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An Introduction to Agricultural Exceptionalism in EU Farm Policy and the GATT

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter establishes the important role the agricultural negotiations played in the Uruguay and Doha Rounds. It defines the key concepts of agricultural exceptionalism and agricultural normalism, ... More


The Endgame of the Negotiations and the Future of an Enlarged European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Ten new members, eight of them post-communist states, joined the EU on 1 May 2004. This chapter takes up three issues that will shape the future of an enlarged EU. First, the EU’s active leverage has ... More


The Decline of Legislative Exclusivity

Robert Schütze

in From Dual to Cooperative Federalism: The Changing Structure of European Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199238583
eISBN:
9780191716539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238583.003.04
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The presence of shared competences within a federal order does not in itself signify a choice in favour of cooperative federalism. Various types of federal pre-emption have been recognized in the ... More


Historical Economics and Policy, 1880–1894

ERIK GRIMMER-SOLEM

in The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This chapter addresses the historical economists' reaction to and impact upon the social and economic policy by evaluating their role in the social insurance legislation of the 1880s, as well as in ... More


Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Agriculture has a small, and declining, importance in employment and income generation within the EU, but a political importance well beyond its economic impact. The EU's common agricultural policy ... More


Franco‐German Relations: From Active to Reactive Cooperation

Alistair Cole

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Neither the centrality nor cohesion of Franco-German EU potential leadership should be assumed. However, the EU has great institutional, symbolic, economic and political resources enabling it to ... More


Contingent Valuation Methodology and the EU Institutional Framework

François Bonnieux and Pierre Rainelli

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The environmental legislation process in the EU originated in the First Environmental Action Programme in 1973. A consistent set of principles emerged in successive Environmental Action Programmes: ... More


The Early Development of the European Model of Agriculture

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter traces its early development until the MacSharry reforms of 1992, commencing with a section on the special status of agriculture. To a considerable degree, this chapter is concerned with ... More


The Two Pillars of the Common Agricultural Policy

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter seeks to focus upon and analyse certain key features of the European Model of Agriculture. It considers the impact of the reform process on the ‘first pillar’ and the ‘second pillar’ of ... More


HIA of agricultural and food policies

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks at how health impact assessment (HIA) has been applied to agricultural and food policies internationally and discusses whether it is a useful tool for raising broader public health ... More


Agriculture and Rural Policy since 1914

Alan Greer

in Ulster Since 1600: Politics, Economy, and Society

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583119
eISBN:
9780191744822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The long-run tendency in agriculture in the modern period was towards decline, as reflected both in falling employment and a diminishing share of gross regional output. This mirrors the kinds of ... More


Government Policy and the Distribution of Grain: Revisiting the Reform of Agricultural Institutions in China and India

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development: The Political Economy of Transition in India and China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082286
eISBN:
9780199082377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the food grain supply chain in India and China. It starts by examining the changing contexts of food security in both countries, and the implications for domestic reforms of ... More


Agenda 2000: Towards the Berlin Summit

Michael Cardwell

in The European Model of Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter follows the reform process forward until shortly before the Berlin Summit. This includes sections on the pressures driving the Agenda 2000 reforms and such wider considerations as the ... More


An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

From the outset, the European Union's common agricultural policy (CAP) was subject to scathingly criticism. Despite this, no substantial reform was undertaken until 1992. Then, in little more than a ... More


Wartime Food Production: Grain Storage, the Warlands, and the Persistence of Agricultural Individualism

Ashley Jackson

in Botswana 1939–1945: An African Country at War

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207641
eISBN:
9780191677762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207641.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

An agricultural scheme that was commonly referred to as the warlands – cleared and cultivated blocks of land for producing tribal grain reserves – was utilized by the British Administration in ... More


The European Model of Agriculture

Michael Cardwell

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199242160
eISBN:
9780191697029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242160.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

In order to meet the increasing economic and environmental challenges faced by the European farming industry, the EU has advocated a new European Model of Agriculture that will provide a competitive ... More


Coordination Policies and Politics

Elli Louka

in Water Law and Policy: Governance Without Frontiers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374131
eISBN:
9780199871841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374131.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of coordination of EU policies. It then discusses how to make regional policy work for water policy, environmental policy and industrial competitiveness, ... More


The Objectives and Instruments of Government Policy and the Structure of the Economy in LDCs

Raaj K. Sah and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Peasants versus City-Dwellers: Taxation and the Burden of Economic Development

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253579
eISBN:
9780191601682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253579.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One of the concerns of this book is with government policies towards food and other agricultural goods, and with how a government treats producers in the rural sector and consumers in the urban ... More


The Single European Act and Economic and Monetary Union

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Two months before what Margaret Thatcher saw as the Milan ambush, the British Foreign Office had sent her a paper about the implications of Spanish and Portuguese accession to the European Community. ... More


Institutions, Interests, and Incentives in American Food and Agriculture Policy

Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, David Lazarus, Walter P. Falcon, and Rosamond L. Naylor

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

American agriculture and agricultural policy are both filled with contradictions. The sector supplies less than 2 percent of GNP, yet farmers and farming communities exert considerable influence on ... More


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