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Divisions of Epistemic Labour: Some Remarks on the History of Fideism and Esotericism

Robert Pasnau

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Who can know? Who can merely believe on faith? Who should be kept in the dark entirely? This chapter considers various episodes from the history of philosophy—Locke, Aquinas, Averroes, Maimonides, ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


The Avicennan Heritage

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Prior to Avicenna, philosophy in Arabic-speaking lands was identified with a Neoplatonized Aristotelianism; however, after him it was Avicenna’s philosophical vision that came to dominate, which ... More


Soft Natural Law

Anver M. Emon

in Islamic Natural Law Theories

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579006
eISBN:
9780191722639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579006.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

This chapter explores how Voluntarist jurists, who rejected Hard Natural Law, nonetheless developed their own natural law theory by fusing fact and value, but nonetheless upheld their voluntarist ... More


Introduction

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Earlier Western researchers have often assumed that the history of Arabic-Islamic philosophy ended with Averroes at the turn to the 13th century and that al-Ghazali’s critique of philosophy in his ... More


A Life between Public and Private Instruction: Al-Ghazālī’s Biography

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Reviewing the early sources on al-Ghazali’s life and comparing them with information that he himself gives in his Persian letters leads to the conclusion that he was born around 1056, roughly two ... More


Al-Ghazālī’s Most Influential Students and Early Followers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali was the most influential writer about religious and philosophical subject during the 12th century in Islam. Every author of this period had to address his work, and in the most cases that ... More


“No Necessary Connection”: The Medieval Roots of the Occasionalist Roots of Humen

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A number of philosophers, from the medieval period on (some of whom were occasionalists), have argued that a central feature of causal relations is a necessary connection between cause and effect. ... More


Ghazālī and Others on Hospitality

Mona Siddiqui

in Hospitality and Islam: Welcoming in God's Name

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300211863
eISBN:
9780300216028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300211863.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the views of Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī, a Sunnī Muslim scholar, mystic, jurist and theologian of the medieval world, about eating and hospitality. It begins with an overview of the ... More


Teaching Islam, Teaching Islamic Mysticism

David Cook

in Teaching Mysticism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199751198
eISBN:
9780199918782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751198.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins by noting that teaching “Islamic Mysticism” is problematic on several fronts. Any pedagogical strategy would do well to begin with identifying how the term mysticism can be ... More


Festivities, Reform, and Tension in Tradition

Julian Johansen

in Sufism and Islamic Reform in Egypt: The Battle for Islamic Tradition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267577
eISBN:
9780191683305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267577.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Arabic mawlid denotes the general celebrations at the actual or supposed birthdate of a Saint. It is one of the most immediate and outwardly obvious of the controversial issues which is ... More


Ibn Sina's Remarks and Admonitions: Physics and Metaphysics: An Analysis and Annotated Translation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166164
eISBN:
9780231537421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166164.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Al-Ishārāt wal-Tanbīhāt (Remarks and Admonitions) is one of the most mature and comprehensive philosophical works by Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980–1037). Grounded in an exploration of logic (which Ibn Sina ... More


Natural Law: A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Anver M. Emon, Matthew Levering, and David Novak

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198706601
eISBN:
9780191778469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706601.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Judaism

This book critically and constructively explores the resources offered for natural law doctrine by classical thinkers from three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. The book is a trialogue ... More


IN DEFENCE OF SUNNISM: AL-GHAZĀLĪ AND THE SELJUQS

Massimo Campanini

in The Seljuqs: Politics, Society and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639946
eISBN:
9780748653294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639946.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter attempts to place al-Ghazālī's political thought in the context of the Seljuq sultanate and the late Abbasid caliphate, based on the two premises: that al-Ghazālī's political thought is ... More


A Philosophical-Theologian's Journey

David B. Burrell

in Christian Lives Given to the Study of Islam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243198
eISBN:
9780823243235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243198.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Burrell's life is interwoven with the University of Notre Dame, the Congregation of the Holy Cross and experience of teaching in America, Bangladesh, Israel and Uganda. Under the guidance of ... More


The Way(s) of Salvation: The Function of the Law in John Calvin and Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali

Joshua Ralston

in Comparing Faithfully: Insights for Systematic Theological Reflection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780823274666
eISBN:
9780823274710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823274666.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Joshua Ralston observes that the Christian tendency to place law in an oppositional relationship to love, grace, and/or the gospel has had unfortunate byproducts. It denigrates Judaism and Islam and ... More


The Dance of Human Expression: Al-Ghazālī and Maimonides

Diana Lobel

in The Quest for God and the Good: World Philosophy as a Living Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153157
eISBN:
9780231527019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153157.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī's dialectic between active life and contemplation and how it relates to Moses Maimonides's vision. At the height of his theological career, al-Ghazālī, a ... More


The First Islamic Reviver: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali and his Revival of the Religious Sciences

Kenneth Garden

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989621
eISBN:
9780199395590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989621.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Building on recent revisionist scholarship, this book offers a new overview of the last two decades of the life of the seminal 11th-century Islamic thinker Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 1111). It focuses ... More


Meccan Fusion: Patani, Mobility, and Islamic Textualism

Francis R. Bradley

in Forging Islamic Power and Place: The Legacy of Shaykh Daud bin 'Abd Allah al-Fatani in Mecca and Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824851613
eISBN:
9780824868093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824851613.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter four charts the activities of a small displaced population that settled in Mecca in the late 1780s, by concentrating upon the life and works of the prolific Shaykh Daud bin ‘Abd Allah ... More


New Power and Authority: Ritual Practice and the Journey of Faith

Francis R. Bradley

in Forging Islamic Power and Place: The Legacy of Shaykh Daud bin 'Abd Allah al-Fatani in Mecca and Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824851613
eISBN:
9780824868093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824851613.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

In chapter five, I analyze two key texts by Shaykh Dā’ūd, Munyat al-Musalli and Al-Manhal al-Safi, influenced by Ibn Arabi and Muhammad al-Burhanpuri, that informed the social practice of Islam for a ... More


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