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Interpreting the Additionality of CDM Projects: Changes in Additionality Definitions and Regulatory Practices over Time

Michaelowa Axel

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

The concept of the ‘additionality’ of the emission reduction achieved by a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project lies at the heart of the CDM rules. The essential idea underlying the concept of ... More


Debt Relief in Low‐Income Countries: Background, Evolution, and Effects

Graham Bird and Robert Powell

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The conventional modalities for providing financial assistance to low-income countries have been foreign aid and debt relief. Although some attention has been paid to establishing new methods of ... More


Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This book is about holistic innovation policy: its theoretical foundations, its problem-oriented approach, and its instrument choices. We start with the observation that most of the current ... More


Why We Need an Holistic Innovation Policy: Goals, Problems, and Instruments

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter introduces the main idea of the book, namely, the theoretical foundations, the problem-oriented approach, and the focus on the instrument choices of an holistic innovation policy. The ... More


Innovations: A Systems Activities Approach

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter comes to grips with the nature of innovation and systems of innovation. It identifies ten specific activities that define systems of innovation. The ten activities are specific elements ... More


Innovation Policy: An Holistic and Problem-Based Approach

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter develops the core of the argument regarding the specific assumptions and theoretical propositions about the role and limits of innovation policy. The theoretical basis for the holistic ... More


Knowledge Production and R&D

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Who produces scientific and technical knowledge these days? What type of knowledge is being produced, and for what purposes? This chapter studies the role of public policy in knowledge production ... More


Functional Procurement as Demand-Side Innovation Policy

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Public procurement occurs when public agencies purchase products (goods, services, and systems). The rationale, purpose, and starting point of public procurement should always be to solve societal ... More


Change of Organizations: Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Organizations are crucial elements in innovation systems. Yet, their role is so ubiquitous that it is difficult to grasp and to examine all kinds of organization that are present in an innovation ... More


Public Financing of Early-Stage Innovations

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Financing innovation processes is one of the crucial activities for developing commercially successful products and processes (innovations) and to facilitate their diffusion in the innovation system. ... More


The Choice of Innovation Policy Instruments

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the different types of instruments of innovation policy, to examine how governments and public agencies in different countries and different times have used ... More


Building the Theoretical Foundations for an Holistic Innovation Policy

Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

in Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198809807
eISBN:
9780191847141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809807.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The purpose of this chapter is to provide a summary of the main arguments and conclusions in the book, and to highlight its main contributions. Taking the point of departure from the book’s ... More


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