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Priority to the Least Advantaged

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the implications of ‘priority to the worst off’. It is often argued that such a policy is counter-intuitive in that it can require the diversion of a great deal of resources to ... More


De‐clustering Disadvantage

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at the issue of how it might be possible to decluster disadvantage. The best means of doing so will be for government to attend to corrosive disadvantages — those that cause other ... More


Moral Inconsistency

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experiments and conclusions of ‘situationist’ social psychology have been seen by some as grounds for doubting that there are any virtues or vices, or more broadly any traits of character, at all. ... More


The Origins of Western Political Thought

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The problem of church and state initiated the development of Western political theory in Aquinas, John of Paris, and Marsilius. One difference between European and Islamic thought was the European ... More


PLURALISM, PERSONAL IDENTITY, AND FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE

Kenneth A. Strike

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Kenneth Strike’s essay on pluralism, personal identity, and freedom of conscience, takes up the concept of identity, and contrasts cultural and religious pluralism. He argues that the issues of ... More


Compound machinery of the Commission

Jarle Trondal

in An Emergent European Executive Order

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579426
eISBN:
9780191722714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579426.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 5 benefits from an original and rich body of comparative surveys and interview data derived from current and former Commission seconded national experts (SNEs). This chapter demonstrates ... More


Diversity

Mark Chaves

in American Religion: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146850
eISBN:
9781400839957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146850.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines America's increasing religious diversity, including the increasing number of people with no religious affiliation. People often talk about religious tolerance, but the cultural ... More


The Economics of Hebrew Literacy in a World of Farmers

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter presents an economic theory that describes the choices regarding religious affiliation and the investment in children's literacy and education in a world populated by Jewish and ... More


Who Are Conservative Students?

Amy J. Binder and Kate Wood

in Becoming Right: How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145372
eISBN:
9781400844876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145372.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter asks who conservative students are by drawing on two sources. First are the surveys administered by the University of California at Los Angeles's Higher Education Research Institute to ... More


Continuity and Change in American Religion, 1972–2008

Mark Chaves and Shawna Anderson

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter describes eight trends evident in the General Social Survey (GSS) between 1972 and 2008: (i) increased religious diversity; (ii) increased affiliation among Protestants with conservative ... More


Religion and Happiness

Michael Hout and Andrew Greeley

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter discusses the link between happiness and religion. It draws on meaning-and-belonging theory to deduce that a religious affiliation heightens happiness through participation in collective ... More


The Community of All Human Beings

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoics propose a cosmopolitan theory, but not in a modern sense of the term: their cosmic city is the cosmos. The Stoic theory is also not well described as impartialist or universalist; it calls ... More


Religion

George H. Gadbois, Jr

in Judges of the Supreme Court of India: 1950 - 1989

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070610
eISBN:
9780199080755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the religion of judges. Except for a relatively small under-representation of Muslims, the religious affiliations of the judges mirror the religious composition of the ... More


Affiliated Values

Flavio M. Menezes and Paulo K. Monteiro

in An Introduction to Auction Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199275984
eISBN:
9780191602214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927598X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents the notion of affiliation and analyses its implications for equilibrium bidding functions and revenue. The notion of affiliation in a general multivariate context, and how ... More


The Relationship Between Jurors’ Religious Affiliation and Legal Attitudes

Brian H. Bornstein and Monica K. Miller

in God in the Courtroom: Religion's Role at Trial

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195328677
eISBN:
9780199869954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328677.003.003
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Legal experts have long suggested that jurors of particular religious affiliations are predisposed to favor either the prosecution/plaintiff or the defense. This chapter presents empirical research ... More


The Duality of Affiliative Motivation

Joel Weinberger, Tanya Cotler, and Daniel Fishman

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Affiliation motivation, unlike other implicit motives, seems to have a dual nature. There is a bright positive side and a dark negative side to this implicit motive. The former is best captured by ... More


Affiliating

Linford D. Fisher

in The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199740048
eISBN:
9780199949892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740048.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

What did Native participation in Anglo churches during the Awakening actually look like? Drawing on an analysis of the records of several Anglo-American churches, this chapter makes more concrete an ... More


The People Are One Community

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter characterizes religion as a major contributor to the seemingly endless conflicts between different persuasions and cultures. These conflicts and the attendant atrocities committed against ... More


Self-Constructions:: An Existentialist Approach to Self and Social Identity

Mariam Thalos

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Social relations are the core of a human self. Affiliations shape our social world, and ultimately alliances are the large players on the stage of human history. In the process of forging social ... More


Voter Choice

Jonathan Bendor, Daniel Diermeier, David A. Siegel, and Michael M. Ting

in A Behavioral Theory of Elections

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135076
eISBN:
9781400836802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135076.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the voter’s choice between candidates. In the context of voter choice, aspirations are internal evaluation thresholds which code an incumbent’s performance as good or bad, ... More


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