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Creating Incentives for Private Sector Involvement in Poverty Reduction: Purchase Commitments for Agricultural Innovation

Inge Kaul and Pedro Conceiçāo

in The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179972
eISBN:
9780199850709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179972.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the creation of incentives for private sector involvement as a new approach to funding agricultural research and development for the tropics. It explains that this approach is ... More


Diversity, Bet-hedging, and Selection among Ideas

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the book's main conclusions and cautions against exclusive reliance on any single approach. The book's central thesis is that nature's wisdom is found primarily in ... More


“Evangel Train”: Scientific Agriculture

Richard J. Orsi

in Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West, 1850-1930

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520200197
eISBN:
9780520940864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520200197.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the farm demonstration trains that toured California. It shows that these agricultural demonstration trains were the result of a long period of interaction between the ... More


The Future of the Global Food Economy: Scenarios for Supply, Demand, and Prices

Mark W. Rosegrant, Simla Tokgoz, and Prapti Bhandary

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Several food price spikes since 2007 have motivated researchers and policymakers to weigh the factors behind high food prices, their implications for long-term food security, and the connection ... More


A twenty-first-century balancing act: smallholder farm technology and cost-effective research

John K. Lynam and Stephen Twomlow

in New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689347
eISBN:
9780191768248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689347.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Research and development investments to improve wellbeing of smallholder farmers must contend with the heterogeneity and resource limitations of smallholder systems as well as the conflicting ... More


An Atomic-Age Experiment Station

Helen Anne Curry

in Evolution Made to Order: Plant Breeding and Technological Innovation in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226390086
eISBN:
9780226390116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226390116.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1948 the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and the Tennessee Agricultural Experiment Station jointly agreed to the creation of a novel research institution on the grounds of the Oak Ridge National ... More


Managing Vulnerability of Indian Agriculture: Implications for Research and Development

Suresh Pal

in Agrarian Crisis in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198069096
eISBN:
9780199080472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069096.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are three key issues that must be addressed when it comes to public investment in agricultural research and development: whether public funding is sustained over time, whether the funding is ... More


Australia: Crawford’s Legacy of Partnership

Bruce Currie-Alder

in Research for the Developing World: Public Funding from Australia, Canada, and the UK

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198742937
eISBN:
9780191802911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742937.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Founded in 1982, and initially given a ten-year lifespan, Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR) sought to prove its worth through increases in agricultural productivity ... More


US aid and the creation of an Irish scientific research infrastructure

Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

in Church, State and Social Science in Ireland: Knowledge Institutions and the Rebalancing of Power, 1937-73

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526100788
eISBN:
9781526120823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100788.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter broadens out the focus from Irish sociology to examine Irish scientific research. Its central theme is the way in which resources provided or jointly controlled by US actors underpinned ... More


International Efforts to Pool and Conserve Crop Genetic Resources in Times of Radical Legal Change

Michael Halewood

in Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199660759
eISBN:
9780191749186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660759.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter examines what initially appear to be two contradictory policy developments in recent years. The first development is an increasing tendency to promote ‘hyper-ownership’ of genetic ... More


New Ways of Enhancing Agricultural Water Productivity in Developing Economies

M. Dinesh Kumar

in Managing Water in River Basins: Hydrology, Economics, and Institutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198065364
eISBN:
9780199081219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065364.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the key drivers of change in water productivity (WP) that would matter for India and that Indian agricultural research should embark on. It shows that WP enhancement would be an ... More


Driver of Innovation

David Willetts

in A University Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198767268
eISBN:
9780191917066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767268.003.0017
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

We saw in Chapter Four that the UK can be proud of the quality of the research conducted in its universities. But we need to be clear what this success is. ... More


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