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Natural selection in closed asexual populations

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mechanism of evolutionary change can be studied directly through selection experiments in laboratory microcosms. This chapter begins by describing the experimental approach to evolution, and goes ... More


How Humans Influence Evolution on Adaptive Landscapes

Andrew P. Hendry, Virginie Millien, Andrew Gonzalez, and Hans C. E. Larsson

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines three basic ways in which humans can alter evolution on adaptive landscapes: through changes in topography, changes in dimensionality, and phenotypic excursions. Changes in ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Adaptive Landscape

Erik I Svensson and Ryan Caisbeek

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright’s classic Adaptive Landscape has been a highly successful metaphor and scientific concept in evolutionary biology. It has influenced many different research subdisciplines in ... More


A Shifting Terrain: A Brief History of the Adaptive Landscape

Michael R. Dietrich and Robert A. Skipper

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter traces the origins and conceptual lineages of the adaptive landscape concept and its representations. While Armand Janet's 1895 concept arguably marks the origin of the adaptive ... More


Sewall Wright’s Adaptive Landscape: Philosophical Reflections on Heuristic Value

Robert A. Skipper and Michael R. Dietrich

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright's 1932 adaptive landscape diagram is the most influential visual heuristic in evolutionary biology. Yet, the diagram has met with criticism from biologists and philosophers since its ... More


Empirical Insights into Adaptive Landscapes from Bacterial Experimental Evolution

Tim F. Coopera

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The adaptive landscape has had a major role in shaping and motivating many experimental evolution studies. In return, these studies have made important contributions to our understanding of the ... More


Phenotype Landscapes, Adaptive Landscapes, and the Evolution of Development

Sean H. Rice

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright originally conceived of his Adaptive Landscape as a visual device to capture the consequences of non-linear (epistatic) interactions between genes. A useful way to visualise a ... More


Landscapes, Surfaces, and Morphospaces: What Are They Good For?

Massimo Pigliucci

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The adaptive landscape metaphor is one of the most persistent in evolutionary biology, and has generated much theoretical debate (if far less empirical investigation). This chapter briefly traces ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape: Testing the Predictions of his Shifting Balance Theory

Michael J. Wade

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our understanding of Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) has deepened and its empirical predictions have been enriched by the theoretical, field and laboratory experimental research. Whereas ... More


The Five Faunas Reconsidered

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Greater Antillean ecomorphs are renowned for convergence of entire communities, with the same set of ecomorphs evolving repeatedly. The mainland, the Lesser Antilles, and the unique anoles of the ... More


Existence and the Mathematics of Selection: The Adaptive Landscape versus the Fundamental Theorem

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Darwin's separation between adaptedness and existence entered into modern evolutionary theory at its root, in the population genetics work of Sewall Wright and J. B. S. Haldane. This chapter shows ... More


Scale: The Dimensions of Evolution

Douglas W. Morris and Per Lundberg

in Pillars of Evolution: Fundamental principles of the eco-evolutionary process

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198568797
eISBN:
9780191774690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568797.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Space and time represent two of the many dimensions specifying the scale of evolutionary change. Scale adds yet another intimidating level in attempts to thoroughly understand evolution, and even ... More


Adaptive Divergence

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter analyzes how the adaptive landscape concept can be extended from a single population in a single environment to multiple populations in multiple environments. Specifically, different ... More


Adaptation

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter outlines how to conceptualize and predict adaptive evolution based on information about selection and genetic variation. It introduces and explains adaptive landscapes, a concept that ... More


The Experimental Study of Reverse Evolution

Suzanne Estes and Henrique Teotónio

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the experimental researches on reverse evolution, and discusses adaptive landscape models, which provide a useful framework to quantify contingencies of evolutionary change. ... More


The ecological perspective

T.S. Kemp

in The Origin of Higher Taxa: Palaeobiological, developmental, and ecological perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199691883
eISBN:
9780191807565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691883.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

From the viewpoint of the correlated progression model of character change, a long evolving lineage experiences changes in many of its characters, associated with several, indeed in principle with ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape, Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

Fitness maximization, or optimization, is a controversial idea in evolutionary biology. One classical formulation of this idea is that natural selection will tend to push a population up a peak in an ... More


A source of divergent selection

Patrik Nosil

in Ecological Speciation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199587100
eISBN:
9780191810107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587100.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter studies the three commonly recognized sources of divergent selection. These include the differences between environments, interactions between populations, and ecologically based sexual ... More


Hill-Climbing

H. Clark Barrett

in The Shape of Thought: How Mental Adaptations Evolve

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199348305
eISBN:
9780199348336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter presents the concept of an evolutionary space or adaptive landscape and describes how the process of evolution by natural selection can be conceptualized as a process of hill-climbing on ... More


Evolutionary Biomechanics

Graham Taylor and Adrian Thomas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198566373
eISBN:
9780191779459
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566373.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ornithology

Evolutionary biomechanics is the study of evolution through the analysis of biomechanical systems. Its unique advantage is the precision with which physical constraints and performance can be ... More


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