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From Disintegrated Architectures of Cognition to an Integrated Heuristic Toolbox

Peter M. Todd and Lael J. Schooler

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter demonstrates how grand unified theories of cognition can be combined with the idea that the mind is a collection of disparate simple mechanisms. It first describes the “adaptive toolbox” ... More


Simple Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Social Behavior

Ralph Hertwig and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter shows how simple heuristics can be an essential tool for navigating the complexities and vagaries of social environments. The research program on the nature of social rationality ... More


The Fast and Frugal Heuristics School

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Fast and frugal school researchers emphasize that evolutionary pressures guarantee that we will generally do a good job making “ecologically rational” choices, using inborn capacities to process ... More


Evolved Decision Makers in Organizations

Peter DeScioli, Robert Kurzban, and Peter M. Todd

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Managers and leaders in organizations commonly use incentives to influence people's behavior. However, people are much more than simple incentive-chasers, they are computational problem solvers. Here ... More


Cognitive Paternalism

F. H. Buckley

in Fair Governance: Paternalism and Perfectionism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195341263
eISBN:
9780199866892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341263.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Cognitive paternalism would impeach choices which are misshaped by our judgment heuristics, instincts, or emotions. An important empirical literature at the border of psychology and economics suggest ... More


Objections to the Fast and Frugal School Program *

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H&B scholars suspect that F&F researchers do not so much describe cognitive processes in careful detail as imagine processes that would serve imputed adaptive ends. For instance, the F&F description ... More


Multi‐Process Theories

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the contours of those theories that assume that a single cognitive competence, for instance, inductive reasoning, is underwritten by several cognitive processes (a branch of ... More


Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and ABC Research Group (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others. The social world is a terrain where ... More


Can Simple Heuristics Explain Moral Inconsistencies?

Nadine Fleischhut and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

From virtue theory to moral psychology to behavioral economics, a range of disciplines have explained behavior in moral situations by states of the individual mind, such as character traits, moral ... More


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