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Endophytes and Host-Plant Herbivore Relationships

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Perhaps the most well-studied attribute of endophyte-infected grasses is their ability to produce alkaloids. These endophytic alkaloids fall into four general classes: 1) pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids; ... More


Community and Ecosystem Consequences of Grass Endophytes

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their minute biomass relative to other species, endophytes have the potential to have profound effects on community structure and diversity and ecosystem functions. For agronomic grasses, ... More


The Main Classes of NPs—Only a Few Pathways Lead to the Majority of NPs

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the biochemical pathways to Natural Products (NPs). About 60% of the known NP diversity comes from one ancient pathway (the isoprenoids or terpenoids), another 30% comes from ... More


Why is the World Green?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Viewed from space by human eyes, the predominant colours of our planet are the blue of the oceans and the white of the clouds. The blue of the oceans forms the subject ... More


Plant-Herbivore Interactions

Denise Dealing

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0021
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The alpine provides a tremendous opportunity for studying plant-herbivore interactions at the population, community, and ecosystem levels. For herbivores, ... More


Oxidation

Eric D. Nacsa and Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Huanfeng Jiang at the South China University of Technology developed (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 5286) the palladium-catalyzed dehydrogenative aminohalogenation of ... More


Hallucinogens: Magic Mushrooms, Ayahuasca, Mescal Buttons, and Dr. Hofmann’s Problem Child

Jerrold Winter

in Our Love Affair with Drugs: The History, the Science, the Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190051464
eISBN:
9780197559451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051464.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

There are about 400,000 species of plants in this world. Only a small fraction, perhaps 100 in number, contain hallucinogenic chemicals. Nearly a century ago, Lewis ... More


Functional Group Protection: The Pohl Synthesis of β-1,4-Mannuronate Oligomers

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

D. Srinivasa Reddy of the National Chemical Laboratory converted (Org. Lett. 2015, 17, 2090) the selenide 1 to the alkene 2 under ozonolysis conditions. Takamitsu ... More


Selective Functionalization of C–H Bonds

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0019
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Jianhui Huang and Kang Zhao of Tianjin University devised (Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 1211) a protocol for the oxidation of a terminal alkene 1 to the valuable ... More


C–H Functionalization: The Maimone Synthesis of Podophyllotoxin

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0021
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Matthias Beller of the Universität Rostock developed (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 6477) a Rh catalyst for the acceptorless dehydrogenation of an alkane 1 to the ... More


C–C Bond Construction: The Kingsbury Synthesis of (−)-Dihydrocuscohygrine

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0024
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Akio Baba of Osaka University combined (Chem. Lett. 2013, 42, 1551) reduction of the acid 1 with subsequent condensation with the ketene silyl acetal 2 to directly ... More


Reactions of Alkenes: The Usami Synthesis of (−)-Pericosine E

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0030
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Dasheng Leow of the National Tsing Hua University used (Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2014, 7347) photolysis to activate the air oxidation of hydrazine to generate diimide, that ... More


Construction of Single Stereocenters

Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0031
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Haifeng Du at the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 6810) the borane-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of imine 1 to 2 using the ... More


Enantioselective Synthesis of Alcohols and Amines: The Kim Synthesis of (+)-Frontalin

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0033
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Vlada B. Urlacher of the Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf showed (Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 4089) that the P450 monooxygenase CYP154A8 from Nocardia farcinica could ... More


Construction of Multiple Stereocenters

Léa Benkoski and Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0039
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Erick M. Carreira at ETH Zürich reported (Science 2013, 340, 1065) the enantiose­lective α-allylation of aldehyde 1 with alcohol 2 to produce 3 using a dual catalytic ... More


Arrays of Stereogenic Centers: The Thomson Synthesis of (−)-Galactin

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0041
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Hisashi Yamamoto of the University of Chicago and Chubu University developed (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 1222) a tungsten catalyst for the enantioselective ... More


C–O Ring Formation

Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0044
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The enantioselective bromocyclization of dicarbonyl 1 to form dihydrofuran 3 using thiocarbamate catalyst 2 was developed (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 8597) by ... More


C–O Ring Construction: The Oger/Lee/Galano Synthesis of 7(RS)-ST-Δ8-11-dihomo-Isofuran

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0047
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Shaorong Yang and Huanfeng Jiang of the South China University of Technology assembled (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 7219) the β-lactone 3 by the Pd-catalyzed ... More


Total Synthesis of C–O Natural Products

Tristan H. Lambert

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0049
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Weiping Tang at the University of Wisconsin, Madison reported (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 12434) the total synthesis of the tropone-containing norditerpenes ... More


C–N Ring Construction: The Weinreb Synthesis of Myrioneurinol

Douglass F. Taber

in Organic Synthesis: State of the Art, 2013-2015

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190646165
eISBN:
9780197559734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190646165.003.0055
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Terminal epoxides such as 1 are readily available in high enantiomeric excess. Christopher D. Bray of Queen Mary University of London observed (Tetrahedron Lett. 2014, ... More


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