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Deliberation or Bargaining? Distributive Conflict and the Fragmented International Regime Complex

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter is organized into three parts. The first provides the theoretical background to multilateral cooperation in biotech regulation, noting the purported benefits provided by multilateral ... More


The Domestic Sources of the Conflict: Why the US and EU Biotech Regulatory Regimes Differ

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the technology of genetic engineering and addresses the arguments of both its advocates and its sceptics. The chapter is organized in five parts. Part 1 introduces the new ... More


Introduction and Overview: Biotechnology, Risk Regulation, and the Failure of Cooperation

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a description of persistent regulatory differences between the United States and the European Union with regards to the regulation of genetically modified ... More


Conclusions: The Lessons of Transatlantic Conflict, Developing Countries and the Future of Agricultural Biotechnology

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter first offers a set of conclusions and lessons from the analysis of the transatlantic dispute, revisiting five core arguments, and drawing policy lessons from them for the management of ... More


Wonderful Potencies?: Deep Structure and the Problem of Monopoly in Agricultural Biotechnology

William Boyd

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the transformation of agricultural breeding efforts under the influence of modern genetics and molecular biology. It addresses the legal developments that have allowed both for ... More


The Promise and Failure of Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation through Networks

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the prospects and expectations of bilateral regulatory cooperation, and explains the failure of bilateral cooperation to produce any significant formal or informal agreements or ... More


Making Biotech History: Social Resistance to Agricultural Biotechnology and the Future of the Biotechnology Industry

Rachel A. Schurman and William A. Munro

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the character and impact of the new antibiotech movement. It first presents a sketch of what the movement looks like and of whom it comprises. The chapter also describes the ... More


The Global Politics of GEOs: The Achilles’ Heel of the Globalization Regime?

Frederick H. Buttel

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the global context of the controversy over genetically engineered organisms (GEOs), since active resistance to GEOs appears to have originated in northern and northwestern ... More


WTO Dispute Settlement Meets GMOs: Who Decides?

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For many years, both the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations had resisted bringing a WTO challenge over GMOs, hoping to address the dispute diplomatically and without the risks of global ... More


US and EU Policies Since 2000: Change, Continuity, and (Lack of) Convergence

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the development of both EU and US regulatory policies and practices regarding agricultural biotechnology since 2000, in light of bilateral and international pressures. The first ... More


The Brave New Worlds of Agricultural Technoscience: Changing Perspectives, Recurrent Themes, and New Research Directions in Agro-Food Studies

David Goodman

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents some reflections on the main theoretical approaches to agricultural biotechnologies (ABTs) in agro-food studies, and a discussion of critical engagement with the “new” ... More


The Troubled Birth of the “Biotech Century”: Global Corporate Power and Its Limits

Robert Falkner

in Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012751
eISBN:
9780262255509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012751.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the contestation of corporate power in the governance of genetically modified organisms, discusses recent cases of contestation in agribiotechnology, and evaluates the actual ... More


Technology, Food, Power: Governing GMOs in Argentina

Peter Newell

in Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012751
eISBN:
9780262255509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012751.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter, which examines the role of corporate power in the governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in Argentina, suggests that the story of agricultural biotechnology in Argentina ... More


Two Decades of GMOs: How Modern Agricultural Biotechnology Can Help Meet Sustainable Development Goals

Ademola A. Adenle, Hans De Steur, Kathleen Hefferon, and Justus Wesseler

in Science, Technology, and Innovation for Sustainable Development Goals: Insights from Agriculture, Health, Environment, and Energy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190949501
eISBN:
9780197528907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190949501.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Agricultural technologies have a key role to play in advancing international development, including achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are ... More


Multi-level Governance of Genetically Modified Organisms in the European Union: Ambiguity and Hierarchy

Maria Lee

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Authority for the regulation of GMOs in the European Union is far from straightforward. Profound and long-lasting disagreement over the proper role for agricultural biotechnology led to legislation ... More


Leapfrogging in Genetic Technologies

Calestous Juma

in The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190237233
eISBN:
9780190237264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190237233.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, International Relations and Politics

The role of agricultural biotechnology—specifically, transgenic crops—is one of the most controversial themes in African agriculture. Much of the debate has been framed in political terms, forcing ... More


Land for Food and Fuel Production: The Role of Agricultural Biotechnology

Steven Sexton and David Zilberman

in The Intended and Unintended Effects of U.S. Agricultural and Biotechnology Policies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226988030
eISBN:
9780226988061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226988061.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Agricultural production must grow in order to feed and fuel a global population that is at once increasing in size and wealth. Because of growing concern about climate change and biodiversity loss, ... More


Nature on the Farm: Genetically Modified Plants and Animals

Gregory E. Kaebnick

in Humans in Nature: The World As We Find It and the World As We Create It

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199347216
eISBN:
9780199347247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347216.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter examines objections to genetic modification (GM) of plants and animals, particularly of organisms produced for agricultural purposes. It briefly reviews the development and use of GM ... More


Risk Regulation in the Internal Market: Lessons from Agricultural Biotechnology

Maria Weimer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198732792
eISBN:
9780191797002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198732792.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book offers a topical inquiry into the legal and political limits of European Union regulation in the field of risk and new technologies surrounded by techno-scientific complexity, uncertainty, ... More


The Post-Political and the End of Nature:: The Genetically Modified Organism

Larry Reynolds and Bronislaw Szerszynski

in The Post-Political and Its Discontents: Spaces of Depoliticization, Spectres of Radical Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748682973
eISBN:
9781474406475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748682973.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the specific constellation of technology, politics and economics that seemed to take hold at the end of the twentieth century, through the story of a technology that was ... More


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