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Smoking and cancer of the oesophagus

Eva Negri

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cancer of the oesophagus. In 2002, it was estimated that there were 315,000 new cases of oesophageal cancer (OC) among men and 145,000 ... More


Oncology and Palliative Care

Nigel Lane, Louise Powter, and Sam Patel (eds)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199680269
eISBN:
9780191918360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680269.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Paediatric Trauma

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0016
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Gynaecological cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter covers the most prevalent types of gynaecological cancer, including the universally recognized symptoms and treatment of such diseases. It begins with cervical cancer, which is the third ... More


Salivary gland diseases

Max Robinson, Keith Hunter, Michael Pemberton, and Philip Sloan

in Soames' & Southam's Oral Pathology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697786
eISBN:
9780191918483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697786.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

The salivary glands consist of three paired major glands—parotid, sub­mandibular, and sublingual—and the countless minor salivary glands found in almost every part of ... More


Esophageal Cancer

WILLIAM J. BLOT, JOSEPH K. MCLAUGHLIN, and JOSEPH F. FRAUMENI

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of esophageal cancer. It describes the known and suspected causes of esophageal cancer, with emphasis on the differences in risk factors between adenocarcinoma ... More


Cancers of the Colon and Rectum

EDWARD GIOVANNUCCI and KANA WU

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the epidemiology of colorectal cancer, focusing on adenocarcinomas, which comprise the vast majority of the cases. The etiologies of colon and rectal cancer overlap, but the ... More


Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Ellen Chang and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The distinctive racial/ethnic and geographic distribution of NPC worldwide suggests that both environmental factors and genetic traits contribute to its development. Well-established risk factors for ... More


Esophageal Cancer

Olof Nyrén and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In large parts of the world, esophageal cancer is a very common disease, and the potential for cure is worse than for most other malignancies. The remarkably uneven geographic distribution, and the ... More


Lucké Renal Adenocarcinoma

Robert G. Mckinnell and Debra L. Carlson

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The Lucké renal adenocarcinoma of northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) was originally described by Balduin Lucké during the 1930s. The depletion of frog populations has been a major concern of ... More


Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS), Polytrauma, Limb Salvage, and UK Trauma Guidelines

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Pyrexia of Unknown Origin (PUO)

Mark Melzer

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0033
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Petersdorf and Beeson defined pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) in 1961. It is defined as an illness more than three weeks’ duration, with a fever > 38.3°C ... More


Esophageal Cancer

Christian C. Abnet, Olof Nyrén, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Esophageal cancer shows distinct geographic distributions, changing incidence rates, and primary risk factors when examined separately as squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell ... More


Esophageal Cancer

William J. Blot and Robert E. Tarone

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Cancer of the esophagus is the eighth most common malignancy worldwide in terms of incident cases and the sixth most common for cancer deaths. The two main histopathologic subtypes, esophageal ... More


Stomach Cancer

Catherine de Martel and Julie Parsonnet

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Stomach cancer is the fifth most common incident cancer worldwide and the third leading cause of cancer death. Almost half of the world’s cases occur in Asia, with 42% in China alone. Although the ... More


Small Intestine Cancer

Jennifer L. Beebe-Dimmer, Fawn D. Vigneau, and David Schottenfeld

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The small intestine extends 6–7 meters from the gastric pylorus to its insertion into the large intestine. Its mucosal surface contains 90% of the absorptive surface area of the digestive tract. ... More


Anal Cancer

Andrew E. Grulich, Fengyi Jin, and I. Mary Poynten

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0037
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Anal canal cancer is a generally uncommon cancer that has been increasing in incidence for several decades. In most geographic locations, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for 70% or more of ... More


Gynaecological Oncology

Sambit Mukhopadhyay and Medha Sule (eds)

in Tasks for Part 3 MRCOG Clinical Assessment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198757122
eISBN:
9780191917035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198757122.003.0023
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

abstract This task assesses the following clinical skills: • Patient safety • Communication with patients and their relatives • Information gathering • Applied clinical knowledge Your consultant has ... More


Hepatopancreaticobiliary Surgery

Richard G. Molloy, Graham J. MacKay, Campbell S. Roxburgh, and Martha M. Quinn (eds)

in SBAs and EMIs for the General Surgery FRCS

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198794158
eISBN:
9780191917134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794158.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Questions Single Best Answers A 33 year old male with a long history of dry eyes presents with a 1–month history of obstructive jaundice and abdominal pain. Which blood test may be helpful in ... More


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