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Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book covers the science and policy issues relevant to one of the major public health disasters of modern times. It pulls together the aetiology and burden of the myriad of tobacco-related ... More


Hypertension

Jaye P. F. Chin and Anthony M. Dart

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The aetiology of hypertension remains obscure in the majority of cases, and treatment, therefore, somewhat empirical. However, abnormalities in the structure and function of the vasculature are ... More


Supportive Care in Heart Failure

James Beattie and Sarah Goodlin (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Heart failure occurs in almost epidemic proportions, placing a huge burden on both the healthcare system, and sufferers and their families. The care of this group of patients has evolved ... More


Genetic sciences for developmentalists: an example of reading ability and disability

Elena L. Grigorenko

in Neuroscience in Education: The good, the bad, and the ugly

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600496
eISBN:
9780191739187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0049
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

There is more and more traffic at the junction of genomic and social sciences, creating a complex pattern of intersecting questions, studies, and research possibilities. And it is likely to become ... More


Other tumour-associated problems

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0026
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter focuses on renal failure, adrenal failure, hypercalcaemia, paraneoplastic syndromes, cachexia, limb oedema, and thrombosis. In it, the epidemiology, aetiology, interventions, and ... More


Medicine and Religion: Between Competition and Cooperation

Joseph Ziegler

in Medicine and Religion c.1300: The Case of Arnau de Vilanova

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207269
eISBN:
9780191677595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207269.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In the context of the traditional tensions between medicine and religion in Christian society, this chapter discusses the points of potential friction ... More


Cardiac Cachexia

Mitja Lainscak, Anja Sandek, and Anker D. Stefan

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter concentrates on the pathophysiology of cardiac cachexia. It also discusses the possible clinical implications, and outlines the potential future development of therapeutic strategies. In ... More


Cognitive Impairment

Giuseppe Zuccalà, Alice Laudisio, and Roberto Bernabei

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter starts by addressing the epidemiology and aetiology of heart failure (HF) with cognitive impairment. The clinical features and treatment of cognitive impairment associated with HF are ... More


The Elderly Patient With Heart Failure

Christopher Ward and Neil Gillespie

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter starts by discussing older patients, and by presenting the aspirations of patients with heart failure (HF) and specific age-related problems. The aetiology of HF in the elderly and the ... More


The Sceptics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the sceptical attacks on dogmatic accounts of cause and explanation, beginning with the Eight Modes of Aenesidemus, before moving on to discuss Sextus Empiricus’ ... More


Issues to consider in interpretation of trends

Anthony Swerdlow, Isable Dos Santos silva, and Richard Doll

in Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the issues to consider when interpreting data on cancer trends. These include mortality data, cancer registration data, comparison of mortality and incidence trends, ... More


Strategies of prevention: the individual and the population: (reprinted from first edition) *

G. Rose

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0037
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews two strategies for preventing coronary heart disease. The individual or clinical approach seeks to identify and help those in whom an amalgam of genetic susceptibility and ... More


5-HT in migraine: evidence from 5-HT receptor antagonists for a neuronal aetiology

J.R. Fozard

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The fact that antagonists at certain 5-HT receptor subtypes are effective in the prophylaxis or treatment of migraine implicates the endogenous amine in a causal role in the condition. On the basis ... More


5-HT in migraine: evidence from 5-HT1-like receptor agonists for a vascular aetiology

P.P.A. Humphrey, W. Feniuk, and M.J. Perren

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Regardless of the many considerations, GR43175 has been shown to be effective when administered subcutaneously and orally as well as when administered intravenously in the treatment of acute ... More


Prediction of myopia in children

Jane Gwiazda, Joseph Bauer, Frank Thorn, and Richard Held

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Children who become myopic generally do so sometime between seven and thirteen years of age. The aetiology of this school-age myopia has been debated for centuries. The latest research indicates ... More


The management of sweating

Mary Miller

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Sweating is an uncommon symptom, but it creates great discomfort in patients with advanced cancer. Sweating is the secretion of fluids, primarily water and sodium chloride, from the sweat glands onto ... More


Myelodysplastic syndromes

Ghulam Mufti and Kavita Raj

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), which are a spectrum of pre-leukaemic disorders that manifest in the elderly and can have a prolonged course. Patients afflicted with MDS ... More


Complex wounds in head and neck cancer

Diane Laverty

in Palliative Care Consultations in Head and Neck Cancer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530749
eISBN:
9780191730467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530749.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses and explores the aetiology of and treatment options for complex wounds in head and neck cancer. It examines the symptoms and management of these wounds, as well as the impact ... More


Plutarch’s Numa and the Rhetoric of Aetiology

Matthew Fox

in Fame and Infamy: Essays on Characterization in Greek and Roman Biography and Historiography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199662326
eISBN:
9780191799174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662326.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on Plutarch’s Numa. Martial’s treatment of Numa is used as an opening example, to bring out the central theme of the paper: the mutability of aetiology, and its rhetorical ... More


Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science

Daryn Lehoux, A. D. Morrison, and Alison Sharrock (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199605408
eISBN:
9780191750595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605408.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This collection of ten chapters on Lucretius' poem of the world, Dererumnatura(DRN), attempts to combine within one book and within the individual contributions the three main strands of approaches ... More


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