbut (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The concept of altruism, or disinterested concern for another's welfare, has been discussed by everyone from theologians to psychologists to biologists. In this book, evolutionary, neurological, ... More


Patterns and Predictors

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter identifies the outstanding factors that predict rescue among cultural groups, including rescuers, nonrescuers, and bystanders. It suggests attitudes and beliefs that might constitute a ... More


Empathy and Compassion: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Abigail A. Marsh

in Empathy: From Bench to Bedside

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016612
eISBN:
9780262298612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016612.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the association between empathy and neural and psychological forces, as well as a cognitive neuroscience study that focuses on the relationship between empathy and distress ... More


The Very Religious

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the altruistic behavior of very religious rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. These include a nun, a Dutch Protestant male, and a church minister. This chapter compares the very ... More


Protestants

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the altruistic behavior of Protestant rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. It analyzes qualities shared by the Protestant rescuers with other Protestants and how Protestants ... More


Catholics

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the altruistic behavior of Catholic rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. It compares the Catholic rescuers with their Protestant counterparts and the results reveal that Catholics ... More


The Irreligious

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the altruistic behavior of irreligious rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. It compares irreligious rescuers and irreligious nonrescuers including a Dutch rescuer, a Polish rescuer, ... More


The Moderately Religious: The Mildly and Somewhat Religious

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the altruistic behavior of moderately religious rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. The analysis reveals that that the moderately religious constitute a group that is a ... More


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