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In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


When the Immune System Is the Problem, Not the Solution: Hypersensitivity and Allergy

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

As scientists looked ever more closely at the immune system during the first half of the 20th century, it became apparent that in a number of situations exposure to a foreign antigen did not lead to ... More


Carpet Monsters

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explains how mold spores can cause allergies. Spores carry proteins on their surface, and those that act as antigens can cause a cascade of immune responses resulting in the miseries of ... More


Resuscitation and Transfer

Caroline Whymark, Ross Junkin, and Judith Ramsey

in SBAs for the Final FRCA

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198803294
eISBN:
9780191917172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803294.003.0007
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Uninvited Guests

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Black molds feed by secreting enzymes that dissolve complex molecules, like cellulose, as their filamentous hyphae insinuate themselves in their food sources. Many of the molds that grow in buildings ... More


Immunology and Allergy

Nigel Lane, Louise Powter, and Sam Patel (eds)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199680269
eISBN:
9780191918360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680269.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


The Possibility of Illness from Pigeon Allergens

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0023
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In a footnote in Darwin on Man, it was suggested that Charles Darwin may have become ill because of “a severe allergy, possibly to pigeons, with which Darwin associated much”. However, there is no ... More


Messages from Islands: A Global Biodiversity Tour

Ilkka Hanski

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406305
eISBN:
9780226406589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406589.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

From a small island in the Baltic Sea to the large tropical islands of Borneo and Madagascar, this book is a global tour of these natural, water-bound laboratories. The book draws upon the many ... More


The Problem with Peanuts

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter highlights the role of the peanut in making food allergy respectable. More than any other food allergen, peanuts became synonymous with food allergy and the subject of grassroots ... More


People, Parasites, and Plowshares: Learning From Our Body's Most Terrifying Invaders

Dickson Despommier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161947
eISBN:
9780231535267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161947.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This account of the biology, behavior, and history of parasites follows the interplay between these fascinating life forms and human society over thousands of years. The book focuses on long-term ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter begins with a discussion of the lack of medical interest and the paucity of research on the rise of allergy and other immune dysfunctions. It argues that rather than thinking ... More


Controversial Syndromes and Their Relationship to Fibromyalgia

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0022
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

Over the years, a variety of health professionals have developed terms or phrases to denote seemingly unique clinical combinations of symptoms and signs. A ... More


Pancreatic Cancer

Anders Ekbom and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer of the pancreas is slightly more common among men than women. Survival rarely exceeds six months. Trends in pancreatic cancer incidence in developed countries are slightly declining. The ... More


A life course approach to respiratory and allergic diseases

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the independent and combined effects of perinatal or childhood exposures and adult lifestyle on the development of both allergic and non-allergic lung disease. Topics discussed ... More


Parents’ perceptions of their child’s health

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks at a study of several parental concerns related to their child's health. The study showed that 2.8% of the children were considered food intolerant. A report of food intolerance in ... More


Local anaesthesia for children

J.G. Meechan and G. Jackson

in Paediatric Dentistry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198789277
eISBN:
9780191917103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789277.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

A child’s future perceptions and expectations are likely to be conditioned by early experiences of dental treatment. Just under half of all children report low to ... More


Introduction: “Witchcraft, A Fad, or A Racket?”

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This introductory chapter begins with a review of some contemporary statistics about food allergy. Food allergies, for instance, occur when the immune system overreacts to proteins found in food. ... More


Food Allergy Before Allergy

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines how physicians in previous centuries came to understand and explain the bizarre symptoms that some people experienced after eating particular foods. Rather than attempting to ... More


Anaphylaxis, Allergy, and the Food Factor in Disease

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter charts the emergence of allergy as a specific field of medical inquiry in the early years of the twentieth century. It considers debates about food allergy, which could be distilled to ... More


Strangest of All Maladies

Matthew Smith

in Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164849
eISBN:
9780231539197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164849.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the excitement and controversy generated by clinical and popular interest in food allergy during the first several decades of the twentieth century. It became apparent that ... More


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