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Respirometric Data Analysis and Presentation

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter discusses ways of analyzing and presenting metabolic data while avoiding common mistakes. Topics covered include vital information often omitted from manuscripts; how to analyze the ... More


Sexual size dimorphism: patterns and processes

Martín Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, and Tamás Székely

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Odonates provide excellent model organisms for testing functional explanations of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) because of their wide variety of habitats, morphology, development, feeding behaviour, ... More


Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Shrub-Dominated Ecosystems

Donald R. Young

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Shrublands pose particularly difficult challenges for primary production measurement because of the complex structure of the vegetation. Classical approaches are described, including dimension ... More


Estimating Net Primary Production of Salt Marsh Macrophytes

James T. Morris

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Salt marshes dominate the intertidal zone in temperate latitudes and present some unique features pertaining to measurement of primary production. Several destructive harvest and non-destructive ... More


Size-based analyses of aquatic food webs

Simon Jennings

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents size-based analyses of aquatic food webs, where body size rather than species identity is the principle descriptor of an individual's role in the food web, provides insights ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in birds

Tamás Székely, Terje Lislevand, and Jordi Figuerola

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Birds provide excellent model organisms for testing functional explanations of sexual size dimorphism (SSD), since many species are exceptionally well-studied in nature. This chapter reviews four ... More


The evolution of sexual size dimorphism in reptiles

Robert M. Cox, Marguerite A. Butler, and Henry B. John-Alder

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Most studies interpret reptilian sexual size dimorphism (SSD) as a means to reducing resource competition by way of sexual selection, fecundity selection, and natural selection. This chapter assesses ... More


Rensch's rule in insects: patterns among and within species

Wolf U. Blanckenhorn, Rudolf Meier, and Tiit Teder

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Rensch's rule is a common pattern of allometry for sexual size dimorphism among animal species. This chapter evaluates Rensch's rule in insects, using three levels of analysis. When comparisons are ... More


Sexual size dimorphism in spiders: patterns and processes

Matthias W. Foellmer and Jordi Moya-Laraño

in Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208784
eISBN:
9780191709036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter uses data for 489 spider species from fifteen families to describe patterns of variation in sexual size dimorphism (SSD), and to evaluate hypotheses explaining these patterns. The ... More


Deletion

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Deletion, or trait loss, may seem a step backward rather than a step toward something new. Goldschmidt (1940) emphasized the regressive aspect of deletion ... More


Cross-sexual Transfer

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0021
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Distinctive male and female traits are perhaps the most familiar of all divergent specializations within species. In cross-sexual transfer, discrete traits ... More


Ecology, Phenotype, and Character Evolution in Bluegill Sunfish: A Population Comparative Approach

Timothy J. Ehlinger

in Geographic Variation in Behavior: Perspectives on Evolutionary Mechanisms

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082951
eISBN:
9780197560440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082951.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Evolutionary ecology explores the intimate relationships between the mechanisms responsible for the production and maintenance of organismal form and the ecological ... More


Structure: How Genotypes, Traits, Strategies, and Environment Interact

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our ability to predict the dynamics of evolution depends critically on its underlying genetic and environmental structure. The structure is defined by the ways that traits map onto fitness. The ... More


Scale: The Dimensions of Evolution

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Space and time represent two of the many dimensions specifying the scale of evolutionary change. Scale adds yet another intimidating level in attempts to thoroughly understand evolution, and even ... More


Nests, Eggs, and Incubation: New ideas about avian reproduction

D. Charles Deeming and S. James Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198718666
eISBN:
9780191788086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718666.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Avian incubation is a critical part of reproduction. This new book covers four key areas: nest, eggs, incubation, and the study of avian reproduction. After an initial introduction about incubation ... More


Data Analysis and Presentation

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter discusses ways of analyzing and presenting metabolic data while avoiding common mistakes. Topics covered include vital information often omitted from manuscripts; how to analyze the ... More


Scaling

Graham K. Taylor and Adrian L. R. Thomas

in Evolutionary Biomechanics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

This chapter explores the ubiquitous phenomenon of scaling in biology through the lenses of biomechanics and statistics. Pragmatic approaches to answering questions in comparative biology often ... More


Production at the Individual Level

Michael J. Fogarty and Jeremy S. Collie

in Fishery Ecosystem Dynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198768937
eISBN:
9780191822209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768937.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Models of individual growth commonly used in fisheries and ecological research can be built around simple allometric functions representing the build-up of body mass (anabolism) and metabolic loss ... More


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