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Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Louis Putterman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a detailed study of rural reform in China. After the death of Mao, and with the ascendency of Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China began a programme of agricultural reform intended to increase ... More


Policy Reforms

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines how different reforms were chosen and implemented in various transition countries. It focuses on price and subsidy policy reform, property rights reform and farm restructuring, ... More


The Effects of the Reforms

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains the effects of the different reforms which were chosen and implemented in various transition countries. It provides evidence on the effects of price and subsidy policy reform, ... More


Land and dynastic subjectivity: the public spheres of Mary Ann Gilbert 1

Kathryn Gleadle

in Borderline Citizens: Women, Gender and Political Culture in Britain, 1815-1867

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264492
eISBN:
9780191734274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264492.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers the public career of Mary Ann Gilbert (1776–1845), a landed proprietor in Eastbourne in East Sussex where she established herself as a leading agricultural expert and poor law ... More


Government Policy and the Distribution of Grain: Revisiting the Reform of Agricultural Institutions in China and India

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the food grain supply chain in India and China. It starts by examining the changing contexts of food security in both countries, and the implications for domestic reforms of ... More


Case Study. Post-Communist Land Reform and Changes in Tenure in the Czech Republic

Tomáš Doucha, Erik Mathijs, and F. M. Johan Swinnen

in Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242177
eISBN:
9780191697036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

When the Czech Republic was still under the Communism regime, agriculture was still organized in collective farms and in large-scale states. By 1989, the last year of Communist rule, 174 state farms ... More


Bright Leaf, Bright Prospects: Making Peace With The Idea of Yellow Tobacco

James C. Scott

in A Golden Weed: Tobacco and Environment in the Piedmont South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300191165
eISBN:
9780300206814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191165.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter discusses the expansion of the bright leaf tobacco culture. By the 1840s, Caswell, Halifax, and Pittsylvania counties had an active contingent of modernizing planters' and farmers' ... More


Intimate Landscapes and Ideal Households: Nineteenth-Century Proslavery Reforms on a South Carolina Plantation

Kevin R. Fogle

in Beyond the Walls: New Perspectives on the Archaeology of Historical Households

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061559
eISBN:
9780813051468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061559.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The term intimate landscape is used by photographers to refer to images that capture small portions of broad scenic landscapes while illustrating their interconnectedness. The intimate landscape ... More


Nikita Khrushchev

William Taubman, Sergei Khrushchev, and Abbott Gleason (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300076356
eISBN:
9780300128093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300076356.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

What was known about Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev during his career was strictly limited by the secretive Soviet government. Little more information was available after he was ousted and became a ... More


Reforming food production: agricultural science and education

Ian Miller

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland: Medicine, science and improvement, 18451922

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719088865
eISBN:
9781781706909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088865.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The immediate post-Famine period was marked by profound optimism about the potential of Irish agricultural development. For some improvers, agricultural practice offered a fertile ground upon which ... More


Of Subsidies and Sovkhozes: Restructuring Soviet Agriculture

Chris Miller

in The Struggle to Save the Soviet Economy: Mikhail Gorbachev and the Collapse of the USSR

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630175
eISBN:
9781469630199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630175.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Gorbachev is often criticized for ignoring agriculture in his reforms. In fact, as this chapter shows, Gorbachev was an agriculture expert and sought to implement Chinese-style reforms to give ... More


Rockefeller Rural Development: From the US Cotton Belt to Mexico

Tore C. Olsson

in Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165202
eISBN:
9781400888054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165202.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the Rockefeller philanthropies' winding road into Mexico, beginning at the dawn of the twentieth century and culminating in the establishment of the Mexican Agricultural Program ... More


Agriculture 1

T.N. Srinivasan

in Eight Lectures on India's Economic Reforms

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195652826
eISBN:
9780199080649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195652826.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the history of agricultural reforms in India. Agriculture is the most important sector of the Indian economy from the perspective of poverty alleviation and the related goal of ... More


Food Security in Egypt

Ray Bush

in Food Security in the Middle East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199361786
eISBN:
9780190235697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on food insecurity in Egypt beyond the preoccupation with macroeconomic policy’s role in facilitating food to meet local consumption needs. It discusses how agricultural reform ... More


The Old and the New

Jenny Leigh Smith

in Works in Progress: Plans and Realities on Soviet Farms, 1930-1963

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300200690
eISBN:
9780300210316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200690.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Projects aimed at improving agriculture in the Soviet Union during the post-war period focused particularly on the Ukraine, the Black Earth Region south of Moscow, and central Russia. This chapter ... More


The Agricultural Reforms, 1750s–1800s

Markus Lampe and Paul Sharp

in A Land of Milk and Butter: How Elites Created the Modern Danish Dairy Industry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226549507
eISBN:
9780226549644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226549644.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

We discuss the Danish agricultural reforms of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, which both preceded and went alongside the evolution of the dairy sector. These reforms included the ... More


Model Farms and Foreign Experts

Jenny Leigh Smith

in Works in Progress: Plans and Realities on Soviet Farms, 1930-1963

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300200690
eISBN:
9780300210316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200690.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The history of agriculture in the Soviet Union has been marked by the rapid collectivization drive that forced farmers in the country into state-run cooperatives and the subsequent famine that ... More


Risk Response in Agriculture

Jeffrey LaFrance, Rulon Pope, and Jesse Tack

in The Intended and Unintended Effects of U.S. Agricultural and Biotechnology Policies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226988030
eISBN:
9780226988061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226988061.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter develops and analyzes a new structural model of variable input use, production, acreage allocations, capital investment, and consumption choices in the U.S. farm sector. The theoretical ... More


Epilogue

Tore C. Olsson

in Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165202
eISBN:
9781400888054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165202.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the 1950s, the agrarian crossings of the previous generation were rapidly coming to an end. In both the United States and Mexico, an increasingly restrictive political atmosphere ensured that ... More


Tokugawa Yoshimune and the Study of Nature in Eighteenth-Century Japan

Federico Marcon

in The Knowledge of Nature and the Nature of Knowledge in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251905
eISBN:
9780226252063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252063.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the impact that the massive reform projects of the eighth shogun Tokugawa Yoshimune had on the various fields of knowledge, including honzōgaku. These included a relaxation on ... More


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