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Adding Value

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter describes financial relationships between competitive advantage, economic rent, added value, and various other measures of firm performance.


The Business of Economics

John Kay

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The first section of the book is concerned with how economics is, and should be used, in business. It stresses that the value of economics lies in being able to provide us with a better understanding ... More


The Value of Competitive Advantage

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Using examples from supermarket chains, car manufacturers, and banks, this chapter explains how competitive advantage can be quantified in the form of added value or economic rent. It is then ... More


Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

The current financial crisis has caused many of us to question the motives and actions that drive the business world. Even the basic notion that firms should be run so as to maximize shareholder ... More


No Free Lunches

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Discussing the irrelevance of corporate finance to firm valuation, this chapter provides support for the assertion that the profitability of a business can only be the result of its underlying ... More


Appropriability

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

If a competitive advantage is to form the basis of corporate success, it must also be appropriable. Appropriability is the capacity of the firm to retain the added value it creates for its own ... More


The Japanese Tax System

Hiromitsu Ishi

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The Japanese tax system has notably changed through the periods of post‐World War II; i.e., reconstruction, rapid economic growth, and recent economic stagnation. In order to clarify the function and ... More


The Value Added Tax

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The value‐added tax was finally introduced in Japan in April 1989, after long‐standing trial and error by the government. The whole picture of Japan's VAT must be clarified before and after its ... More


Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

John Kay

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Corporate success derives from a competitive advantage, which is based on distinctive capabilities. Competitive advantage relates to the unique character of a firm's relationship with its suppliers, ... More


The Belgian Permanent Representation to the European Union: Mailbox, Messenger, or Representative?

Bart Kerremans and Jan Beyers

in The National Co-ordination of EU Policy: The European Level

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199248056
eISBN:
9780191601545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248052.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to examine the role of the Belgian permanent representation to the European Union from two angles. The first is sceptical, and asks, in light of the presence of all ... More


Pick a Name, Any Name: Economic Profit, Residual Income, or Economic Value Added

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

in Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Economic value added (EVA) is based on the concept of residual income. For the financial accountant, there is no cost for equity capital. However, for the financial economist, a cost is associated ... More


Adding Value

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Using the example of six British supermarket chains, different measures of corporate performance are evaluated while their strengths and weaknesses are discussed. Added value is identified as the ... More


The Industry

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the concept of the strategic audit. It begins with the identification of the customers’ needs and characteristics, while, by understanding the value chain, costs, returns, and ... More


Mergers

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Mergers can add value when they enable distinctive capabilities to be exploited more widely or more effectively. However, as it is most often the case, mergers and alliances are the result of ... More


The Strategic Audit

John Kay

in The Business of Economics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292227
eISBN:
9780191596520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292228.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the concept of the strategic audit. This begins with the identification of the company's distinctive capabilities and the subsequent selection of markets that can make the ... More


Architecture

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

‘Architecture’ is introduced as the first of the three primary sources of distinctive capabilities and it refers to a network of relationship contracts within, or around, the firm. It can be ... More


A World Factory in Global Production Chains: Estimating Imported Value-Added in Exports by the People's Republic of China

Robert Koopman, Robert Wang, and Shang–Jin Wei

in Costs and Benefits of Economic Integration in Asia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753987
eISBN:
9780199896783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753987.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The rise of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in world trade has brought both benefits and anxiety to other economies. For many policy questions, it is crucial to know the extent of foreign ... More


Vertical Relationships

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses vertical relationships and the allocation of added value among stakeholders. This allocation will depend on the design of the contract, which will also influence the risk ... More


Reputation

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The second primary distinctive capability is ‘Reputation’, as it is the most important commercial mechanism for conveying information. Reputation can be costly to build, yet once established, it can ... More


Project Evaluation Using the New Metrics

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

in Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Single-period performance measures made popular by VBM vendors for the evaluation of a firm's ongoing operations can easily be misinterpreted and misused to evaluate period-by-period performance of ... More


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