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Europe's No Fly Zone? Rights, Obligations, and Liberalization in Practic e

Lisa Conant

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Conant's analysis of the air transport sector suggests how and why the European Court of Justice (ECJ) litigation strategy is not always successful for the individual claimant. In particular, the ... More


Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Jody Freeman and Charles D. Kolstad

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the last decade, market-based incentives have become the regulatory tool of choice when trying to solve difficult environmental problems. Evidence of their dominance can be seen in recent ... More


Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Ramón López and Michael A. Toman (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper examines the record of urban population growth, health, and health care spending in developing countries; describes the linkage between urban air pollution and health; and weighs policy ... More


 Are Cap‐and‐Trade Programs More Environmentally Effective than Conventional Regulation?

Ellerman A. Denny

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explains why cap-and-trade programs (in which government establishes an overall cap on pollution but allows firms to trade allocations beneath the cap) can be both more economically ... More


 Tradable Permits in Principle and Practice

Tom Tietenberg

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay reviews data on tradable permit systems in various contexts, including air pollution regulation, water supply, fisheries management, grazing rights allocation, water quality, and wetlands ... More


 Tradable Pollution Permits and the Regulatory Game

Jason Scott Johnston

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay pursues an underexplored aspect of the literature on tradable permit regimes by asking which among polluting firms are the likely winners and losers in the shift from a prescriptive ... More


 Environmental Trading Schemes and the Constitutional Leverage Effect

Daniel A. Farber

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay pursues an underexplored aspect of the literature on tradable permit regimes by asking which among polluting firms are the likely winners and losers in the shift from a prescriptive ... More


The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

David Vogel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book examines the politics of consumer and environmental risk regulation in the United States and Europe over the last five decades, explaining why America and Europe have often regulated a wide ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


JUDGE: A Laboratory Evaluation

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

JUDGE is a decision-making technique designed to aid a commander responsible for dispatching Close Air Support missions in situations wherein resource limitations do not allow all demands to be ... More


Correcting the pendulum’s air pressure error

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0027
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter describes how to calculate and remove the air pressure error from a clock's time error versus time chart. Depending on geographic location and the density of the pendulum materials, air ... More


Pendulum air movement: A failed experiment

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0028
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

A previous experiment showed that the walls of a pendulum clock case can slow down the pendulum via air drag by about 1 second per day. The pendulum has a 2-second period. This chapter describes an ... More


Accurate Clock Pendulums

Robert J. Matthys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The Shortt clock, made in the 1920s, is the most famous accurate clock pendulum ever known, having an accuracy of one second per year when kept at nearly constant temperature. Almost all of a ... More


Nine Risk Regulation Regimes Compared

Christopher Hood, Henry Rothstein, and Robert Baldwin

in The Government of Risk: Understanding Risk Regulation Regimes

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243631
eISBN:
9780191599507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243638.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses the analytic framework developed in Ch. 2 to compare nine different risk regulation regimes, bringing out their similarities and differences. Those risks include attacks by dangerous dogs ... More


Bob shape

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The sphere and the vertically oriented cylinder are more repeatable and predictable bob shapes than the more efficient, lower-drag prolate spheroid and football shapes. As a bob shape, prolate ... More


Effect of the pendulum rod on Q

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

A pendulum rod's air drag has a significant effect on the pendulum's Q. Many years ago, an experiment was carried out to determine the effect of bob shape on a pendulum's Q. The results showed that a ... More


Time error due to air pressure variations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0030
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The rate of a pendulum clock is affected by air pressure. As the air pressure increases, the clock slows down, and vice versa. The basic cause is that the pendulum floats in a sea of air, and when ... More


Electronic correction for air pressure variations

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

At atmospheric pressure, a pendulum is slightly buoyant to a ‘sea’ of air. This buoyancy causes the pendulum's timing to be a little sensitive to the air's density, and consequently to its pressure. ... More


Better accuracy from simple pendulums

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter deals with simple pendulums and with several things that can be done to improve their accuracy. Most of the items have only a minor effect on accuracy, but they add up. The pendulum ... More


Attributes of propagules that aid dispersal

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses traits that determine dispersal of propagules by different vectors. It pays special attention to dispersal by air, water, animals, and humans, since these vectors have received ... More


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