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The Evolution of an Adaptive Radiation

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the progression of adaptive radiation of anoles in the Greater Antilles. It describes the factors that have instigated anole diversification and analyzes whether rates and ... More


Are Anoles Special, and If So, Why?

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers why anoles are so special and what the future holds for the lizards themselves. Anoles are ideal subjects for developing new approaches and testing important and general ... More


How Humans Influence Evolution on Adaptive Landscapes

Andrew P. Hendry, Virginie Millien, Andrew Gonzalez, and Hans C. E. Larsson

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines three basic ways in which humans can alter evolution on adaptive landscapes: through changes in topography, changes in dimensionality, and phenotypic excursions. Changes in ... More


Adaptive Radiation: Phylogenetic Constraints and Ecological Consequences

Peter W. Price

in Specialization, Speciation, and Radiation: The Evolutionary Biology of Herbivorous Insects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251328
eISBN:
9780520933828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251328.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A fundamental question in evolutionary biology is how adaptive radiation proceeds on continents, where most of it occurs. The question is most pressing when insects are considered, especially in ... More


Macroevolution

David W. Pfennig and Karin S. Pfennig

in Evolution's Wedge: Competition and the Origins of Diversity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520274181
eISBN:
9780520954045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520274181.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The relationship between microevolution and macroevolution has long been controversial. Much of this controversy centers on whether the same processes cause evolution at both scales. Although many ... More


Coadaptive diversification of lice

Dale H. Clayton, Sarah E. Bush, and Kevin P. Johnson

in Coevolution of Life on Hosts: Integrating Ecology and History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226302133
eISBN:
9780226302300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226302300.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Coadaptive diversification occurs when one of two interacting lineages diversifies in response to coadaptation between those lineages. This chapter reviews evidence suggesting that bird lice have ... More


Ecology and Adaptive Radiation

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptive radiation is the evolutionary divergence of members of a clade to adapt to different ecological niches in a variety of ways. The theory of adaptive radiation in anoles suggests that this ... More


Long-Term Experimental Evolution and Adaptive Radiation

Michael Travisano

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Long-term evolution studies are selection experiments that are particularly useful for understanding the causes of evolutionary change. Adaptive radiation is one of the major features of evolution ... More


Adaptation: A Map for Evolution

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation provides the answer to this book’s questions about the fit (and occasional lack of fit) of form with function, the diversity and progression of life, and the distribution and abundance of ... More


Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Jonathan Losos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptive radiation—which results when a single ancestral species gives rise to many descendants, each adapted to a different part of the environment—is possibly the single most important source of ... More


Adaptation and adaptive radiation

Geoffrey E. Hill

in Mitonuclear Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198818250
eISBN:
9780191859465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818250.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A key outcome of evolution by natural selection is adaptation. Since the beginning of the age of genetics, evolutionary biologists have focused on the evolution of nuclear genes as the basis for ... More


Diversity of a Form

Wade C. Sherbrooke

in Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228252
eISBN:
9780520926752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228252.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on the characteristics, evolutionary history, and historical distribution of horned lizards. It discusses adaptive radiation, an evolutionary process that enabled horned lizards ... More


The Early Cambrian Radiation of Mollusca

Pavel Yu. Parkhaev

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the radiation of the Mollusca during the early Cambrian period. It provides a brief history of the study of ancient molluscs and their systematic interpretation, describes major ... More


Adaptive Radiation

Mary Jane West-Eberhard

in Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122343
eISBN:
9780197561300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122343.003.0036
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

Adaptive radiation is the simultaneous diversification of a lineage into numerous sublineages and specializations (Simpson, 1953a). All of the species of a ... More


Speciation and Geographic Differentiation

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of speciation in adaptive radiation of anoles and then examines the geographical context of anole speciation, beginning by discussing the mechanistic approaches to the ... More


Evolutionary community ecology

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecology and evolution go hand in hand. However, since evolution occurs over relatively long time scales, ecologists had long thought it unlikely that evolutionary events could affect population ... More


Music and Mosaics: The Evolution of Human Abilities

Robert A. Foley

in Music, Language, and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199227341
eISBN:
9780191804274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199227341.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of music in the evolutionary development of human abilities. It provides an overview of current understanding of human evolution based on genetic, fossil, and ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality in Stickleback Fish

Alison M. Bell, Susan A. Foster, and Wund Matthew

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines personality in stickleback fish. Studies have shown that individual behavioral differences among populations are common in sticklebacks. By comparing groups of sticklebacks that ... More


Paleozoic Gastropoda

Jiří Frýda, Alex Nützel, and Peter J. Wagner

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes the key feature of Paleozoic Gastropoda. It reviews ideas about the early evolution of gastropods and discusses inferences drawn from teleoconch and protoconch morphologies as ... More


Emergence of complex food web structure in community evolution models

Nicolas Loeuille and Michel Loreau

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.00013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Evolutionary dynamics may help us understand the structure and dynamics of food webs. The theoretical understanding of empirical food web patterns faces a dilemma, as it is difficult to account ... More


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