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Nuclear Electrons and Nuclear Structure

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Serious contradictions to the existence of electrons in nuclei impinged in one way or another on the theory of beta decay and became acute when Charles Ellis and William Wooster proved, in an ... More


Radon In Your Basement

Inge F. Goldstein and Martin Goldstein

in How Much Risk?: A Guide to Understanding Environmental Health Hazards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139945
eISBN:
9780197565476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139945.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

We once saw a science fiction movie in which a monster from outer space is first detected because it sets Geiger counters clicking furiously. We were reminded of that movie by the story of how ... More


Physical Hazards

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Physical hazards involve the release of energy in various forms: 1) noise, the most common and widespread physical hazard, can be continuous noise or impulse that can cause damage to the ear or ... More


What is Quantum Tunneling?

Gershon Kurizki and Goren Gordon

in The Quantum Matrix: Henry Bar's Perilous Struggle for Quantum Coherence

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198787464
eISBN:
9780191829512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787464.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Henry and Eve have been locked behind bars by their captors. Eve recalls that Henry accidentally stepped into the focal area of multiple laser beams and found himself in her office, having gone ... More


An Hourglass of Great Precision

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter takes a historical look at the experiments carried out by Ernest Rutherford to determine the age of the Earth. In 1903, Rutherford performed an experiment in which he separated the alpha ... More


The Nuclear Atom

Frank S. Levin

in Surfing the Quantum World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808275
eISBN:
9780191846014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808275.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Chapter 5 describes how the concept of quantization (discretization) was first applied to atoms. This was done in 1913 by Niels Bohr, using Ernest Rutherford’s paradigm-changing, solar-system model ... More


Basic Radiation Physics

Varut Vardhanabhuti, Julia James, Rosemary Gray, Rehaan Nensey, Vivien Shuen, and Tishi Ninan

in MCQs for the First FRCR

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199584024
eISBN:
9780191917967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199584024.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Regarding atomic structure: ‘Z’ is the number of protons in the nucleus. ‘A’ determines an element’s place in the periodic table. A stable nucleus contains equal numbers of protons and ... More


Nuclear Power Generation

Peter Rez

in The Simple Physics of Energy Use

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198802297
eISBN:
9780191840708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802297.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The primary advantage of nuclear power is that a lot of energy can be generated from very little material—that too with no ongoing CO2 production. The disadvantage is the problem of dealing with ... More


Imaging and Radiation

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0033
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

This chapter explains in simple terms the background physics of imaging using standard X-rays, computed axial tomography (CT), nuclear medicine (including positron ... More


The Nucleus and the Periodic Table: Radioactivity, Atomic Number, and Isotopy

Eric Scerri

in The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190914363
eISBN:
9780197559925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914363.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Theories of the atom were reintroduced into science by John Dalton and were taken up and debated by chemists in the nineteenth century. As noted in preceding chapters, ... More


Photochemistry and Excited-State Reactions of Oxides

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The applied voltages that drive electrochemical processes (see Chapter 11) are only one of many energy sources that can be used to activate reactions in ... More


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