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Problems of Authority and Language in Newton’s Chymistry: The Concept of the Adept

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces a host of related linguistic and interpretive issues that emerge from Newton's self-identification as a would-be adept. From the beginning of his serious chymical studies in the ... More


Johann de Monte-Snyders in Newton’s Alchemy

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on self-proclaimed adept Johann de Monte-Snyders or “Snyders” as Newton usually calls him, who increasingly influenced Newton from the mid-1680s onward. More than any other ... More


The Material Culture of Weapons in the Civil War

Earl J. Hess (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Troops in both armies cherished their guns, not only as weapons necessary for their survival, but also as an extension of the physical self. They sometimes domesticated their guns by giving them ... More


Adepts, Their Families, and the Imperium

Robert Ford Campany

in Making Transcendents: Ascetics and Social Memory in Early Medieval China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833336
eISBN:
9780824870218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833336.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter demonstrates that the patrilineal family and the body of ritual that sustained it—the cult of ancestors—depended for their continued existence not only on the uninterrupted generation of ... More


The Alchemical Heyday

Paul Kléber Monod

in Solomon's Secret Arts: The Occult in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123586
eISBN:
9780300195392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123586.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the nature of alchemy and argues that, in order to understand the concept, it is necessary to first imagine the lives of the members of a diverse intellectual community before ... More


Meeting the Great Brahmin in Rituals, Paintings, and Dreams

Kurtis R. Schaeffer

in Dreaming the Great Brahmin: Tibetan Traditions of the Buddhist Poet-Saint Saraha

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173734
eISBN:
9780199850303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173734.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the works of Saraha in the context of rituals, visual arts, praise literature, and dream journeys. It attempts to show that Saraha was not merely a master of the past for ... More


The Celestial Treasures of Buddha Amitābha

Georgios T. Halkias

in Luminous Bliss: A Religious History of Pure Land Literature in Tibet

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835903
eISBN:
9780824871314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835903.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter shows that the short lineage of Buddhist Treasure literature established its legitimization on the premise that its texts were concealed in the past by reputable masters and later ... More


The Transcendent’s Cultural Repertoire

Robert Ford Campany

in Making Transcendents: Ascetics and Social Memory in Early Medieval China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833336
eISBN:
9780824870218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833336.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the esoteric practices of transcendence-seekers, most of which were claimed to lengthen lifespan, and were not widely known since they were (allegedly at least) transmitted ... More


Deeper Repertoire Analysis: “Avoiding Grains”

Robert Ford Campany

in Making Transcendents: Ascetics and Social Memory in Early Medieval China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833336
eISBN:
9780824870218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833336.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on adepts’ avoidance of “grains” or duangu (cutting off grains). This regimen directed adepts to minimize or entirely avoid eating things considered to be staple foods in the ... More


Adepts and Their Communities

Robert Ford Campany

in Making Transcendents: Ascetics and Social Memory in Early Medieval China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833336
eISBN:
9780824870218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833336.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes adepts in relation to their communities. Many practitioners of transcendence arts, for all their alleged secrecy and social disengagement, were visible, talked-about public ... More


Hagiographic Persuasions

Robert Ford Campany

in Making Transcendents: Ascetics and Social Memory in Early Medieval China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833336
eISBN:
9780824870218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833336.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter asserts that every instance of discourse about a holy person, whether oral or written, is an attempt at persuasion. This feature is common to hagiographic writings, one of which is the ... More


Examining Agency, Discourses of Destiny, and Creative Power in the Biography of a Tibetan Child Tertön

Amy Holmes-Tagchungdarpa

in The Study of Children in Religions: A Methods Handbook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776469
eISBN:
9780814777466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776469.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores how scholars can engage in child-centered analyses of biographies, particularly those written about spiritually adept children. The biography of Namchö Mingyur Dorje is an ... More


Structuring and Organizing the Missionary Effort

Sébastien Billioud

in Reclaiming the Wilderness: Contemporary Dynamics of the Yiguandao

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529133
eISBN:
9780197529164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529133.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter emphasizes the importance of two elements that are critical for the success of Yiguandao’s expansionary ambition: the training of talents able to efficiently proselytize and the ... More


The Production of Missionary-Adepts

Sébastien Billioud

in Reclaiming the Wilderness: Contemporary Dynamics of the Yiguandao

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529133
eISBN:
9780197529164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529133.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Chapter 1 introduces the notion or ideal-type of a missionary-adept in order to highlight the importance of proselytizing for Yiguandao adepts. The typical itinerary of the adept is detailed, with ... More


Confirming One’s Faith

Sébastien Billioud

in Reclaiming the Wilderness: Contemporary Dynamics of the Yiguandao

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529133
eISBN:
9780197529164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529133.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Using a Weberian theoretical framework, chapter 2 focuses on the ways faith is confirmed. The issue of confirmation (Bewährung) is of the utmost importance since faith is hardly definitely acquired ... More


Production of Charisma Within the Yiguandao

Sébastien Billioud

in Reclaiming the Wilderness: Contemporary Dynamics of the Yiguandao

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529133
eISBN:
9780197529164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529133.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Yiguandao’s Patriarch Zhang Tianran (1889–1947) managed to turn a small sectarian movement into a mass organization with millions of adepts. Although he passed away in 1947, his charisma did not ... More


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