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Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Pontus Braunerhjelm and Maryann P. Feldman (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This book examines the origins and emergence of technology-based industrial clusters — regional concentrations of related firms and organizations — in order to understand the forces that promoted ... More


The Economics of Clusters: Lessons from the French Experience

Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592203
eISBN:
9780191595615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Microeconomics

Cluster policies have become very popular among policy makers over the last thirty years. However, the mechanisms at work behind cluster dynamics, the gains that can be expected from more clustering, ... More


Theoretical Perspectives: Towards a Better Understanding of the SEZ Impact

Aradhna Aggarwal

in Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter critically examines the theoretical propositions that seek to explain the rationale and economic impact of special economic zones (SEZs) in developing countries and argues that the ... More


 Where Multinational Corporations Invest and Don't Invest and Why

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Because not even the largest MNC can afford to invest in every country, an important phase of the FDI cycle is the process by which a country chooses where to establish its foreign subsidiaries. The ... More


Introduction

Edward L. Glaeser (ed.)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Agglomeration economies emphasize the role that cities can play in speeding the flow of ideas. The core idea at the center of information-based agglomeration economies is that all of the knowledge ... More


Entrepreneurship in World Cities

Zoltan Acs, Niels Bosma, and Rolf Sternberg

in The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580866
eISBN:
9780191728716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580866.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Entrepreneurs are of key importance in translating creativity into economic output. Consequently the urban dimension of entrepreneurship is a subject of great interest. This chapter sets out a ... More


Small Establishments/Big Effects: Agglomeration, Industrial Organization, and Entrepreneurship

Stuart S. Rosenthal and William C. Strange (eds)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

There is a long history of urban thinking that has considered the role of the organization of production into firms in the generation of increasing returns. This chapter discusses an econometric ... More


Creating Wealth: It Takes a City and Also Much More

Mario Polèse

in The Wealth and Poverty of Cities: Why Nations Matter

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190053710
eISBN:
9780190053741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190053710.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter returns to the question at the heart of economics as a social science since Adam Smith and his seminal work on the origins of wealth. Why are some nations rich and others poor? The focus ... More


Diffusion

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Chambers were initially small in number and focused in the main ports. This was explained by their political weight, experience of lobbying for private Bills for infrastructure development ... More


Labor Pooling as a Source of Agglomeration: An Empirical Investigation

Henry G. Overman and Diego Puga (eds)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on a potential source of agglomeration economies that has received particular attention: labor market pooling. A localized industry gains a great advantage from the fact that it ... More


One World of Production?

Adam D. Dixon

in The New Geography of Capitalism: Firms, Finance, and Society

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199668236
eISBN:
9780191781957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668236.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

This chapter rehearses scholarship in economic geography on the territorial development of capitalism in general and globalization in particular. The chapter integrates finance into this argument, ... More


Costs and Benefits of Urbanization: The Indian Case

Kala S. Sridhar

in Cities of Dragons and Elephants: Urbanization and Urban Development in China and India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198829225
eISBN:
9780191867620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829225.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Urbanization has both benefits and costs. This chapter summarizes research findings on how urbanization enhances productivity and economic growth in both rural and urban sectors, taking the case of ... More


Understanding Agglomerations in Health Care

Katherine Baicker and Amitabh Chandra (eds)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Analysis of the health care sector provides a valuable window into the causes of variation in productivity across areas and the role of agglomeration in generating innovation and efficiency. ... More


Global Cities and Market Society

Simon Curtis

in Global Cities and Global Order

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198744016
eISBN:
9780191804007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744016.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the tight connection between liberal norms, market society, and global city formation and growth, arguing that the size and scope of the agglomeration economies that global ... More


City-Size Distributions in a Quasi-Open Economy: The India Evidence

Om Prakash Mathur

in Cities of Dragons and Elephants: Urbanization and Urban Development in China and India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198829225
eISBN:
9780191867620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829225.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines India’s urbanization and urban system. It shows that urbanization in India continues to be driven by natural increase and reclassification of rural settlements into urban, with ... More


The Birth of Midtown

Jason M. Barr

in Building the Skyline: The Birth and Growth of Manhattan's Skyscrapers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199344369
eISBN:
9780190231736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199344369.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are two misconceptions about why Midtown emerged. First is the bedrock valley and second is Grand Central Station. This chapter demonstrates the true cause of Midtown’s rise as a skyscraper ... More


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