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Endophytes and Host-Plant Herbivore Relationships

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Perhaps the most well-studied attribute of endophyte-infected grasses is their ability to produce alkaloids. These endophytic alkaloids fall into four general classes: 1) pyrrolopyrazine alkaloids; ... More


Community and Ecosystem Consequences of Grass Endophytes

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their minute biomass relative to other species, endophytes have the potential to have profound effects on community structure and diversity and ecosystem functions. For agronomic grasses, ... More


The Main Classes of NPs—Only a Few Pathways Lead to the Majority of NPs

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the biochemical pathways to Natural Products (NPs). About 60% of the known NP diversity comes from one ancient pathway (the isoprenoids or terpenoids), another 30% comes from ... More


A Nation Mobilizes

Frank M. Snowden

in The Conquest of Malaria: Italy, 1900-1962

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108996
eISBN:
9780300128437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108996.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the Italian crusade against malaria in 1904, which involved a close partnership among the state, local governments, and the medical profession. The central government purchased ... More


God’s Medicine Chest

Robert A. Voeks

in The Ethnobotany of Eden: Rethinking the Jungle Medicine Narrative

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226547718
eISBN:
9780226547855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226547855.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The tropical forests of Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas have long constituted more myth and metaphor than reality in the minds of Westerners. Among these, none has proved more compelling in ... More


Take Madagascar Periwinkle for Leukemia and Pennywort for Leprosy

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter One reconsiders a key case in biopiracy debates, Eli Lilly’s discovery of leukemia treatments from rosy periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). It contrasts periwinkle with pennywort (Centella ... More


Take Bitter Roots for Malaria

Abena Dove Osseo-Asare

in Bitter Roots: The Search for Healing Plants in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226085524
eISBN:
9780226086163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226086163.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ghanaian scientists and healers vied for rights to a promising treatment for drug-resistant malaria, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta. During the colonial period, healers developed therapies for malaria ... More


Chemical defences

Edward E. Farmer

in Leaf Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199671441
eISBN:
9780191779626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671441.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

How does chemical diversity arise in plants, and are there general patterns in the way defence chemicals work within the bodies of herbivores? The chapter begins by discussing the evolution of ... More


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