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Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Gary Wenk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This book demonstrates how everything we put into our bodies effects certain neurotransmitters concerned with behavior and as a result has very direct consequences for how we think, feel, and act. ... More


Neuromuscular transmission

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The connection between motoneuronal axons and skeletal muscle fibres (neuromuscular junction, NMJ) shares basic characteristics with many excitatory chemical synapses inside the central nervous ... More


Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking: Cell Biology of Ligand-Gated and Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels

Stephen J. Moss and Jeremy Henley (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632241
eISBN:
9780191724763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632241.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book reviews the recent advances in understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control the assembly, transport, targeting, and anchoring of the protein complexes making up the ... More


Memories, Magic, & a Major Addiction

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The actions of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine influence the function of many brain regions. Within these regions, acetylcholine allows you to learn and remember, to regulate your attention and ... More


Neurochemical Modulation of Prefrontal Cortical Function in Humans and Animals

Amy F.T. Arnsten and Trevor W. Robbins

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), which include use of working memory to guide behavioral responses and the contents of attentional focus, the inhibition of inappropriate ... More


Chemical Neuromodulation of Goal-Directed Behavior

Roshan Cools

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Directing our behavior adequately to current goals requires a trade-off between cognitive flexibility and cognitive stability. In this chapter, empirical data and theories are reviewed which show ... More


Otto Loewi and Henry Dale: The Discovery of Neurotransmitters

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In the opening decades of the 20th century, there would be new ways of thinking about how neurons communicate with each other and how they stimulate muscles. The earlier idea of a continuous, ... More


Neuronal Receptors for Nicotine: Functional Diversity and Developmental Changes

Huibert D. Mansvelder and Lorna W. Role

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is the principal target-mediator of nicotine from smoking and chewing of tobacco. The effects of nicotine on offspring of pregnant smokers are widespread, ... More


Nicotinic Receptor Regulation of Developing Catecholamine Systems

Frances M. Leslie, Layla Azam, Kathy Gallardo, Kathryn O’Leary, Ryan Franke, and Shahrdad Lotfipour

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Nicotine binds to specific cholinergic receptors. A nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a ligand-gated cation channel. Each receptor consists of five subunit proteins surrounding a channel ... More


Floyd E. Bloom

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This autobiography describes his family upbringing, his undergraduate and graduate medical education, his early clinical training and the beginnings of his neuroscience research career. The details ... More


Krešimir Krnjevic´

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Krešimir Krnjević contributed to the identification of main neurotransmitters in the mammalian brain, notably the previously unsuspected transmitter functions of some amino acids – especially ... More


Pharmacology

B S K Kamath and Sarah Turle

in MCQs for the Primary FRCA

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199575770
eISBN:
9780191917899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199575770.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


The Messengers 1

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

At Cambridge, Elliott, and then Langley, speculate that impulses liberate chemicals from nerve endings. Others, including Adrian, believe that nerve endings exert their effects by electric currents ... More


The Single Ion Channel

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

A “gating” current, predicted by the Hodgkin-Huxley equations twenty years earlier, is finally detected in the squid giant axon. Soon after, Bert Sakmann and Erwin Neher develop a patch clamp method ... More


Repetitive Nerve Stimulation Studies

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The presynaptic region releases acetylcholine from an immediately available primary store and from a secondary store which can be easily mobilized. With each subsequent nerve impulse, the primary, ... More


Activation of NMDA receptors

A. J. GIBB, B. EDMONDS, R. A. SILVER, S. G. CULL-CANDY, and D. COLQUHOUN

in The NMDA Receptor

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192625021
eISBN:
9780191724701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625021.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Understanding the processes occurring during receptor activation is of fundamental importance to pharmacology, and activation of receptors such as the NMDA receptor, which have an integral membrane ... More


. Chemical Transmission at Synapses (1895–1945)

Joseph D. Robinson

in Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission: Bridging the Gaps (1890-1990)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137613
eISBN:
9780199848164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137613.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes early evidence for chemical transmission in the autonomic nervous system, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the central nervous system. Chemical transmission in the autonomic ... More


Pharmacology of human isolated large and small coronary arteries

J. A. Angus and T. M. Cocks

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter first reviews current data on the in vitro findings of the effect of a range of vasoactive substances on human large coronary arteries. Particular attention is given to spontaneous or ... More


Atherosclerosis

Xiao-Jun Du and Anthony M. Dart

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

It has now become clear that the physiological and pharmacological behaviour of vascular smooth muscle, particularly in the coronary circulation, is abnormal throughout the evolution of ... More


Neuromodulation and memory function

Michael E. Hasselmo and Christiane Linster

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuromodulation plays an important role in a variety of memory processes. Several modulators appear to regulate the storage of new information in cortical networks. This raises the fundamental ... More


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