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Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Too Few Reasons

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the complementary objection that the Humean Theory fails to allow for some reasons that there intuitively are. The main problem is shown to be that of allowing for reasons that ... More


Main Features of Some Western Ethical Theories

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter presents basic features of the three main families of Western ethical theories: consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics. The main task is to clarify how to distinguish ... More


Śāntideva and After

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the views of êāntideva, the most sophisticated and influential of all Indian Buddhist ethicists. His writings contain explicit statements of classical act-utilitarianism. ... More


When Is Impartiality Morally Appropriate?

Brad Hooker

in Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins by considering impartiality in the application of moral rules. Bernard Gert's influential conception of impartiality comes under scrutiny. It then discusses when impartial ... More


Deontology

David McNaughton and Piers Rawling

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a novel form of deontology that, while it contrasts with consequentialism in defending duties of special relationship and options, is allied with consequentialism in denying ... More


Consequentialism: An Introduction

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Against Rawls's ‘separateness of persons’ objection to consequentialism, it can be replied that consequentialism does take into account differing personal viewpoints in legitimating trade‐offs ... More


Objective Practical Reasons

Joshua Gert

in Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter reconciles the accounts of rationality and harm of the previous two chapters with the idea that facts about harms provide objective practical reasons—reasons that make systematic ... More


Epistemological Egoism and Agent-Centered Norms

Michael Huemer

in Evidentialism and its Discontents

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563500
eISBN:
9780191728686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563500.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Michael Huemer’s aim in his chapter is to defend a fully agent-centered epistemological perspective. An agent-centered epistemological perspective is opposed to an agent-neutral view. Huemer claims ... More


An Overview of Individualistic Perfectionism

Douglas J. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen

in The Perfectionist Turn: From Metanorms to Metaethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474413343
eISBN:
9781474422406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413343.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides an overview of the essentials of individualistic perfection—specifically, the view of human good and ethical obligation. Not only are the notions of objectivity, inclusivity, ... More


Must Kantian Contractualism and Rule-Consequentialism Converge?

Brad Hooker

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 4

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722144
eISBN:
9780191789236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722144.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Derek Parfit’s On What Matters endorses Kantian contractualism, the normative theory that everyone ought to follow the rules that everyone could rationally will that everyone accept. This chapter ... More


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