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Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

David A. Cleveland

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

We are in the middle of a major, long-term food crisis—how do we get out of it? The goal of Balancing on a Planet is to empower readers to analyze the challenges facing the agrifood system so they ... More


Selfish Genes, Sophisticated Plants, and Haphazard Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the limitations of natural selection, arguing that the overall organization of even ancient natural ecosystems may be relatively imperfect compared to individual adaptations ... More


Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Sinan Koont

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book examines one of the first and most successful large-scale, organic, and agroecological urban agriculture efforts currently being attempted in the world, namely, in Cuba. This trailblazing ... More


Looking to the Future of Urban and Sustainable Agriculture: Cuba and Worldwide

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Despite some concern about the persistence of a wish to return to industrial agriculture among some producers, leaders of the urban agriculture movement in Cuba believe urban agriculture and ... More


Introduction

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter starts with a brief discussion of the reasons for the turn to urban agriculture, as well as the enabling historical roots of this turn in human-resource formation and social ... More


Cuban Agriculture: Historical Background and Key Concepts

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

After a brief discussion of the pre-Revolutionary historical context, and introducing the concepts of food security and food sovereignty, this chapter turns to the 30 years following the 1959 ... More


The Land in Between:: Constructing Nature, Wilderness, and Agriculture

A. Whitney Sanford

in Growing Stories from India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813134123
eISBN:
9780813135915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134123.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter demonstrates parallels between the pastoral paradigm of Vaishnava devotion and the neglect of agriculture in Western environmental thought. It explores how pastoralism and idealized ... More


Restoration, Reciprocity, and Repair:: Revising the Ecological Imagination

A. Whitney Sanford

in Growing Stories from India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813134123
eISBN:
9780813135915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134123.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter describes different discourses of agricultural systems to help us think through different modalities for human relations with the biotic community, including restoration agriculture and ... More


Managing Agricultural Ecosystems: The Critical Role of Diversity

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The relationships between diversity, yield, and yield stability are much debated in ecology and agroecology. Modern industrial agriculture has reduced diversity to increase yields, while controlling ... More


Plant Functional Diversity: Organism traits, community structure, and ecosystem properties

Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, and Karl Grigulis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757368
eISBN:
9780191817281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757368.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Biological diversity, the variety of living things on Earth, is traditionally viewed as a diversity of taxa, species in particular. But other facets of diversity should be considered to address ... More


Agrarian Citizenship: Alternative Models of Production and Food Sovereignty

Nicole Fabricant

in Mobilizing Bolivia's Displaced: Indigenous Politics and the Struggle over Land

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807837139
eISBN:
9781469601458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807837511_fabricant.9
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

Movimiento sin Tierra's (MST) idea of food sovereignty and agroecology is deeply embedded in collaborative or collective forms of production. In order to build small-scale agricultural communes, ... More


From Differentiated Coffee Markets toward Alternative Trade and Knowledge Networks

Roberta Jaffe and Christopher M. Bacon

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chpater presents a case study focusing on the Community Agroecology Network (CAN), an organization started by the United States and Mesoamerica’s activists, whose effort is to create an ... More


Ceará: The Influence of National Advocacy on Regional Trajectories

Rebecca Tarlau

in Occupying Schools, Occupying Land: How the Landless Workers' Movement Transformed Brazilian Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190870324
eISBN:
9780190870331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870324.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Education

Chapter 6 analyzes the MST’s engagement with public schools in Ceará in the late 2000s, in a very different context, when the movement’s educational initiatives are already recognized nationally. ... More


Functional diversity in agriculture: grasslands and crop weeds as case studies

Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, and Karl Grigulis

in Plant Functional Diversity: Organism traits, community structure, and ecosystem properties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757368
eISBN:
9780191817281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757368.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

The agroecology transition from intensive agriculture to more sustainable systems has prompted a vigorous debate on the role of biodiversity in agricultural systems. The functional approach to ... More


Perspectives for functional diversity research

Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, and Karl Grigulis

in Plant Functional Diversity: Organism traits, community structure, and ecosystem properties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757368
eISBN:
9780191817281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757368.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

What are the perspectives for research in the field of functional diversity? A theoretical framework linking quantitatively organism functioning, functional structure and dynamics of communities, and ... More


How Should We Study It?

Kevin C. Elliott

in A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190260804
eISBN:
9780190260842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260804.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter highlights how explicit or implicit values can influence how research on a particular topic is pursued. First, the chapter shows how scientists can pursue different methods or strategies ... More


The Farm

F. Bailey Norwood and Tamara L. Mix

in Meet the Food Radicals

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190620431
eISBN:
9780190941383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190620431.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, American Politics

Agriculture is experiencing radical changes. Farmers are learning to produce crops without tilling the soil, robots are becoming farmhands, and companies are raising crops without sunlight or soil. ... More


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