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Conclusion

Andrew D. Brown

in Popular Piety in Late Medieval England: The Diocese of Salisbury 1250-1550

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198205210
eISBN:
9780191676550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205210.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

A broad change in pious practice from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth century appears to present itself. A book that begins with religious houses, proceeds through parishes and guilds, and ... More


Hospitals, Almshouses, and Charity

Andrew D. Brown

in Popular Piety in Late Medieval England: The Diocese of Salisbury 1250-1550

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198205210
eISBN:
9780191676550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205210.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

The clear links between the Trinity hospital, the St George guild, and the town government show that yet another layer should be added to the devotional structures within certain late medieval towns. ... More


Almshouse to Empire: What is ‘Enough’ for Old Age?

Karen Chase

in The Victorians and Old Age

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564361
eISBN:
9780191722592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564361.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Trollope's plots radically revise the protocols of narrative by exchanging the romance of courtship and marriage for the romance of cross-generational friendship. Close attention to charged diction ... More


Child Protection From the Colonial Period to 1875

John E. B. Myers

in Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195169355
eISBN:
9780199893348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169355.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter describes the era before organized child protection, which began in 1875. Prior to that date, many abused and neglected children went without protection, although there was never a time ... More


Child Welfare Policy and Practice in the United States 1950–2000

Martin Guggenheim

in Cross Currents: Family Law and Policy in the US and England

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268208
eISBN:
9780191683442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268208.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Although there has been a foster care system in place in the United States for well over 150 years, for much of that period—up to the 1970s—most children in foster care had been placed there by ... More


Diagnosis, Diagnosis, Diagnosis

James Kelly

in Where Night Is Day: The World of the ICU

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451683
eISBN:
9780801467653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451683.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

In this chapter, the author reflects on the importance of diagnosis in medicine. He first describes almshouses that functioned like hospitals in America before citing one thing that makes the ... More


Freedmen’s Hospitals: The Medical Division of the Freedmen’s Bureau

Jim Downs

in Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199758722
eISBN:
9780190254438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199758722.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on the bureaucracy and administrative hierarchy of the Medical Division of the Freedmen’s Bureau as well as Freedmen’s Hospitals, which were modeled on nineteenth-century asylums ... More


The Landscape of Charity in California:: First Imprints in San Francisco

Marta Gutman

in A City for Children: Women, Architecture, and the Charitable Landscapes of Oakland, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226311289
eISBN:
9780226156156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226156156.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In the chaotic years following the Gold Rush, when homeless children roamed the streets of San Francisco, Protestant and Catholic women built the first imprints in the landscape of charity in the new ... More


Hard Drinking and Want

Matthew Warner Osborn

in Rum Maniacs: Alcoholic Insanity in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226099897
eISBN:
9780226099927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099927.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter three demonstrates that changing medical responses to alcohol abuse developed in a social context of capitalist transformation and economic instability. Developing class distinctions, along ... More


State Paupers and Patients

Ben Mutschler

in The Province of Affliction: Illness and the Making of Early New England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226714424
eISBN:
9780226714561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226714561.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter turns to the “state pauper,” a prominent figure in the province of affliction in late eighteenth-century Massachusetts. The General Court had long provided for sick wanderers with no ... More


Epilogue

Ben Mutschler

in The Province of Affliction: Illness and the Making of Early New England

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226714424
eISBN:
9780226714561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226714561.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The epilogue carries the story into the 1820s. Major changes to poor relief and the opening of the Massachusetts General Hospital (1821) created a new medical landscape in the early national period, ... More


Medical Care and Medical Education, 1750–1825

William G. Rothstein

in American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine: A History

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195041866
eISBN:
9780197559994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195041866.003.0008
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Medical care at the end of the eighteenth century, like that in any period, was determined by the state of medical knowledge and the available types of treatment. Some useful knowledge existed, but ... More


Medical Care and Medical Education, 1825–1860

William G. Rothstein

in American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine: A History

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195041866
eISBN:
9780197559994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195041866.003.0010
Subject:
Education, History of Education

During the early nineteenth century, medical practice became professionalized and medical treatment standardized as medical school training became more popular and medical societies and journals ... More


Ethics

Gervase Rosser

in The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages: Guilds in England 1250-1550

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198201571
eISBN:
9780191779022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201571.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The primary aims of the guilds were ethical. Their foundation, recruitment, and statutes were directed at the moral formation of their members. New ideas on ethics developed after 1100 were ... More


Faith and fortune

Steven Gunn

in Henry VII’s New Men and the Making of Tudor England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199659838
eISBN:
9780191748202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659838.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The rise of Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell and the break with Rome in the 1530s posed new threats to those of the new men still alive. Some were close to Katherine of Aragon, to Princess Mary, or to ... More


Stuck in the Poorhouse: William Fales and the Experience of Institutionalization

Gabriel J. Loiacono

in How Welfare Worked in the Early United States: Five Microhistories

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197515433
eISBN:
9780197515464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515433.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

When Americans think of welfare before the twentieth century, we usually think of the poorhouse. Poorhouses were expensive investments, though, rising and falling in popularity throughout the ... More


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