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Criminal Career Patterns

Alex Piquero, J. David Hawkins, and Lila Kazemian

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The empirical study of longitudinal patterns of criminal activity committed by offenders has been a central focus in criminology. Descriptive analysis of the nature of criminal offending has led to ... More


Developmental Victimology

David Finkelhor

in Childhood Victimization: Violence, Crime, and Abuse in the Lives of Young People

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195342857
eISBN:
9780199863631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342857.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter sketches the outlines of the field of Developmental Victimology — a field intended to help promote interest in and understanding of the broad range of victimizations that children suffer ... More


Does the Study of the Age-Crime Curve Have a Future?

Rolf Loeber

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the properties of the age-crime curve. It revisits factors—such as neighborhoods, cohorts, and impulsivity—that influence the height and the breadth of the curve. It shows by ... More


Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This groundbreaking study examines patterns of offending among persistent juvenile offenders. The book addresses questions that have been the focus of criminological debate over the last two decades. ... More


Crime Over the Life Course: The Empirical Implications of Three Theories

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the general population heterogeneity, state dependence, and ‘mixed’ explanations of criminal behaviour. Three specific theoretical perspectives are considered: Gottfredson and ... More


Empirical Research Review and Hypotheses

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The theoretical review in the previous chapter sets the stage for a thorough summary of the extant empirical research concerning the key issues of this study: the relationship between age and crime ... More


Age and Crime among Latent Classes of Serious Youthful Offenders

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

One of the foremost controversies in contemporary theoretical criminology concerns how to simultaneously explain the sources of both continuity and change in criminal behaviour over time. The ... More


Some Future Trajectories for Life Course Criminology

D. Wayne Osgood

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on life course criminology, and particularly the relationship between crime and age as expressed in the age-crime curve. It considers within-individual differences such as ... More


Looking Forward

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Criminologists generally agree that age is one of the strongest predictors of criminal activity and that a disproportionately large share of offending is committed by those who are in the age range ... More


Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, and David Farrington

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples ... More


The Theory and a Simple Model

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

From just six assumptions a theory of conviction and reconviction is developed which explains the well known Age – Crime curve. The rationale of the large scale theory of crime is outlined and ... More


Age Matters

Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

in Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190069797
eISBN:
9780190069834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents a review of the research and theorizing about age and crime as depicted in control theory. It critiques psychological and sociological studies of the meaning of the age–crime ... More


Looking Backward and Forward

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book began by discussing three critically important questions: how stable are individual differences in the propensity to commit criminal acts across the life course; whether there are two (or ... More


Summary and Conclusions

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The analysis and theories developed in this volume are summarised, highlighting the success of the theory in providing explanations for many of the accepted features of criminal careers, epitomised ... More


Twenty-five Years of Developmental Criminology: What We Know, What We Need to Know

Marc Le Blanc

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter takes a fresh look at developmental criminology and examines the extent to which deviant behavior in general conforms to findings from developmental criminology. Drawing on his lifelong ... More


Is Age the Primary Influence on Offending?

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Age based theories of crime are examined and tested against the cohort data from the Offenders Index and it is shown that there is no support for such theories. The theory proposed in this book ... More


Multiple Causes and Multiple Factors in a Choice Theory of Crime

Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

in Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190069797
eISBN:
9780190069834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Gerontology and Ageing

Creating concrete operational indicators for narrative depictions of complex concepts, identifying and recruiting appropriate samples, and identifying designs permitting informed causal judgments in ... More


Muslim Virgin Wanted: In Search of Reasons to Quit Dealing

Sandra M. Bucerius

in Unwanted: Muslim Immigrants, Dignity and Drug Dealing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199856473
eISBN:
9780199398133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856473.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Race and Ethnicity

The question of whether criminals age out of crime or whether certain life events, like the birth of a child or a wedding, trigger them to quit is a longstanding debate within criminology. This ... More


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