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Surface Molecular Property Control

Robin L. Garrell and Heather D. Maynard

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Current technologies to modify surfaces and control the surface properties are reviewed, with particular emphasis on alterations for biomedical and bioanalytical applications. A brief tutorial on the ... More


Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) was born to a Viennese family living in Hungary. After obtaining a medical degree, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I, then chose Austrian citizenship ... More


 Coming of Age in the Great War: 1914–1919

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Polanyi served as a medical officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army. As time allowed, he worked on the Nernst Heat Theorem, a novel theory about the adsorption of gases and the paradoxes associated with ... More


 Karlsruhe: 1919–1920

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In preparation for a scientific career in Germany, Polanyi chose Australian citizenship and was baptized as a Roman Catholic. During his doctoral studies at Karlsruhe, Polanyi completed his thesis on ... More


 The Fiber Institute: 1920–1923

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Fritz Haber hired Polanyi to work in the Fiber Chemistry Group of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin. Polanyi helped develop the rotating-crystal method of X-ray crystallography, made solid ... More


 Institute for Physical Chemistry: 1923–1933

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

After establishing his credentials as a scientist, Polanyi was transferred to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry and was allowed to focus on reaction rates and ... More


MATTER IN DISPERSION

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses dispersed matter. Topics covered include disperse phases, stabilization of disperse systems, the Gibbs relation, adsorption isotherms, surface films of sparingly soluble ... More


Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Bob Aveyard

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Characteristically, surfactants in aqueous solution adsorb at interfaces and form aggregates (micelles of various shapes and sizes, microemulsion droplets, and lyotropic liquid crystalline phases). ... More


Soil Adsorption Phenomena

Garrison Sposito

in The Chemistry of Soils

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190630881
eISBN:
9780197559710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630881.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Adsorption experiments involving soil particles typically are performed in a sequence of three steps: (1) reactio of an adsorptive (ion or molecule) with a soil contacting an aqueous solution of ... More


Adsorption of surfactants at liquid/vapour and liquid/liquid interfaces

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The variation of interfacial tension of a solution with surfactant concentration in bulk can be used, in conjunction with the Gibbs adsorption equation, to probe the behaviour of adsorbed surfactant ... More


Particles in monolayers and thin liquid films

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Small particles can adsorb strongly at fluid interfaces and form monolayers which can be studied using a Langmuir trough. For sufficiently large particles the monolayers can be viewed ... More


The Gibbs-Thomson Equation: Surfaces

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The external surface of a material has an atomic or molecular structure that is different from the bulk material. So does any internal interface within a material. Because of this, the energy of a ... More


Soil Particle Surface Charge

Garrison Sposito

in The Chemistry of Soils

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190630881
eISBN:
9780197559710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630881.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Structural charge arises on the surfaces of soil mineral particles in which either cation vacancies or isomorphic substitutions of cations by cations of lower valence occur. The principal minerals ... More


Electrostatic Adsorption of Anions

G. L. Ji

in Chemistry of Variable Charge Soils

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097450
eISBN:
9780197560846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097450.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

Electrostatic adsorption of anions is one of the important characteristics of variable charge soils. This is caused by the fundamental feature that these soils carry a large quantity of positive ... More


Recent Advances in Vadose Zone Flow and Transport Modeling

M. TH. Van Genuchten and E. A. Sudicky

in Vadose Zone Hydrology: Cutting Across Disciplines

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195109900
eISBN:
9780197561058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195109900.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The fate and transport of a variety of chemicals migrating from industrial and municipal waste disposal sites, or applied to agricultural lands, is increasingly becoming a concern. Once released ... More


Adsorption of surfactants at liquid interfaces: thermodynamics

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The thickness and hence material content of a surface is generally unknown, and there are two common definitions of a surface/interface. In one the surface is treated as a phase distinct from the ... More


Dynamic aspects of liquid interfaces

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Following the rapid formation of the surface of a surfactant so′′lution, the dynamic interfacial tension falls with time as a result of the finite time needed for surfactant adsorption. Surfaces can ... More


Adsorption of surfactants at solid/liquid interfaces

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The physical properties of solid/liquid interfaces are more diverse than those of liquid/fluid interfaces, and consequently the interactions giving rise to adsorption of surfactant or polymeric ... More


Surfaces and surfactants

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Surfaces, or more generally, interfaces, are important in soft matter by two reasons. The weak forces associated with surfaces, such as the surface tension and inter-surface forces, are important in ... More


Adsorption Isotherms and 13C Solid-state NMR Study of Hazardous Organic Compounds Sorbed on Coal Fly Ash

Daniel A. Netzel and Francis P. Miknis

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Fly ash is a by-product from the combustion of coal. The 1985 annual US production was estimated to be about 1 x 108 metric tons. The utilization of fly ash during the 1980s remained stable at ... More


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