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Color Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses why animals have evolved different numbers, ranges, and placements of spectral channels in their color-vision systems. It also examines the factors, such as water transmission, ... More


Sparse Coding of Intrinsic Activity

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Since sparse coding on the cellular level was shown to be closely related to glutamate and GABAergic-mediated neural inhibition, one would suspect both to also be central in mediating the sparse ... More


Reading the Bones: Activity, Biology, and Culture

Elizabeth Weiss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054988
eISBN:
9780813053707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054988.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Do skeletal indicators used to reconstruct past people’s activity patterns actually reflect biological differences? This book reviews the literature on the most commonly utilized activity pattern ... More


A Smell Is Like a Face

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the application of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study activity patterns in smell. The patterns demonstrated by fMRI studies on the rat olfactory bulb show ... More


The Bornean carnivore community: lessons from a little-known guild

Joanna Ross, Andrew J. Hearn, and David W. Macdonald

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Niche differentiation reduces competition between species and modifies predation risk such that species coexistence is promoted. Temporal partitioning is a type of niche differentiation that has only ... More


Cycles of Activities

Wade C. Sherbrooke

in Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228252
eISBN:
9780520926752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228252.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the activity patterns of horned lizards, including their thermoregulatory behavior, dietary preferences, and hibernation. Horned lizards orient their bodies in relation to the ... More


Temporal Nestedness and “Duration Bloc”

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The concept of the “duration bloc” describes the integration of past, present, and future into one homogenous though threefold experience of time in consciousness. The book hypothesizes that the ... More


Directive Minds: How Dynamics Shapes Cognition

Andreas K. Engel

in Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014601
eISBN:
9780262289795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014601.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter elaborates on a “pragmatic turn” in the cognitive sciences, turning it away from the traditional representation-centered framework and pushing it toward a paradigm that focuses on ... More


Daily Activity and Lower Limb Modification at Bab edh-Dhra̓, Jordan, in the Early Bronze Age

Jaime M. Ullinger, Susan G. Sheridan, and Donald J. Ortner

in Bioarchaeology and Behavior: The People of the Ancient Near East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042299
eISBN:
9780813043449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042299.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The cemetery of Bab edh-Dhra' spans from Early Bronze IA to IV (ca. 3150–2200 BC). There are no settlement remains dating to the EB IA (3150–3050 BC). Sometime during EBII-III (2850 BC–2300 BC), ... More


Essentially Intentional Action Types

Kirk Ludwig

in From Plural to Institutional Agency: Collective Action II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789994
eISBN:
9780191831560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789994.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 6 lays groundwork for explaining what a constitutive rule is and how they underwrite certain important forms of constitutive agency by giving an analysis of the concept of a certain category ... More


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