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Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

David B. Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the relationship between science and politics and argues for a balance between scientific independence and government oversight and control. It uses ethical theories and historical ... More


Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Chris Argyris

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

People and organizations continually strive to achieve effective action. But they do not have to do so in isolation. Available to them, especially on non-routine issues of great importance, is a ... More


Cicero in Letters: Epistolary Relations of the Late Republic

Peter White

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388510
eISBN:
9780199866717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388510.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book is a guide to the first large letter collection that survives from the Greco‐Roman world. The correspondence of Cicero consists of nearly 950 letters and embraces almost every major ... More


Conclusion

Jana Matthews and Jeff Dennis

in Lessons From the Edge: Survival Skills for Starting and Growing a Company

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168259
eISBN:
9780199849734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168259.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

For aspiring business owners, this book hopefully has inspired avoidance of “the edge”. For those who are already experiencing the edge, the book contains help for those people to evaluate the ... More


Concluding Observations

Chris Argyris

in Flawed Advice and the Management Trap: How Managers Can Know When They're Getting Good Advice and When They're Not

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195132861
eISBN:
9780199848645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132861.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes how readers can become more critical of the advice they read. The advice examined in the previous chapters contains four characteristics that limit both its validity and its ... More


Years of Uncertainty 1976–2000

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The final quarter of the twentieth century brought, at first, institutional arrest, retrenchment, and reduced funding for both research and teaching. Then came the 1992 decision, paradoxically, by a ... More


Hospital-based Palliative Care Teams: The Hospital/Hospice Interface

R. J. Dunlop and J. M. Hockley (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629807
eISBN:
9780191730061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629807.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

When the first edition of this book was written in 1990, there were only a few advisory palliative care teams working in hospitals. Since then, the number of teams has grown rapidly. The concept of ... More


Practical Politics

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Muslim Advices-to-Kings took into account Realpolitik in a way that European political writings did not, until Machiavelli. They were handbooks of political management and social psychology with a ... More


The Impact of External Economic Factors: The Role of the IMF

Susan Senior Nello

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the external economic influences that have affected democratic consolidation. The analysis concentrates on the role played by external economic actors, taking as a case study the IMF and a ... More


Impact of the Pension Protection Act on Financial Advice: What Works and What Remains to Be Done?

Lynn Pettus and R. Hall Kesmodel

in Reorienting Retirement Risk Management

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199592609
eISBN:
9780191594618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592609.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

In light of workers' lack of financial literacy and the complexity of managing retirement income, retirement advice and financial planning services must be effectively delivered to help more ... More


The Past Is Not a Foreign Country: The Historical Education of Policy

Paula S. Fass

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter provides an historical overview of the problems and issues of childrearing in American families. By the 19th century, domestic family life began to concentrate on childrearing, ... More


Rx: Volunteer: A Prescription for Healthy Aging

Adam S. Hirschfelder and Sabrina L. Reilly

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter outlines one potentially useful yet, to date, virtually unexamined practical public health application of the research on the health benefits of volunteerism — the involvement of primary ... More


Education in Wisdom

E. W. Heaton

in The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263623
eISBN:
9780191601156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263627.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyses the ‘wisdom’ and school traditions in the Old Testament books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, as shown by the instructions that they both give on various matters. Although the two ... More


Writings on Practice

William C. Chittick

in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Includes translations of a number of Bâbâ Afdal's works that stress the importance of engaging in the philosophical quest for the sake of perfecting one's soul, actualizing the intellect, achieving a ... More


Self-Help, Inc.: Makeover Culture in American Life

Micki McGee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195171242
eISBN:
9780199944088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171242.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Why doesn't self-help help? This book puts forward this paradoxical question as it looks at a world where the market for self-improvement products—books, audiotapes, and extreme makeovers—is ... More


Government Science Advice

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reflects on the importance of expert, scientific opinion in government decision‐making and describes an ideal model of the role of expertise in government. It discusses some problems ... More


Conclusion: Balancing Scientific Autonomy and Government Control

David B. Resnik

in Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195375893
eISBN:
9780199866632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375893.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter summarizes the major themes in the book and offers some policy recommendations for government science advice, government funding decisions, science with national security implications, ... More


Advice Manuals, Informative Works, and Instructional Articles

Kate Flint

in The Woman Reader 1837–1914

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198121855
eISBN:
9780191671357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198121855.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The status and function of the advice manual changed only slowly during the nineteenth century. In its manifestations early in the period it may ... More


The multilateral framework for international assistance

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents the large number of actors involved in post-conflict economic reconstruction and focuses on the key role played by the UN and the international financial institutions (IFIs). ... More


Household Management

Jane Whittle and Elizabeth Griffiths

in Consumption and Gender in the Early Seventeenth-Century Household: The World of Alice Le Strange

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199233533
eISBN:
9780191739330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233533.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Gentry households were large and complex institutions. Ensuring that a large house, family and employees were provided with food and other requirements was a complex business. Accordingly the process ... More


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