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How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions

Berent Enç

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256020
eISBN:
9780191602238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256020.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Attempts to answer the question of whether it is possible to understand agency as realized within a world construed ‘naturalistically’, that is, in terms of causal relations among events and states ... More


Understanding Human Agency

Erasmus Mayr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Our self‐understanding as human agents includes commitment to three crucial claims about human agency: That agents must be active, that actions are part of the natural order, and that intentional ... More


Making Sense of Freedom and Responsibility

Dana Kay Nelkin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608560
eISBN:
9780191729638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608560.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This book presents a simple and natural account of freedom and moral responsibility which responds to the great variety of challenges to the idea that we are free and responsible, before ultimately ... More


Introduction

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Introduction gives a brief overview over the structure of the book and its central topic, how to solve the so-called problem of human agency. This problems concerns the question how different ... More


Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This book argues for substance dualism (of soul and body) and libertarian free will. It begins with full discussions of the underlying philosophical issues (such as the criteria of identity of events ... More


Buddhism on Moral Responsibility

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Although Buddhist texts don’t explicitly discuss the problem of free will, they stake out a number of theoretical views that commit them to a certain answer to this problem. Buddhist texts clearly ... More


Personal Agency

E. J. Lowe

in Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter builds upon the account of agent causation developed in the preceding chapter in order to draw an initial sketch of the view of rational human action favoured in the book — a view which ... More


Indeterministic Free Will

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 9, I draw together my conclusions about free will and responsibility, suggesting that conscious input is efficacious in deciding what to do and carrying it into effect, as well as in ... More


RESPONSIBILITY AND DESERT

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0035
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter starts by analysing the concept of desert along lines suggested by Joel Feinberg. It then argues that this concept is applicable to us only if we have ultimate responsibility, i.e., ... More


 Libertarianism, Luck, and Control

Alfred R. Mele

in Free Will and Luck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter critically examines recent work on free will and moral responsibility by Randolph Clarke, Robert Kane, and Timothy O’Connor, in an attempt to clarify issues about control and luck that ... More


Animal Agency

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers animal agency. Using the work of developmental psychologists, it is argued that agency is a highly robust and distinctive concept that ought to be accorded a central role in ... More


Agency, Substance Causation, and Top-Down Causation

Helen Steward

in A Metaphysics for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199552054
eISBN:
9780191738838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552054.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, it is explained in what sense the book’s view of agency is, and in what sense it is not, a version of agent causationism. The chapter responds to certain criticisms of agent ... More


Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Randolph Clarke

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Libertarian accounts of free will face objections that the indeterminism they require would leave behavior random, inexplicable, and beyond agents’ control. This book examines three main types of ... More


Purposes

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intentional actions consist in agents purposing, that is ‘trying’, to bring about effects (where ‘trying’ carries no implication of difficulty or failure) or allowing some effect to occur. Purposing ... More


Substance and Cause

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chief difficulty for agent-causal accounts lies in defending the notion of agent causation. Either of two types of realist account of causation can be drawn on to explicate the claim that ... More


An Integrated Agent‐Causal Account

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins an assessment of agent-causal libertarian accounts, which require causation by agents, where this is construed as causation by enduring substances and not reducible to event ... More


Agent Causation and Control

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Agent-causal accounts aim to secure greater control than can be secured by any event-causal libertarian account. Assuming that all it requires is possible, an integrated agent-causal view succeeds at ... More


Objections and Responses

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The indeterminist theory of free will presented in Chs. 8 and 9 is further developed in this chapter by responding to a series of objections. The issues raised by these objections involve ... More


The Agent as Cause: Reid, Taylor, and Chisholm

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of agent causation is introduced and queried through an examination of the account given by the eighteenth‐century Scottish philosopher, Thomas Reid, and the more recent accounts of ... More


The Metaphysics of Free Will

Timothy O'Connor

in Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops the basic metaphysics of agent causation. The author analyzes causal notions generally in terms of the notion of ’causal power’ or ’causal capacity.’ The difference between ... More


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