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Executive Compensation: Consequences and Distributions

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

The consequences of executive pay are complex and particularly rich in a theoretical and practical sense. This chapter examines one of the most fundamental questions in this regard: Does executive ... More


Introduction

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces and defines the terms ‘informal groups of states’, ‘groups of friends’, and ‘contact groups’. It develops a synergistic analytical framework, identifying the causal mechanisms ... More


Where There's a Will There's a Way: Causation and Freedom

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the same basic Kantian presuppositional links with respect to causation. It begins by unpacking the basics of Kant's metaphysics of causation, with special reference to the ... More


Motivation and Agency

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is motivation, and what is its place in the lives of intelligent agents? This is Mele's guiding question. His search for an answer is sensitive to the theoretical concerns of philosophers of ... More


Introduction: Reframing Corporate Governance: Behavioral Assumptions, Governance Mechanisms, and Institutional Dynamics

Anna Grandori

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This introductory chapter outlines the features of the new approach to CG that can be built by integrating the insights from the different contributions gathered in the book. Further specific theses ... More


Disciplining Democracy: The Principal–Agent Model of Accountability

Craig T. Borowiak

in Accountability and Democracy: The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778256
eISBN:
9780199919086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778256.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that contemporary social scientific discourse has become dominated by a narrow, disciplinary model of accountability typified by the widespread use of the principal–agent ... More


Perspectives on the Contribution of Boards of Directors

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

How boards of directors influence organisational performance has been a central topic of corporate governance literature. This chapter outlines the major theoretical issues pertaining to research on ... More


Structures of Agency: Essays

Michael E. Bratman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a collection of published and unpublished chapters by distinguished philosopher Michael E. Bratman of Stanford University. They revolve around his influential theory, known as the “planning ... More


Governing with Multiple Principals: An Empirically-Based Analysis of Capital Providers' Preferences and Superior Governance Structures

Anna Grandori and Giuseppe Soda

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter broadens current agency approaches by exploring the possible consequences of optimizing CG structures with ‘multiple principals’ and multiple governance and organizational mechanisms. It ... More


Dividends and Dividend Policy

H. Kent Baker, J. Clay Singleton, and E. Theodore Veit

in Survey Research in Corporate Finance: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195340372
eISBN:
9780199894215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340372.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Although corporate payout policy is one of the most researched areas in the finance literature, the question of why firms pay dividends and investors want them remains one of the important unsolved ... More


Financial Ethics: A Positivist Analysis

George A. Aragon

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195305968
eISBN:
9780199867844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305968.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book provides a framework for the study of financial ethics built on a broad review of research published in finance and economics journals. This book demonstrates that ethics is already an ... More


Interventions, Agency, and Counterfactuals

James Woodward

in Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195155273
eISBN:
9780199835089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155270.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter clarifies the notion of an intervention and compares my version of this notion to the characterizations provided by other writers such as Glymour and Pearl. Very roughly, an intervention ... More


Economic perspectives

John Child, David Faulkner, and Stephen B. Tallman

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances, Networks, and Joint Ventures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266241
eISBN:
9780191699139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266241.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Organization Studies

The justification attributed to cooperative strategy may be based on several different economic theories and as such, this chapter attempts to take on an economic perspective in examining a company's ... More


The Theory of Agency and Additional Constraints

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses the role of the theory of agency and additional constraints in the radical interpreter’s procedure. These are holism about attitude content, constraints on logical form in the object ... More


CAUSALITY

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter provides an overview of the principal philosophical accounts of the nature of causality, including the mechanistic, probabilistic, counterfactual, and agency accounts.


Precautionary Reasoning in Determining Moral Worth

Stephen W Smith

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter presents a possible personhood theory that shifts the burden of proof away from the entity under consideration. It argues that we ought to exercise caution when making determinations ... More


The Works of Man

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 5 aims to understand the contemporary philosophical climate in terms of a dominant philosophy, and argues that it is found in the ‘Agency Theory’, or ‘Practice Ideal’: the thesis that we are ... More


Investor Engagement

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Investor engagement ranges across a spectrum, from indirect/laissez-faire relations to direct investor involvement in specific areas of management practice. The methods of engagement range from ... More


The Possibility of Externalist Explanation of Action

Rowland Stout

in Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

One way one has of explaining things is to say that they happen because they should happen. Certain stories suggest the thought that it is only by being able to explain one's activity in terms of a ... More


Conclusion and Recommendations

Jacob N. Shapiro

in The Terrorist's Dilemma: Managing Violent Covert Organizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157214
eISBN:
9781400848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157214.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter reviews the evidence, comments on U.S. government counterterrorism policies in light of the agency theory perspective on terrorist organizations, and offers a series of policy ... More


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