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What Prima Facie Duties Are There?: Ross, Agent-Relativity, and the Rejection of Consequentialism

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter interprets and defend Ross’s rejection of consequentialism and his endorsement of a moderate deontological position. It focuses particularly on what he says about promises, the special ... More


Reasons

Bryan R. Weaver and Kevin Scharp

in Semantics for Reasons

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198832621
eISBN:
9780191871184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832621.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 1 clarifies, organizes, and in some case corrects the extensive literature on the different kinds of reasons. We focus in particular on (i) contributory, conclusive, and sufficient reasons, ... More


Contractual Rationalities

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Modern contract theories differ from one another along one principal dimension, namely the account of practical rationality that they employ. One class of theories draws upon modern expected utility ... More


The Logical Consequence of Fitting Attitudes

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in The Value Gap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848215
eISBN:
9780191943515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848215.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Any fitting-attitude (FA) analysis which understands value ultimately in terms of reasons and pro- and con-attitudes will have limited wiggle room if it is to respect the kind of radical division ... More


Authority and Harm

Jonathan Parry

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198801221
eISBN:
9780191840272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801221.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper argues that certain common views about, respectively, the justification of harm and the moral limits of legitimate authority require revision. It defends two main claims. The first ... More


The Fitting-Attitude Analysis Revised

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in The Value Gap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848215
eISBN:
9780191943515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848215.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘The Fitting-Attitude Analysis Revised’ is devoted to a challenge to the fitting-attitude analysis (FA analysis) that arises from the logical consequence argument (outlined in Chap. 7). This argument ... More


Challenging Good-For Monism

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in The Value Gap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848215
eISBN:
9780191943515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848215.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘Challenging Good-For Monism’ takes on the good-for monist, who maintains that both value dualism and Mooreanism get things wrong. For the good-for monist there is one fundamental final value, and it ... More


Grounding Obligations

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Grice has been an unjustly neglected thinker. His version of contract theory offers a distinctive approach combining deliberative rationality with a non-moralized conception of motivation. He is ... More


The Guise of the Normative

Alex Gregory

in Desire as Belief: A Study of Desire, Motivation, and Rationality

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198848172
eISBN:
9780191882739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848172.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter starts by contrasting desire-as-belief with the idea that there are ‘besires’. On a natural understanding of that view, desire-as-belief is the superior theory, being more parsimonious ... More


Good-For Unitarianism

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in The Value Gap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192848215
eISBN:
9780191943515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192848215.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The background of ‘Good-For Unitarianism’ is the following: It has been suggested that the author’s analysis of good-for from 2011 introduced a new sense of the expression ‘good for’ and that ‘good ... More


Contemplating One’s Nagel

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This critical notice of Nagel’s The View from Nowhere argues that Nagel runs two distinct conceptions of objectivity together, in a way that unsettles many of the main conclusions of his book. The ... More


Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

David Phillips

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book has two connected aims. The first is to interpret and evaluate W. D. Ross’s ethics, focusing on the key elements of his moral theory: his introduction of the concept of prima facie duty, ... More


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