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The Act Itself

Jonathan Bennett

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The distinction between the consequences of an act and the act itself is supposed to define the fight between consequentialism and deontological moralities. This book, though sympathetic to ... More


Recommendations for Better Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Take seriously the introductory advice by most introductory texts of statistics: graph the data and look at the graph so as to make sure linear regression makes sense from a statistical viewpoint. ... More


An Intervener's Conduct: Humanitarian Intervention and Jus in Bello

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defends the moral importance of an intervener's fidelity to the principles to jus in bello (principles of just conduct in war). It begins by outlining the particular principles of ... More


Threshold Deontology and Its Critique

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.02
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses moderate (or threshold) deontology, its critique, and possible responses. Deontological theories prioritize values such as autonomy, human dignity, and keeping one's promises ... More


Private and Public Morality

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.03
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the claim that even if moderate deontology is the correct moral theory for individuals, consequentialism is the appropriate moral theory for legal policymakers such as ... More


Changing Behaviors

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice: A Cognitive-Integrative Perspective

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110371
eISBN:
9780199865680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter makes the case that taking effective action is a powerful source of information about oneself, providing an internal sense of the self as an actor or a doer. It also asserts that action ... More


Torture and the Balance of Evils

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If (as the last chapter argues) criminal legislation should prima facie aim at prohibiting all and only moral wrongdoing, then the actual reach of the criminal law will depend on the nature of moral ... More


Causation and the Permissibility of Consequentialist Justification within Agent-Relative Morality and the Law

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter combines a legal with a moral thesis. Morality is inseparable from law here because the open-ended legal provisions on necessity and balance of evils simply reference whatever morality ... More


Pruning the Law's Demands on a Concept of Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter seeks to prune the presuppositions laid bare in Chapter 5 to a more manageable list, a list also intended to be at least plausible in its metaphysics. It discards any supposed ... More


The Superfluity of Accomplice Liability

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter raises the question of what should become of the criminal law doctrines of accomplice liability once the supposition on which those doctrines are based — that of intervening causation — ... More


From Impersonality to Interpersonality: Alternative Conceptions of Impartiality

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sharpens Williams' second challenge to consequentialism, and harnesses it to counter one of the most influential rationales offered in support of consequentialism: the impartiality ... More


Euthanasia: The Way We do It, the Way They do It

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Because we tend to be rather myopic in our discussions of death and dying, especially about the issues of active euthanasia and assisted suicide, it is valuable to place the question of how we go ... More


Intention, Harm, and the Possibility of a Unified Theory

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of Warren Quinn's primary aims in his writings on normative theory is to justify revisionist versions of nonconsequentialist doctrines that draw moral distinctions between doing and allowing harm ... More


Without Constraints

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Given the difficulties surrounding the attempt to defend constraints, we need to reconsider the possibility of defending options without assuming the existence of constraints. A view that ... More


Killing and Letting Die

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the moral relevance of a distinction between killing and letting die, which distinction is sometimes morally critical, as shown in the difference between killing one to save five and ... More


Morality, Action, and Outcome

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay is an expansion and refinement of the key ideas and distinctions that Foot advances in ‘Killing and Letting Die’ (V.). Here, she defends two morally relevant distinctions: firstly, that ... More


Between Some Rocks and Some Hard Places: On Causing and Preventing Serious Loss

Peter Unger

in Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108590
eISBN:
9780199868261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108590.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The distortional psychological tendencies that promote misleading responses to moral cases not linked to lessening distant suffering are difficult to identify given the complexities in accounting for ... More


Making/Allowing

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The ground is cleared for an analysis of the distinction between making something happen and allowing it to happen. Warnings are given against undue attention to superficial verbal niceties of ... More


Moral Significance

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The making/allowing distinction tends to be accompanied by three other considerations that do have moral significance: ease of avoidance, motive, and knowability of consequences. Much discussion of ... More


Positive/Negative

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyses making/allowing in terms of positive/negative: you allow something to happen if an explanation of its happening requires only a negative fact about your behaviour. A negative ... More


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