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Agricultural Production, Output, and Productivity, 1700–1914

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter begins by reviewing the traditional historiography on mainly English but also touching more widely on British agricultural production, output, and productivity from the pre-industrial ... More


Farm Production and the Agricultural Revolution

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This final chapter returns to the question of farm production in the context of when and how an agricultural revolution met the needs of a demographic revolution. In so doing they make two ... More


Farm Production in England 1700-1914

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This book studies English agriculture in the 18th and 19th centuries, based on the records of the farmers themselves. Traditionally the period was seen as one of ‘agricultural revolution’, but ... More


New Evidence on the Standard of Living in Sweden During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: Long-Term Development of the Demographic Response to Short-Term Economic Stress

Tommy Bengtsson and Martin Dribe

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Presents a new view of the standard of living development in Sweden during the agricultural revolution, using evidence on the ability to overcome short-term economic stress. The results corroborate ... More


The Wheat Question

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Traditionally, the output and production of wheat has served as a thermometer gauge of English or British agriculture. This chapter puts that wheat question back in the spotlight. It begins by ... More


Barley and Oats

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter does for barley and oats what the previous chapter did for wheat, and it more or less reinforces the new findings about the timing of the agricultural revolution. But it also allows a ... More


Who Gained from the Agricultural Revolution?

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses an analysis in the changes in inequality in terms of people's relationship to agriculture. Although there have been four identified classes of potential beneficiaries, not ... More


The Yeoman Alternative

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the ways the landlords' agricultural revolution helped increase inequality. Their agricultural revolution was conducted through the concentration of landownership, the ... More


Agricultural Enlightenment: Knowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840

Peter M. Jones

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716075
eISBN:
9780191784293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, Social History

This book explores the knowledge underpinnings of agricultural change and growth in early modern Europe, building on the growing recognition among historians that ‘what people knew and believed’ had ... More


Context and Conclusion

Thirsk Joan

in Alternative Agriculture: A History: From the Black Death to the Present Day

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208136
eISBN:
9780191677922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208136.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the importance of different strategies devised by farmers to meet the late 19th-century depression. Lord Ernle wrote ... More


Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution - Revisited

Christopher Hill

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206682
eISBN:
9780191677274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206682.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

This is a revised edition of an examination of the motivations behind the English Revolution and Civil War first published in 1965. In addition to the text of the original, the book includes thirteen ... More


The Adoption of Modern Methods

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses an assessment of open and enclosed farmers through a comparison of how rapidly they adopted the package of improvements that helped raise productivity during the early modern ... More


The Third Duke of Buccleuch and Adam Smith: Estate Management and Improvement in Enlightenment Scotland

Brian Bonnyman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748642007
eISBN:
9781474405980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642007.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The third Duke of Buccleuch (1746-1812) presided over the management of one of Britain’s largest landed estates during a period of profound social, political and economic change. Tutored by the ... More


Ancestors and Agriculture: A Spiritual Self

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes what has been called “the first human-built holy place”, probably used for ancestor worship. At the same time modern Homo sapiens began domesticating plants and animals and ... More


Archaic Thought, Preliterate and Literate

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Primitive cultures differ greatly in their thought style from axial-age classical cultures. This chapter deals with two “in-between” stages of culture: the early and late archaic stages that lie ... More


The Exponential Nature of Technology

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter provides a brief review of the history of technology, covering pre-historical technologies, the agricultural revolution, the first two industrial revolutions, and the third industrial ... More


Introduction

Brian Bonnyman

in The Third Duke of Buccleuch and Adam Smith: Estate Management and Improvement in Enlightenment Scotland

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748642007
eISBN:
9781474405980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642007.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Beginning with his first visit to Scotland in 1767, this introductory chapter sets out the broader historiographical context to the Duke of Buccleuch’s career and the improvement of his estates. The ... More


Earth Island: Prelude to a Eutopian History

Wes Jackson

in Wildness: Relations of People and Place

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226444666
eISBN:
9780226444970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226444970.003.0025
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter imagines a revolutionary shift in agriculture, told from the point of view of a narrator living in the mid-twenty-first century. Given that the twentieth century’s “Green Revolution” led ... More


Roots of the Organic Challenge

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The introduction briefly surveys the developments that have taken place in the last 500 years relating to the growth of crown capitalism, monoculture, the rise of international trading regimes, the ... More


Getting There: The Long Road to Self-Regulation

Evan Osborne

in Self-Regulation and Human Progress: How Society Gains When We Govern Less

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804796446
eISBN:
9781503604247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804796446.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Almost as long there has been a human species, we have formed societies based on the principle of political regulation. There is a small cadre of leaders often assumed to have the right to order the ... More


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