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Accretion onto a Black Hole

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the ways that accretion onto a black hole produces energy and radiation. As material falls into a gravitational potential well, energy is transformed from gravitational ... More


Centre Formation in the European Union

Stefano Bartolini

in Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286430
eISBN:
9780191603242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286434.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter devotes attention to the specific features of the new centre at the European level, and focuses on the peculiarities of its institutional design. The typical centre-building features of ... More


Outflows and Jets

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter looks at the presence of outflows or jets, a somewhat unexpected feature of accretion flows. There is strong observational evidence that some fraction of the infalling material reverses ... More


Black Hole Spin

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the spin of a black hole. The spin is usually described as a nondimensional parameter, which can range from zero (a nonspinning black hole) to one (a situation described as ... More


Consonant Epenthesis: Natural and Unnatural Histories

Juliette Blevins

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter argues that there are clear natural and unnatural histories for patterns of consonant insertion which make no reference to syllable onset or segmental markedness. It offers new ways of ... More


Pre-main-sequence stars

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641741
eISBN:
9780191738609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641741.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses the following: the later stages of star formation; magnetic accretion discs; pre-main-sequence rotational evolution; x-ray observations; accretion disc theory; models with ... More


Depth from interposition and shading

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 3 Other Mechanisms of Depth Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764167
eISBN:
9780199949373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764167.003.0086
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Occlusion of a far object by a near object (interposition) indicates relative depth. Subjective contours occur when several objects are partially occluded by an object with the same luminance as the ... More


Colonial Legacy of  White Supremacy in American Buddhism

Joseph Cheah

in Race and Religion in American Buddhism: White Supremacy and Immigrant Adaptation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756285
eISBN:
9780199918874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756285.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the legacy of white supremacy in American Buddhism to “racial projects” conceived and implemented by Western Orientalists in the middle and late Victorian era. Eugene Burnouf, ... More


Dynamics of the Contemporary University: Growth, Accretion, and Conflict

Neil J. Smelser

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520275812
eISBN:
9780520955257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275812.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book is an expanded version of the Clark Kerr Lectures of 2012, delivered by the author at the University of California at Berkeley in January and February of that year.The initial exposition is ... More


Compact objects

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0036
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

When a star is near the end of its lifetime, and all of its fuel is used up, there is no longer enough outwards pressure due to radiation to resist the inwards pull of gravity and the star starts to ... More


Taxable Income

Avi-Yonah Reuven, Nicola Sartori, and Omri Marian

in Global Perspectives on Income Taxation Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195321357
eISBN:
9780199893690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321357.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the starting point of any study on income tax: the definition of income as the base of the tax (the subject matter on which the tax is imposed). First, it discusses the two ... More


Parageneric Spaces: Coda and Introduction

James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy

in Elements of Sonata Theory: Norms, Types, and Deformations in the Late-Eighteenth-Century Sonata

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195146400
eISBN:
9780199850983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146400.003.0013
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Some sonata movements feature a parageneric space. Everything in the movement that may set up or otherwise alter or frame the presentation of the sonata form is a parageneric space. In such a ... More


The Syriac Life of Rabbula and Syrian Hellenism

G. W. Bowersock

in Greek Biography and Panegyric in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223882
eISBN:
9780520925052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223882.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter focuses on the Syriac biography of Rabbula, bishop of Edessa. It explains that this biography was first published by J.J. Overbeck in 186 and that it is free from the legendary ... More


Problem Solving

Bruce I. Blum

in Beyond Programming: To A New Era of Design

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195091601
eISBN:
9780197560662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195091601.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

I begin my exploration of ecological design by examining the nature of the individuals engaged in the design process. There are two principal concerns. ... More


Pre-Main Sequence Stars

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526728
eISBN:
9780191707049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526728.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A classical T Tauri star (CTTS), believed to be in the Hayashi contraction phase, emits strongly variable optical and UV continua, and also a line spectrum, all apparently forming in a dense, ... More


Microphysical Processes in Cirrus and Their Impact on Radiation: A Mesoscale Modeling Perspective

Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov and Kenneth Sassen

in Cirrus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130720
eISBN:
9780197561430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130720.003.0023
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

The impact of cloudiness on the global radiative budget and its climatic consequences have been widely discussed during the last three decades. It was gradually ... More


The Birth of the Earth

Gerrit L. Verschuur

in Impact!: The Threat of Comets and Asteroids

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195101058
eISBN:
9780197561232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195101058.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geophysics: Earth Sciences

As we apprehend the likelihood of an almost inconceivable cosmic impact occurring again at some time in the future, it is worth considering how we got to be here in ... More


Aggregation

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter explores how naturally occurring inanimate structures grow by accretion of smaller-sized components, focusing on one specific accretion process: diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA). In ... More


Relativistic Hydrodynamics

Luciano Rezzolla and Olindo Zanotti

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198528906
eISBN:
9780191746505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528906.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a lively and approachable introduction to the main concepts and techniques of relativistic hydrodynamics in a form which will appeal to physicists at advanced undergraduate and ... More


Dynamics of American Universities

Neil J. Smelser

in Dynamics of the Contemporary University: Growth, Accretion, and Conflict

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520275812
eISBN:
9780520955257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275812.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter begins by identifying the societal functions of higher education and its moral embeddedness.Several types of social change are involved in its growth over the past few centuries, but ... More


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