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Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Maria Alvarez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, ... More


Taking the Agent's Point of View Seriously in Action Explanation

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Taking the Agent's Point of View Seriously in Action Explanation” takes the ideas adumbrated in Essay 5 a step further and develops a first‐person normative account of action explanation. The paper ... More


Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

William Child

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the relation between interpretationism and causal theories in the philosophy of mind. Interpretationism is the view that we can understand the nature of the propositional attitudes by ... More


A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation

Ruben David-Hillel

in Action and its Explanation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter turns to the question of the explanation of action. It comments on explanation in general and action explanation in particular, which guides the subsequent discussion of causal action ... More


Causal Theories

William Child

in Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Introduces and explains the basic argument for a causal theory of action‐explanation, and defends it against various non‐causal views of action: explaining an action is explaining why something ... More


Practical Reality

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical Reality is about the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. It claims that, in order to understand this relation, we have to abandon ... More


Non‐Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There are well‐known arguments in favour of the idea that explanations of actions are at bottom non‐teleological. Michael Smith's ‘direction‐of‐fit’ argument entails this, and both Davidson and ... More


Essays on Actions and Events

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246274
eISBN:
9780191715198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246270.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of action. Its overarching thesis is that the ordinary concept of causality we employ to render ... More


Doing Things for Reasons

Rüdiger Bittner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are the reasons for which people do things? A common answer is “the pairing of a desire and a belief within the agent”. Arguing that the desire‐belief‐theory is supported only by an old ... More


The Explanatory Force of Reason Explanations

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter asks how such a conception of reasons for which people do things can account for the fact that explanation of action is provided by indicating the reasons for which the thing in question ... More


Reasons and the First Person

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Reasons and the First Person” argues that an agent's understanding of his own action should be taken as the starting point in thinking about explanation of action. An agent understands his action ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Jaegwon Kim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of 14 essays; 11 of these have been previously published and three are new. All but one of them have been written since 1993 when my essay collection Supervenience and Mind ... More


Reason-Action Explanation

Gurpreet Mahajan

in Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses the reason-action explanation. Advocates of this explanation assert that historical occurrences are not just events or happenings. They are performances, the doings of ... More


Teleological Explanations of Actions

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued here that reference to the agent's purpose or purposes is essential to action explanations and that in fact the belief‐desire theory presupposes such purposes in any case. Action ... More


The Inherently Normative Nature of Action Explanations

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a crucial difference between explaining actions on the basis of the agent's actual or possible practical deliberation (the deliberative model) and explaining them on the basis of some ... More


Reasons for Action and Action for Reasons

Alfred R. Mele

in Motivation and Agency

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156171
eISBN:
9780199833467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515617X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Investigates the connection between motivation and reasons for action. It begins with a sketch of Donald Davidson's influential version of the view that reasons for action are states of mind. It then ... More


Weakness of Will and Practical Judgement

Sarah Stroud

in Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A practical judgement is one which enjoys an internal, necessary relation to subsequent action or intention, and which can serve as a sufficient explanation of such action or intention. Does the ... More


Intentions

Berent Enç

in How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256020
eISBN:
9780191602238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256020.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is an essay on intentions and intentional action, which focuses in particular on the relation between the rational explanations of action that cite the agent’s intentions and the ... More


Some Considerations on Method

Gurpreet Mahajan

in Explanation and Understanding in the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076971
eISBN:
9780199080403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076971.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter presents two conclusions that follow from the preceding discussions of the nature and structure of causal explanations, reason-action explanations, hermeneutic understanding, and the ... More


Doing Things for a Purpose, Doing Things for Fun

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter tries to account for two kinds of cases that raise difficulties for the present conception of reasons for which people do things, namely, things done for a purpose, where the reason seems ... More


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