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Population Ageing: Challenges, Opportunities, and Institutions

Feng Wang and Andrew Mason

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the major consequences, especially economic consequences, of population ageing. It shows that population ageing not only opens a demographic window for economic development by ... More


Population

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents population data on OECD countries. It features tables on mid-year estimates, population growth, population density, age structure, birth rate, life expectancy, infant mortality ... More


Why Does China Save So Much? 1

Charles Yuji Horioka and Junmin Wan

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents data on saving rates and related variables in China, and conducts an econometric analysis of the determinants of the household saving rate using a life cycle model and panel ... More


Business Structures, Religious Structures, and Business Élites, 1900–1960

David J. Jeremy

in Capitalists and Christians: Business Leaders and the Churches in Britain 1900-1960

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201212
eISBN:
9780191674839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201212.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Paternalism characterized many late Victorian businesses however in twentieth century Britain it was vanquished partly because of the changes within the company and the changes in the company's ... More


Sustainable harvesting

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews recent analytical models of sustainable harvesting of fluctuating populations without age structure that incorporate the risk of population collapse or extinction. Using ... More


Survival and mortality

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses age-structure in Eurasian and North American river otters. Otters have short life expectancy, with mortality increasing with age. Sea otter is a long-lived exception. Causes of ... More


Population Aging and Economic Growth in Asia

David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Jocelyn E. Finlay

in The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386850
eISBN:
9780226386881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386881.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on the shifting age structure in Asia. The chapter examines how much effect aging would have on economic growth in the process of dissolving the first demographic dividend. ... More


The Demographic Consequences of Changing Cohort Size and Female Work

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter begins with a discussion of patterns of demographic change covering fertility and mortality, age structure and its demographic consequences, and female employment and its demographic ... More


Aggregate Demand Effects of Changing Population Age Structure

Diane J. Macunovich

in Birth Quake: The Baby Boom and Its Aftershocks

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500836
eISBN:
9780226500928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500928.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reports some of the preliminary findings on U.S. patterns of consumption and saving. The macrolevel studies find very strong and significant age structure effects on a wide range of ... More


The Population and Development Scenario in India

P.M. Kulkarni

in Population and Reproductive Health in India: An Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198096238
eISBN:
9780199082940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

India entered the demographic transition during the twentieth century and the process will continue well into the twenty-first century. There has been a perceptible fall in mortality, followed by ... More


Age structure

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter elaborates on the special case of age structure. Especially in the context of infectious diseases among humans, “age” is often used to characterize individuals. Partly this reflects our ... More


Dawn of structural biology

Gregory A. Petsko

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The twentieth century was a century of revelation in biology that began with the alliance of genetics with Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, and the creation of the modern subject. ... More


Population-Induced Economic Slumps

Diane J. Macunovich

in Birth Quake: The Baby Boom and Its Aftershocks

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500836
eISBN:
9780226500928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500928.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents some of the preliminary findings on overall economic performance across all nations (the incidence of recessions and depressions). The unforeseen changes in population age ... More


Macroeconomic Correlations: GDP Growth, Inflation, Savings Rates, and the Stock Market

Diane J. Macunovich

in Birth Quake: The Baby Boom and Its Aftershocks

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500836
eISBN:
9780226500928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500928.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter considers some of the preliminary findings on the separate measures of U.S. GDP growth, inflation, savings rates, and the stock market. It performs a very simple analysis using time ... More


Older workers in the labour market: the demographic context

Mike Danson

in The future for older workers: New perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424181
eISBN:
9781447303800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424181.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

The number of people who are fit and able to work is important in the determination of the supply of labour to an economy. In determining this ‘working population’ there are several factors that ... More


Predicting the effects of climate change on bird population dynamics

Bernt-Erik Sæther, Steinar Engen, Marlène Gamelon, and Vidar Grøtan

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Climate variation strongly influences fluctuations in size of avian populations. In this chapter, we show that it is difficult to predict how the abundance of birds will respond to climate change. A ... More


Population structure and exponential growth

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Populations may be structured by various individual states like age, developmental stage, or conditions of location. The life histories of individuals can be described as series of stochastic ... More


The Genetic Effective Size of a Population

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The effects of genetic drift usually assume an idealized population of constant size. This chapter shows how the population size for such an idealized population can be replaced with an effective ... More


Contexts of practice

Richard Pugh and Brian Cheers

in Rural social work: International perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347213
eISBN:
9781447303305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347213.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter reviews five dimensions that can be used to understand and analyse the diverse contexts in which rural social work is conducted: geography, demography (ethnicity and diversity, age ... More


Introduction

Charles S. Pearson

in On the Cusp: From Population Boom to Bust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190223915
eISBN:
9780190223946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223915.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter previews humanity’s extraordinary global demographic voyage over the past 300 years, and its likely course into the next century. The “bones” of the story are told through a series of ... More


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