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The Age of Administrative Reforms

Sabino Cassese

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The first section of the chapter discusses the factors that give rise to a need for administrative reform in the public sector: the size and stability of public administrations means that they change ... More


Dismantling and Rebuilding the Weberian State

B. Guy Peters

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The title of this chapter reflects an important question about the contemporary development of public administration and its role within the contemporary state. It is clear that the public sectors in ... More


Administrative Reform

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The fiscal crisis experienced in Japan from the mid-1970s gave rise to a broadly based campaign of administrative reform associated with the work of the Second Provisional Commission for ... More


Bureaucracy and Democracy in the Final Decades of the Monarchy, 1890–1914

John Deak

in Forging A Multinational State: State Making in Imperial Austria from the Enlightenment to the First World War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804795579
eISBN:
9780804795937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795579.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter abstract: Chapter 6 covers the period between 1895 and the year 1914, which was marked by parliamentary crises, political stalemates, and the start of the First World War. The important role ... More


The Crimean War and Administrative Reform

G. R. Searle

in Entrepreneurial Politics in Mid-Victorian Britain

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203575
eISBN:
9780191675874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203575.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

On January 26, 1854, Britain's House of Commons passed John A. Roebuck's motion of censure, which destroyed the Aberdeen coalition and led to the creation of the Sebastopol Committee. The movement ... More


The Normalization of the European Commission: Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive

Anchrit Wille

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199665693
eISBN:
9780191755989
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665693.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The European Commission is evolving into a normal executive. In the 1950s, it started out as a technocratic international organization, but it has acquired many of the organizational features and ... More


From Industrial Policy to a Regulatory State: Contrasting Institutional Change in Britain and France

Mark Thatcher

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter compares industrial policy and economic regulation in Britain and France in order to consider national capacities to alter institutions and policy norms. Analyses of the period between ... More


Economical Reform in the ‘Decade’ of Reform, 1830–1841

PHILIP HARLING

in The Waning of ‘Old Corruption’: The Politics of Economical Reform in Britain, 1779-1846

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205760
eISBN:
9780191676772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205760.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Despite Tory fears, the Whig commitment to constitutional reform neither destroyed the authority of the traditional ruling élite nor devalued financial and administrative reforms as a means of ... More


Rekindling Governments from Within: Getting Public Sector Elite Officials to Support Government Reform in Brazil

Monica Pinhanez

in The Role of Elites in Economic Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659036
eISBN:
9780191749032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659036.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows how an elite cadre of public sector officials played a key role in the success of administrative reforms in Brazil’s state tax administration bureaus in the 1990s. The success of ... More


The Commission and Administrative Reform

Hussein Kassim

in The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Following the resignation of the Santer Commission, the Prodi College enacted a comprehensive administrative reform programme between 2000 and 2005. Although earlier studies have examined the ... More


Organization

Peter Knoepfel

in Public Policy Resources

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447345053
eISBN:
9781447345091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447345053.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter deals with Organization which is the existence (or absence) of adequate internal and external structures and procedures that enable an actor to pursue their interests and values during ... More


Crisis, Reform, and Constitutionalization

Paul Craig

in EU Administrative Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568628
eISBN:
9780191739415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568628.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the impact of the resignation of the Santer Commission, which had profound significance for EU administration, and the controls to which it was subject. The resignation ... More


The Reinvention of the European Commission

Anchrit Wille

in The Normalization of the European Commission: Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199665693
eISBN:
9780191755989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665693.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter describes how political and administrative reforms have changed the basic accountability system of the European Commission over the last decade. It is shown how the vision and values, ... More


Labour of Sisyphus: administrative reform in Romania

Tom Gallagher

in Romania and the European Union: How the Weak Vanquished the Strong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077432
eISBN:
9781781702260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077432.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores the failure of the European Union (EU)'s plans to promote a professional civil service. Finance remained one of the weakest central ministries. The government showed an ... More


Utilitarianism and Bureaucracy: The Views of J. S. Mill

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines John Stuart Mill's views on utilitarianism and bureaucracy, with particular emphasis on those dilemmas about administration that we can see in his writings. It first offers some ... More


From Mandarins to Managers: The Senior Civil Service

Anchrit Wille

in The Normalization of the European Commission: Politics and Bureaucracy in the EU Executive

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199665693
eISBN:
9780191755989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665693.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Senior officials play a pivotal role in the Commission, linking the political to the administrative system. The logic of the political–bureaucratic system forces them to pay attention, on the one ... More


Power and Justice

Maura E. Hametz

in In the Name of Italy: Nation, Family, and Patriotism in a Fascist Court

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243396
eISBN:
9780823243433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243396.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the development of the Italian administrative and justice systems under Fascism. It explores the Fascist state’s expectations for nationalism and patriotism in the context of ... More


Governing and Administrative Reform

Bengt Jacobsson, Jon Pierre, and Göran Sundström

in Governing the Embedded State: The Organizational Dimension of Governance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199684168
eISBN:
9780191764714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684168.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines how governing strategies that have been observed and conceptualized in earlier chapters relate to ideas and decisions within the policy field that explicitly deals with these ... More


Independent Nations: The Parochial Administration of the Poor Law and Beyond

David Eastwood

in Governing Rural England: Tradition and Transformation in Local Government 1780-1840

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204817
eISBN:
9780191676406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204817.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the essence and parochial administration of the poor law, which articulated authority within parishes, sharply defining the office-holding elite of leading ratepayers, and ... More


The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Hussein Kassim, John Peterson, Michael W. Bauer, Sara Connolly, Renaud Dehousse, Liesbet Hooghe, and Andrew Thompson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Drawing on original data from an online survey and a programme of interviews conducted by an international team of researchers, this book examines the internal working of the European Commission and ... More


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