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The Role of Agriculture in Development

Mukesh Eswaran and Ashok Kotwal

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As countries develop, their labor force shifts from agriculture to industry and services, and in the process, the well-being of the people improves. This essay sheds some light on the economic logic ... More


Production and Technology

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Technology involves a trinity of three distinct elements that we shall term ‘hardware’, ‘procedure’, and ‘personnel’. The first embraces the non-human physical objects involved, whether inanimate ... More


Farming on the Eve of the Great Famine: Output and Productivity

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Thomas Larcom's statistics on Ireland's agriculture for 1848 provide data on crop acreages and livestock by poor law union and barony, and on crop yields by county. From 1854 onwards, ... More


Labour Shedding and the Growth in Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the advantages of large farms, primarily labour productivity. It has been previously believed that large farms had no advantage over small using corn yields as the measure of ... More


Cropping Pattern and Agricultural Productivity

Dhian Kaur

in Economic Geography: Volume 1: Land, Water, and Agriculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458417
eISBN:
9780199086757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458417.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the works done on contemporary themes in agricultural geography such as cropping pattern, crop combinations, crop diversifications, agricultural ... More


Land Markets

Sanjoy Chakravorty

in The Price of Land: Acquisition, Conflict, Consequence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198089544
eISBN:
9780199082438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089544.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins with a model of land rents and follows with separate discussions of the recent dynamics of urban and rural land markets. The data show that land prices in urban and rural settings ... More


Agricultural R&D, Food Prices, Poverty, and Malnutrition Redux

Julian M. Alston and Philip G. Pardey

in The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition: The Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733201
eISBN:
9780191797767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

While many of the world’s poor remain undernourished, paradoxically, growing numbers of people from all income and social strata are overweight or obese. These evolving patterns of nutrition and ... More


Farming, Commercialization, and Convergence, 1850–1914

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The period 1850–1914 has been the main target of the ‘new history’ of Irish tenurial relations. If the gist of Barbara Solow's influential study of the Land War was that the protracted struggle that ... More


Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Christopher B. Barrett and Joanna B. Upton

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Sub-Saharan Africa suffers the world’s highest rates of food insecurity, ultra-poverty, and conflict. These inter-related phenomena are all closely associated with the region’s long stagnation in ... More


Agriculture for Nutrition: Getting Policies Right

Prabhu Pingali, Katie Ricketts, and David E. Sahn

in The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition: The Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733201
eISBN:
9780191797767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

The past 50 years have been a period of extraordinary food crop productivity growth, despite rising populations and increasing land scarcity, largely due to the Green Revolution. Despite these ... More


The Growing Economy

Calestous Juma

in The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190237233
eISBN:
9780190237264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190237233.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, International Relations and Politics

Agricultural development is intricately linked to overall economic development in African countries. This chapter outlines the critical linkages between food security, agricultural development, and ... More


Soil Productivity and Erosion

Kristof Van Oost and Martha M. Bakker

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The wide-scale cultivation of soil by humans has accelerated erosion, which in turn deteriorates soils and negatively impacts their productivity. Questions such as ‘How serious is soil erosion?’, ... More


Mozambique: Jobs and Welfare in an Agrarian Economy

Sam Jones and Finn Tarp

in Jobs For Development: Challenges and Solutions in Different Country Settings

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754848
eISBN:
9780191816321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754848.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Mozambique has achieved remarkable macroeconomic success over recent decades, boasting one of the world’s highest rates of GDP growth. Even so, absolute poverty remains persistent, at times spilling ... More


Agricultural Enlightenment: Knowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840

Peter M. Jones

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716075
eISBN:
9780191784293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, Social History

This book explores the knowledge underpinnings of agricultural change and growth in early modern Europe, building on the growing recognition among historians that ‘what people knew and believed’ had ... More


Food or Consequences: Food Security and Its Implications for Global Sociopolitical Stability

Christopher B. Barrett

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The world faces a fundamental challenge in the coming decade. Growth in the demand for food appears likely to continue to outstrip agricultural productivity gains, generating rising real prices and ... More


Trends and Fluctuations before the Famine

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Short-term fluctuations in the Irish economy before the Great Famine cannot be measured with precision, but the outlines may be gauged from a variety of contemporary data. For example, the ... More


Global Freshwater and Food Security in the Face of Potential Adversity

Upmanu Lall

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Reliable access to water is a primary constraint for agricultural productivity and hence for food security. This is a significant issue in the tropics and sub-tropics, especially in regions with a ... More


The Economy, 1780–1815

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Sir William Petty (1623–87) is best remembered by Irish economic historians for his estimates of population and income and by geographers for his maps and surveys. In both fields he was a pioneer, ... More


Emerging Trends in Cropping Pattern, Crop Diversification, and Agricultural Productivity

Kailas Sarap and Partha P. Sahu

in The Economy of Odisha: A Profile

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199464784
eISBN:
9780199086801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464784.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the past three decades under review (1980–2010), agriculture in Odisha state has been reeling under the subsistence nature of its operation, relatively small size of land holdings, high ... More


Does Economic Growth Increase the Demand for Schools?: Evidence from Rural India, 1960–99

Andrew D. Foster and Mark R. Rosenzweig (eds)

in Economic Policy Reforms and the Indian Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226454528
eISBN:
9780226454542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454542.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter investigates whether low levels of schooling infrastructure and low schooling investment are solely the product of failed educational polices or whether they reflect instead, or at least ... More


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