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From Visible Harm to Relative Risk: Centralization and Fragmentation of Pharmacovigilance

Arthur Daemmrich and Jeremy Greene

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.013
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Adverse drug reactions pose distinct but potentially catastrophic risks to patients, doctors, pharmaceutical firms, and regulators. Between the early 1960s and the present, national systems were ... More


Passive smoking and health

Jonathan M. Samet

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview and introduction to the now vast data on the adverse health consequences of passive smoking, covering the risks to passive smokers, including the fetus, infants and ... More


In their own words: an epoch of deceit and deception

Channing Robertson and Richard Hurt

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the tobacco industry's efforts over the last fifty years to deceive the public against the adverse health effects of smoking and the fact that nicotine was a drug or that it ... More


The great studies of smoking and disease in the twentieth century

Michael J. Thun and S. J. Henley

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the contributions of several large prospective studies conducted over the second half of the 20th century to our understanding of the health hazards of tobacco use. Beginning in ... More


Misdiagnosis of sleep disorders in adults and children: implications for clinical practice and epidemiology

G. Stores

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There is increasing concern about the apparently high rate of misdiagnosis of various clinical conditions despite the fact that they seem to be well taught in medical training. How much more likely ... More


Choice and co-ordination of therapies: the family doctor as guide

Catherine Zollman

in Enhancing Cancer Care: Complementary therapy and support

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199297559
eISBN:
9780191730023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297559.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The task of navigating the maze of potential complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments and integrating CAM into a personal cancer care plan is often complex, time-consuming, and ... More


The Antidiscrimination Duty

Tarunabh Khaitan

in A Theory of Discrimination Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199656967
eISBN:
9780191748080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656967.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Restated in conceptually clearer terms, the antidiscrimination duty (which entails the prohibition on direct and indirect discrimination and ground-sensitive harassment, and the provision for ... More


Harnessing patients’ awareness of adverse reactions to the drugs they take

Claire Anderson and Andrew Herxheimer

in Understanding and Using Health Experiences: Improving patient care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665372
eISBN:
9780191748585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665372.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses adverse event reporting by patients and uses an example of how documentary analysis might be used to study patients’ reports. Pharmacovigilance is vital to patient safety as ... More


Palliative care for patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy

Paul Perkins and Susan Closs

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter focuses on palliative care for patients undergoing aggressive treatment, specifically for haematological patients receiving chemotherapy. In patients with haematological malignancies, ... More


Prospects for Regulation of Off-Label Drug Promotion in an Era of Expanding Commercial Speech Protection

Aaron S. Kesselheim and Michelle M. Mello

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The FDA prevents prescription drug manufacturers from directly promoting their products for uses that the FDA has not validated (“off-label” uses), but in the recent case of United States v. Caronia, ... More


Threats to Space Heritage Sites

Lisa Westwood, Beth Laura O’Leary, and Milford Wayne Donaldson

in The Final Mission: Preserving NASA's Apollo Sites

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062464
eISBN:
9780813053004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062464.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

“Threats to Space Heritage Sites” explores a number of threats to space heritage sites on Earth and the Moon. It begins with an overview of what threats mean for the significance and integrity of a ... More


The Baby-Boomers at 50: Employment Prospects for Older Workers

Richard Disney, Anita Ratcliffe, and Sarah Smith

in The Labour Market in Winter: The State of Working Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199587377
eISBN:
9780191808647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587377.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter assesses the employment opportunities for older workers, comparing them to that of the younger workers. It cites institutional changes that affected older workers including anti-age ... More


An Analysis of Tied Credits

Khadija Haq (ed.)

in Economic Growth with Social Justice: Collected Writings of Mahbub ul Haq

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199474684
eISBN:
9780199089833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474684.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It presents a developing country perspective on the limitations of tied credits. In this paper, Haq using Pakistan’s example elucidates some of the adverse effects of tied credits. However, leaving ... More


Fiscal Impacts of Abuse Cases on the U.S. Catholic Church

James T. O’Reilly and Margaret S. P. Chalmers

in The Clergy Sex Abuse Crisis and the Legal Responses

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199937936
eISBN:
9780199350209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937936.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Private International Law

The U.S. Catholic Church suffered a major economic disaster with a total cost of around $3 billion with numerous program cuts and losses, including numerous dioceses having to file bankruptcy. In ... More


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