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Sleeping Versus Waking

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The anti-histamines you take to treat your cold symptoms make you drowsy while coffee can keep you awake. These two rather complex processes of the brain — waking and sleeping — are partially ... More


Alarmones

Antonio Lazcano, Arturo Becerra, and Luis Delaye

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the significance of alarmones, analogous to plant and animal hormones. It considers the remarkable conservation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), a social hormone ... More


Robustness of Oscillations in Biological Systems

Jongrae Kim and Declan G. Bates

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter takes a robust control approach to the robustness of oscillatory behavior, using oscillations in the social amoeba Dictyostelium as an illustrative example. It uses the proposed methods ... More


Mechanisms of dopamine-mediated incentive learning

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Mechanisms of dopamine-mediated incentive learning explains how sensory events, resulting from an animal’s movement and the environment, activate cortical glutamatergic projections to dendritic ... More


Dopamine receptor subtypes and incentive learning

Richard J. Beninger

in Life's rewards: Linking dopamine, incentive learning, schizophrenia, and the mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198824091
eISBN:
9780191862755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824091.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Dopamine receptor subtypes and incentive learning explains that dopamine receptors are G protein-coupled and form two families: D1-like receptors, including D1 and D5, stimulate adenylyl cyclase and ... More


Energetics of Locomotion

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

The energetic costs of terrestrial locomotion are placed in the context of the fuel sources that animals use for generating adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and how these fuel sources affect an animal’s ... More


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