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Results of Quantitative Measures

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the statistically significant results obtained through the use of the Mann-Whitney nonparametric test. Of the forty-six statistically significant differences, ten refer to ... More


Approaches to Investigating Cognitive Aging

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372151
eISBN:
9780199776948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers how sources of hypotheses for the locus of age differences in cognition have often been based on models and metaphors in cognitive psychology. It considers the primary ways in ... More


The Sequential Study of Personality Traits and Attitudes

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reports findings with respect to the trait of social responsibility and describes the work on personality traits derived from the seventy-five Test of Behavioral Rigidity (TBR) ... More


Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

So far in the book, only the average pay in each occupation has been addressed, but there is generally a wide dispersion of individual pay about that average. The examination of these differences in ... More


Inside Sexual Relationships

Mark Regnerus and Jeremy Uecker

in Premarital Sex in America: How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743285
eISBN:
9780199894741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743285.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the dynamics of young adults’ sexual relationships, offering a clearer picture of how young Americans pick their sexual partners, how long those relationships ... More


Modals and Modality

Ronald K. S. Macaulay

in Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences in Discourse

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173819
eISBN:
9780199788361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173819.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the use of modal auxiliaries. There are few social class differences, but some age and gender differences. Females are responsible for the majority of epistemic uses of modals. ... More


Adult Age Differences in Episodic Memory: Item-Specific, Relational, and Distinctive Processing

Rebekah E. Smith

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Younger adults often perform better than older adults do on memory tests. Researchers interested in these age-associated performance differences have at times drawn concepts from the “mainstream” ... More


Emerging Adult Religion in Life Course and Historical Perspective

Christian Smith

in Souls in Transition: The Religious Lives of Emerging Adults in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371796
eISBN:
9780199870899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371796.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter places the religious and spiritual lives of contemporary emerging adults in the historical context of the last quarter century and compares them, in the area of religion, to older adults ... More


Variation in Working Memory across the Life Span

Sandra Hale, Joel Myerson, Lisa J. Emery, Bonnie M. Lawrence, and Carolyn Dufault

in Variation in Working Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168648
eISBN:
9780199847297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168648.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on how age differences might affect other aspects of cognitive function. With respect to working memory in particular, there seemed to be multiple ways in which it might be ... More


Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable

Rose T. Zacks and Lynn Hasher

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes major empirical generalizations about aging and memory and then discusses episodic memory (or deliberate, intentional memory for particular events) as well as research on ... More


Aging and Emotional Memory

Mara Mather

in Memory and Emotion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195158564
eISBN:
9780199848126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158564.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses memory in the elderly and examines age-related changes in emotional processing — in mechanisms of emotional regulation and ... More


Fighting Childhood Obesity in a Jewish Community

Maureen R. Benjamins

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Inspired by the power of having specific health data for one's own community, leaders of the Jewish community in Chicago undertook the steps necessary to conduct a similar survey within the most ... More


Working Memory and Aging: Current Status of the Inhibitory View

Ellen R. Stoltzfus, Lynn Hasher, and Rose T. Zacks

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the inhibitory view of working memory and its relation to aging. It considers evidence for the conceptualizations of working memory that stress its purported ... More


Aging of Thought

Timothy A. Salthouse

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A major weakness of the contemporary literature on aging and cognition, and likely also in the literature on cognitive development, is the very limited understanding of the relations between age and ... More


Children’s Memory Development: Remembering the Past and Preparing for the Future

Peter A. Ornstein, Catherine A. Haden, and Holger B. Elischberger

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Two themes characterize the voluminous literature on children's memory: the surprising mnemonic competence of infants and young children and the presence of substantial age differences in almost all ... More


What Is Age and Where Does It Come From?: A Theoretical Analysis of Age and Language Socialization

Elise Berman

in Talking Like Children: Language and the Production of Age in the Marshall Islands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190876975
eISBN:
9780190877019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876975.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter reviews the research on age and the life course. It argues that age differences are cultural and produced through interaction. The chapter defines “age” and “immaturity” and then ... More


Task Switching and Aging

Jutta Kray and Nicola K. Ferdinand

in Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199921959
eISBN:
9780190256210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews findings on developmental changes in task switching in the adult lifespan. The first section looks at the general pattern of age differences in task switching components and ... More


Experimenting with the self online: a risky opportunity

Lucyna Kirwil and Yiannis Laouris

in Children, risk and safety on the internet: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428837
eISBN:
9781447307723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter presents how online experimentation with the self changes with the child's age and gender and how the prevalence of pretending to be a different kind of person (online identity) and ... More


Conclusion: Toward an Anthropology of Age

Elise Berman

in Talking Like Children: Language and the Production of Age in the Marshall Islands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190876975
eISBN:
9780190877019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190876975.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The conclusion argues for a view of culture and linguistic practices as aged. It describes what happened to several of the children after the events in this book and then considers the impact of ... More


‘Sexting’: the exchange of sexual messages online among European youth

Sonia Livingstone and Anke Gözig

in Children, risk and safety on the internet: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428837
eISBN:
9781447307723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Public anxiety has recently centred on the exchange of sexual messages among teenagers via the internet or mobile phones. This chapter examines the incidence, antecedents and consequences of ... More


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