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A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Margaret Gilbert

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Does one have special obligations to support the political institutions of one’s own country precisely because it is one’s own? In short, does one have political obligations? This book argues for an ... More


The Anxious Animal

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject: Reflections in Philosophy and Psychoanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199287086
eISBN:
9780191603921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287082.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the philosophical and psychoanalytic accounts of anxiety. The changes in Freud’s thinking about anxiety are summarized, followed by a fuller discussion of ... More


Reconsidering Actual Contract Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The actual contract theory of political obligation is reconsidered in light of a plural subject account of agreements. Given the proposed account of agreements, both immoral and coerced agreements ... More


Actual Contract Theory: Attractions

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The best-known theory of political obligation is actual contract theory: a political society is founded on an agreement, and the parties to the agreement — now the members of the society — are ... More


Objections to Actual Contract Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In spite of its long history and evident appeal, an actual contract theory of political obligation now tends to be rejected. This chapter focuses on two standard objections to the theory, the ... More


Investor Management

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Managers seek to manage their relations with investors, as with other stakeholders. This chapter outlines three elements in managerial handling of investors. The first is the role of the board of ... More


Estimating State and Local Government Pension and Retiree Health Care Liabilities

Stephen T. McElhaney

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Liabilities for pension and retiree health-care benefits provided by US state and local governments are causing concerns for taxpayers and for those holding government bonds. Many question whether ... More


The general theory of observations: Calculus of probability and the method of least squares

T. N. Thiele

in Thiele: Pioneer in Statistics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509721
eISBN:
9780191709197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509721.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter presents the translation of Thiele's most fundamental book on statistics from 1889. It can be difficult to read at times — both because of the rather complex and old-fashioned Danish ... More


Alternative Decision Criteria

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes a sample of the alternative decision criteria that have features which are normatively attractive. A standard critique made to the discounted expected utility (DEU) model that ... More


Religion in Outline

Andrew C. Dole

in Schleiermacher on Religion and the Natural Order

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195341171
eISBN:
9780199866908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341171.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter focuses on the general structure of Schleiermacher's account of religion. Beginning with an examination of the Speeches on Religion, the chapter argues that Schleiermacher's various ... More


The Measurement of Productive Efficiency and Productivity Change

Harold O. Fried, C. A. Knox Lovell, and Shelton S. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195183528
eISBN:
9780199870288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183528.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is an update of the 1993 publication of The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications. The same editors have here compiled over ten years of the most recent research ... More


Self‐interest

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the concept of ‘self‐interest’ is clarified and various views about what constitutes self‐interest are considered. According to the ‘Identity View’, in order for an individual to ... More


Population Ethics

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the implications of prioritarianism for population ethics are considered. The claim, defended in Chapter 5, that it can benefit (or harm) an individual to come into existence may ... More


Law and Morality

Jeff Mielke

in Introduction to the Problems of Legal Theory: A Translation of the First Edition of the Reine Rechtslehre or Pure Theory of Law

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265658
eISBN:
9780191682919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265658.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents the Pure Theory of Law's discussion of law and justice, and its anti-ideological stance. The Pure Theory aims to depict the law as it is, without legitimizing it as just or ... More


Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Takashi Yagisawa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realism says that non-actual possible worlds and individuals are as real as the actual world and individuals. This book defends modal realism of a variety different from David Lewis's theory. ... More


The Actual Parts Doctrine and Shortcircuit Arguments

Thomas Holden

in The Architecture of Matter: Galileo to Kant

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199263264
eISBN:
9780191601743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263264.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the actual parts doctrine, all the parts into which a material body can be divided exist as so many independent beings. Various early modern philosophers argued that this entails that ... More


Authors' Intentions, Literary Interpretation, and Literary Value

Stephen Davies

in Philosophical Perspectives on Art

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199202423
eISBN:
9780191708541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202423.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter considers three prominent theories of literary interpretation: actual intentionalism (author's intentions constrain how their works are to be interpreted), hypothetical intentionalism ... More


Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) and the Causal and Scientific Reasoning of Nonscientists

Barbara Koslowski

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Several researchers have drawn attention to the distinction between idealized models of science and descriptions of actual scientific practice (or inference to the best explanation). Several notions ... More


“Something That Is Seen, That Is Wonderful”: Jonathan Edwards and the Feeling of Conviction

Andrea Knutson

in American Spaces of Conversion: The Conductive Imaginaries of Edwards, Emerson, and James

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195370928
eISBN:
9780199870769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370928.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 18th Century and Early American Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Chapter 2 builds on chapter 1 by examining the continuities of thought between Jonathan Edwards and the previous generation of Puritan divines surrounding the concept of conversion and his ... More


The Natural Epictetans

Galen Strawson

in Freedom and Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247493
eISBN:
9780191594830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Natural Epictetans fulfil all the Structural conditions on agency, and also the Attitudinal Integration condition. They are a race of gifted, active creatures in a highly congenial world. They ... More


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