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Meltdown: The Earth Without Glaciers

Jorge Daniel Taillant

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190080327
eISBN:
9780197578049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080327.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Climate change is happening all around us, and one of the telltale signs is melting glaciers. We hear about it almost daily, pieces of ice the size of continents breaking off of Antarctica or the ... More


Hohlraum targets

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Hohlraum targets are a special class of ICF targets, in which capsule ablation is driven by the thermal radiation inside a cavity, the so-called hohlraum. In this scheme, the laser or ion beams do ... More


Glaciers Are White, Oceans Are Blue, the Earth Is Warming, and So Are You!

Jorge Daniel Taillant

in Meltdown: The Earth Without Glaciers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190080327
eISBN:
9780197578049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080327.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the critical role glaciers play in reflecting solar heat back into space and how the melting of glaciers reveals darker land and water surfaces that leads to surface heat ... More


Summary

Eelco J. Rohling

in The Climate Question: Natural Cycles, Human Impact, Future Outlook

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190910877
eISBN:
9780197559918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190910877.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Several independent series of observations demonstrate that there has been about 1°C of warming since the start of the industrial revolution. We discussed that there is some variability in solar ... More


Ice surface environments

Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Tranter Martyn, and Hodson Andrew J.

in The Ecology of Snow and Ice Environments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199583072
eISBN:
9780191774669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583072.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on ice shelves, supraglacial habitats (snow, supraglacial lakes, cryoconites holes), and other debris habitats including the ice margin. It discusses the nature of mat ... More


Current Understanding and Quantification of Clouds in the Changing Climate System and Strategies for Reducing Critical Uncertainties

Rapporteur Johannes Quaas, Sandrine Bony, William D. Collins, Leo Donner, Anthony Illingworth, Andy Jones, Ulrike Lohmann, Masaki Satoh, Stephen E. Schwartz, Wei-Kuo Tao, and Robert Wood

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0024
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter emphasizes the apparent lack of progress in quantifying feedbacks between clouds and climate. It examines cloud aspects critical for quantifying aerosol indirect effects, which include ... More


Temporal and Spatial Variability of Clouds and Related Aerosols: Theodore L. Anderson, Rapporteur

Andrew Ackerman, Dennis L. Hartmann, George A. Isaac, Stefan Kinne, Hirohiko Masunaga, Joel R. Norris, Ulrich Pöschl, Ulrich Pöschl, K. Sebastian Schmidt, Anthony Slingo, and Anthony Yukari N.

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines aerosol–cloud relationships, focusing on the temporal and spatial variability of clouds and aerosols. It first describes the strategies for separating aerosol and meteorological ... More


Climate Change: The Uncertainties, the Certainties, and What They Imply About Action

Thomas C. Schelling

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses the following aspects of global warming: the uncertainties, the certainties, the urgencies, and finally, what uncertainties imply about waiting for their resolution before ... More


Climate

Jeffrey C. Rogers, Julie A. Winkler, David R. Legates, and Linda O. Mearns

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

Public awareness of climate and its societal impact has substantially increased in the recent decade. An extraordinarily persistent El Niño from 1992–5 followed by another strong event in 1997–8 ... More


Mathematical Models and Quantitative Methods

David R. Legates, Sucharita Gopal, and Peter Rogerson

in Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198233923
eISBN:
9780191917707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198233923.003.0039
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Regional Geography

Although the use of mathematical models and quantitative methods in geography accelerated in earnest with the development of quantitative geography and regional science in the late 1950s, such ... More


Water and Energy Balances within the Jornada Basin

Vincent P. Gutschick and Keirith A. Snyder

in Structure and Function of a Chihuahuan Desert Ecosystem: The Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Site

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117769
eISBN:
9780197561201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117769.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This chapter describes general characteristics and components of the energy and water balances in arid regions, with specific examples from the Jornada Basin. Various research efforts to ... More


Primordial Climate

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

We are lucky, on Earth. We are lucky because we—as complex and self-aware organisms—are here. We are sustained, given air to breathe, and water, and food, by a very ancient planet: a planet past ... More


The Future: 10 Challenges for Sustainability

Jeremy L. Caradonna

in Sustainability: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199372409
eISBN:
9780197562932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199372409.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Growing concerns about climate-change pollutants, the widening gap between the rich and the poor, resource shortages, and the world’s gamut of ecological problems have placed new pressures on ... More


Basic Solar and Planetary Properties

Kelly Chance and Randall V. Martin

in Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199662104
eISBN:
9780191748370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199662104.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Basic properties of the Sun, the Earth and its atmosphere, other solar system atmospheres, and extrasolar planetary atmospheres are introduced here to provide background and context for the detailed ... More


Radiative Transfer

Kelly Chance and Randall V. Martin

in Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199662104
eISBN:
9780191748370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199662104.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Radiative transfer is the process of energy transfer during the propagation of electromagnetic radiation through a medium. The processes of extinction, due to absorption and scattering, and thermal ... More


Modeling Radiative Transfer

Kelly Chance and Randall V. Martin

in Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199662104
eISBN:
9780191748370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199662104.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Basic concepts and definitions of radiative transfer modeling are introduced. The applicability of single scattering to aerosol retrievals is demonstrated. A two-stream formulation of radiative ... More


Satellite Remote Sensing of Cirrus

Patrick Minnis

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The determination of cirrus properties over large spatial and temporal scales will, in most instances, require the use of satellite data. Global coverage at resolutions as fine as several meters ... More


Structural and Optical Properties of Cirrus from LIRAD-type Observations

C. Martin R. Platt

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The problem of cirrus clouds, their formation and interactions with solar and infrared (IR) radiation, has been studied over the past two or three decades. Considerable progress has been made over ... More


Climate and Hydrologic Variations and Implications for Lake and Stream Ecological Response in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica

Kathleen A. Welch and W. Berry Lyons

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Because polar regions may amplify what would be considered small to moderate climate changes at lower latitudes, Weller (1998) proposed that the monitoring of high latitude regions should yield ... More


Interdecadal-Scale Variability: An Assessment of LTER Climate Data

Maurice J. McHugh and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Interdecadal-scale climate variability must be considered when interpreting climatic trends at local, regional, or global scales. Significant amounts of variance are found at interdecadal ... More


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