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Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This text is an updated English version of a class-tested textbook originally published in Chinese in 2006. Its contents are based on the lecture notes of several courses taught by the authors at The ... More


Past and Present Management of Alfalfa Bees

Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There is a long history of the use of alfalfa by humans, including the intentional introduction of this forage crop from Eurasia to other continents. For producing alfalfa seeds, the management ... More


Structural Chemistry of Alkali and Alkaline-Earth Metals

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the structural chemistry of Groups 1 and 2 elements, except hydrogen. For Group 1 metals, special attention is paid to the oxides, lithium nitride, inorganic alkali metal ... More


Other heteronuclear diatomic molecules: polar covalent bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the structures of 25 heteronuclear, singly bonded diatomic molecules formed by combination of hydrogen, halogen, or alkali metal atoms (HX, HM, XX', or MM') in terms of their ... More


Experimental studies of momentum density in metals and alloys

N. Shiotani

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter provides a full review and evaluation of work on: alkali metals and their alloys; beryllium, aluminium and its alloys, silicon, 3d transition metals, their alloys and compounds, and ... More


TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT IONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the study of transport properties of several different positive ions in superfluid helium. In addition to alkali and alkaline-earth ions, the still unsolved problem of the ... More


Gaseous alkali metal halides: ionic bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The evaporation of an alkali metal halide (MX) yields a mixture of monomers and smaller amounts of dimers, trimers, and tetramers. This chapter describes the monomers in terms of their electric ... More


Catalysing Chemical Correspondence: James Watt and the Case of Joseph Black and James Keir

Kristen M. Schranz

in James Watt (1736-1819): Culture, Innovation and Enlightenment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781789620818
eISBN:
9781789629767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620818.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

James Watt has already been established as a competent eighteenth-century chemist. His role as a chemical correspondent, however, has not been examined adequately. This chapter argues that through ... More


Resemioticization of Periodicity: A Social Semiotic Perspective

Yu Liu

in Mendeleev to Oganesson: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Periodic Table

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190668532
eISBN:
9780197559765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190668532.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Chemical periodicity is arguably one of the most important ideas in science, and it has profoundly influenced the development of both modern chemistry and physics ... More


Hypotheses and analogy

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Locke believed hypotheses and analogical reasoning play a minor role in natural philosophical method and that this view is consistent with that of the proponents of the ... More


Environmental Justice: The Mercury Connection

Jerome Nriagu, Niladri Basu, and Simone Charles

in Mercury in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271630
eISBN:
9780520951396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For many communities, exposure to mercury through fish consumption is an exemplary case of environmental injustice. Groups that rely on fishing for food, cultural identity, spiritual wellbeing, or ... More


Melting Ice Rivers

Cheryl Colopy

in Dirty, Sacred Rivers: Confronting South Asia's Water Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199845019
eISBN:
9780197563212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199845019.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Management of Land and Natural Resources

From a remote outpost of global warming, a summons crackles over a two-way radio several times a week: . . . Kathmandu, Tsho Rolpa! Babar Mahal, Tsho Rolpa! Kathmandu, ... More


The Electron Density and the Lattice Energy of Crystals

Philip Coppens

in X-Ray Charge Densities and Chemical Bonding

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195098235
eISBN:
9780197560877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195098235.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The total energy of a quantum-mechanical system can be written as the sum of its kinetic energy T, Coulombic energy ECoui and exchange and electron correlation ... More


Electron Transport Properties

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In GICs, charge transfer between graphite and intercalate produces a large concentration of charge carriers, featuring an electron or hole nature in donor or acceptor ... More


Mojave Desert Scrub Vegetation

Todd Keeler-Wolf

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Mojave Desert scrub vegetation includes all the shrub and woodland vegetation of the Mojave Desert Region below the cool desert zone. This chapter reviews the classification of Mojave Desert scrub ... More


Colorado Desert Vegetation

Allan A. Schoenherr and Jack H. Burk

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The Colorado Desert of California represents the northwesternmost portion of the Sonoran Desert, which extends into Arizona, Baja California, and Sonora. This chapter describes the types of ... More


Give and Take: Neutralization

Peter Atkins

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The almost infinite can spring from the almost infinitesimal. Two almost infinitesimally small fundamental particles are of considerable interest to ... More


When a Daring Chemistry Meets a Boring Chemistry: The Reception of Mendeleev’s Periodic System in Sweden

Anders Lundgren

in Early Responses to the Periodic System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190200077
eISBN:
9780197559468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190200077.003.0017
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

The reception of Mendeleev’s periodic system in Sweden was not a dramatic episode. The system was accepted almost without discussion, but at the same time ... More


Robert Boyle’s Corpuscular Chemistry: Atomism before Its Time

Alan Chalmers

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

In her important and pioneering work on Robert Boyle’s contributions to chemistry Marie Boas Hall (Boas 1958; and Hall 1965, 81–93) portrayed Boyle’s ... More


Alkali atoms and laser cooling

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter starts with the spectrum of alkali atoms, which have a very similar electronic structure to hydrogen. It describes the hyperfine structure of alkali atoms in the context of the ... More


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