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Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

San Duanmu

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

When one looks at the world's languages, it is easy to get the impression that there is a wide range of syllable patterns. But an in‐depth analysis of a selection of languages shows that the maximal ... More


Towards a comprehensive characterization of adpositions

Claude Hagège

in Adpositions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199575008
eISBN:
9780191722578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a precise and full characterization of adpositions (Adps), by showing what they are, what they are not, and what they do, synchronically and diachronically. The chapter is ... More


Subcategorization in context

Alan C. L. Yu

in A Natural History of Infixation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279388
eISBN:
9780191707346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279388.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter presents a concrete, crucially holistic, model for understanding the distributional properties of infixes. There are three main components to this model. Section 3.1 offers a formal ... More


Theories of syllable structure

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reviews previous theories of syllable structure and propose a new one: the CVX theory, according to which the maximal syllable is CVX, where C, V, or X can be a complex sound. Extra ... More


English I: the maximal syllable size

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the maximal syllable size in English. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in English is CVX. The ... More


German

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an exhaustive analysis of German words in the CELEX lexicon. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in German ... More


Jiarong (rGyalrong)

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter analyzes Jiarong, a Tibeto‐Burman language that was thought to be quite unusual in having large onset and coda clusters that violate expected sonority contours. It shows that, given the ... More


Derivation

Geert Booij

in The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Derivation is the formation of lexemes by means of affixation, reduplication, conversion, or root-and-pattern morphology. The outputs of such processes often exhibit idiosyncratic properties. ... More


The interface between morphology and phonology

Geert Booij

in The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The morphological structure of a complex word determines how the constituent morphemes of a word are realized phonetically. The phonological structure of a complex word reflects its morphological ... More


An Optimal Theory of Clitic Positioning

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter elaborates a more precise account of the phrasal morphology that is responsible for the appearance of special clitics, within an Optimality Theoretic framework. A limited set of ... More


The Marking Patterns of Natural Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter describes how natural coordination is expressed in co-compounds and phrase-like tight coordination. Different types of markedness are discussed, including formal, distinctive, ... More


Prosodic Hierarchy-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a critical evaluation of Generalized Template Theory (GTT), developed within Optimality Theory, to explain canonical morpheme shape. The central proposal of GTT is that prosodic ... More


Morpheme-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues for a morpheme-based alternative to the version of the Generalized Template Theory (GTT) of prosodic morpheme shapes critiqued in Chapter 2. In this approach (MBT), canonical ... More


The Role of Phonology in Defining Canonical Form in MBT

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The MBT approach developed in Chapter 3 defines the optimal minimal Root as a branching monosyllable. However, it is not difficult to find Roots which are either larger or smaller than this. The most ... More


Questions for Future Research and Conclusion

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the remaining problems for the Generalized Template Theory (GTT), both the version developed in this book and other versions. One problem is that canonical shapes in some ... More


Degrammaticalization

Muriel Norde

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This is a book about degrammaticalization, a rare type of linguistic change whereby grams become ‘less grammatical’, typical examples being shifts from affix to clitic, or from function word to ... More


Defining degrammaticalization

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter is concerned with earlier definitions of degrammaticalization, with the aim to demarcate the book's own definition from these earlier views. It discusses the alternative terms of ... More


Deinflectionalization

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the second type of degrammaticalization, involving bound morphemes. Deinflectionalization is defined as ‘a composite change whereby an inflectional affix in a specific ... More


Debonding

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the third and final type of degrammaticalization. Debonding is defined as ‘a change whereby a bound morpheme in a specific linguistic context becomes a free morpheme’. Like ... More


Contiguity Theory

Norvin Richards

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034425
eISBN:
9780262332330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034425.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Current Minimalist approaches to syntax claim that languages simply vary in the distribution of overt movement. Some languages have overt wh-movement, or EPP effects, or movement of the verb to T, ... More


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