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Hohlraum targets

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Hohlraum targets are a special class of ICF targets, in which capsule ablation is driven by the thermal radiation inside a cavity, the so-called hohlraum. In this scheme, the laser or ion beams do ... More


Effects of Continents and Supercontinents on Climate

John J. W. Rogers and M. Santosh

in Continents and Supercontinents

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165890
eISBN:
9780197562147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165890.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

Continents affect the earth’s climate because they modify global wind patterns, control the paths of ocean currents, and absorb less heat than seawater. Throughout ... More


Water and Energy Balances within the Jornada Basin

Vincent P. Gutschick and Keirith A. Snyder

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This chapter describes general characteristics and components of the energy and water balances in arid regions, with specific examples from the Jornada Basin. Various ... More


Milankovitch Cyclicity In The Stratigraphic Record— A Review

S.B. Kelly and J.M. Cubitt

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

The Milankovitch or astronomical theory of paleoclimates relates climatic variation to the amount of solar energy available at the Earth's surface. The theory helps ... More


The Kinematics Of Paleo Landforms

R.G. Craig

in Computers in Geology - 25 Years of Progress

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195085938
eISBN:
9780197560525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195085938.003.0028
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Reconstructions of past, climates and other applications of global models require specification of landforms arid geomorphic systems as boundary conditions. As general ... More


Primordial Climate

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

We are lucky, on Earth. We are lucky because we—as complex and self-aware organisms—are here. We are sustained, given air to breathe, and water, and food, by a very ... More


The Future: 10 Challenges for Sustainability

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in Sustainability: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199372409
eISBN:
9780197562932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372409.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Growing concerns about climate-change pollutants, the widening gap between the rich and the poor, resource shortages, and the world’s gamut of ecological problems have ... More


Satellite Remote Sensing of Cirrus

Patrick Minnis

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The determination of cirrus properties over large spatial and temporal scales will, in most instances, require the use of satellite data. Global coverage at ... More


Structural and Optical Properties of Cirrus from LIRAD-type Observations

C. Martin R. Platt

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The problem of cirrus clouds, their formation and interactions with solar and infrared (IR) radiation, has been studied over the past two or three decades. ... More


Climate and Hydrologic Variations and Implications for Lake and Stream Ecological Response in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica

Kathleen A. Welch and W. Berry Lyons

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Because polar regions may amplify what would be considered small to moderate climate changes at lower latitudes, Weller (1998) proposed that the monitoring ... More


Interdecadal-Scale Variability: An Assessment of LTER Climate Data

Maurice J. McHugh and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Interdecadal-scale climate variability must be considered when interpreting climatic trends at local, regional, or global scales. Significant amounts of ... More


Climate

Jeffrey C. Rogers and Julie A. Winkler

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

Public awareness of climate and its societal impact has substantially increased in the recent decade. An extraordinarily persistent El Niño from 1992–5 ... More


Mathematical Models and Quantitative Methods

David R. Legates and Sucharita Gopal

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0039
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

Although the use of mathematical models and quantitative methods in geography accelerated in earnest with the development of quantitative geography and ... More


Influence of supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, solar flares, and cosmic rays on the terrestrial environment

Arnon Dar

in Global Catastrophic Risks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570509
eISBN:
9780191918100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Changes in the solar neighbourhood due to the motion of the sun in the Galaxy, solar evolution, and Galactic stellar evolution influence the terrestrial ... More


Nanotechnology as global catastrophic risk

Chris Phoenix and Mike Treder

in Global Catastrophic Risks

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198570509
eISBN:
9780191918100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198570509.003.0028
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The word ‘nanotechnology’ covers a broad range of scientific and technical disciplines. Fortunately, it will not be necessary to consider each separately ... More


Soil, Water, Sunshine, and the Concept of Terroir

Alex Maltman

in Vineyards, Rocks, and Soils: The Wine Lover's Guide to Geology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190863289
eISBN:
9780197559871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190863289.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

If we look at a vineyard, it’s very tempting to assume that what we see at the surface simply continues on downward. Maybe it does, but most soils vary with depth, and ... More


Summary

Eelco J. Rohling

in The Climate Question: Natural Cycles, Human Impact, Future Outlook

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190910877
eISBN:
9780197559918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910877.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Several independent series of observations demonstrate that there has been about 1°C of warming since the start of the industrial revolution. We discussed that there ... More


Interacting Species in Identical Reservoirs

James C. G. Walker

in Numerical Adventures with Geochemical Cycles

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195045208
eISBN:
9780197560020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195045208.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

In Chapter 7 I showed how much computational effort could be avoided in a system consisting of a chain of identical equations each coupled just to its neighboring ... More


Climate: A Chain of Identical Reservoirs

James C. G. Walker

in Numerical Adventures with Geochemical Cycles

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195045208
eISBN:
9780197560020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195045208.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

One class of important problems involves diffusion in a single spatial dimension, for example, height profiles of reactive constituents in a turbulently mixing ... More


Ice surface environments

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on ice shelves, supraglacial habitats (snow, supraglacial lakes, cryoconites holes), and other debris habitats including the ice margin. It discusses the nature of mat ... More


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